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Precis and Paraphrasing

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by

Geezel Torres

on 4 September 2012

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Transcript of Precis and Paraphrasing

PRECIS AND PARAPHRASE A PRECIS "restates in your own words only the author's main ideas, omitting all the examples and evidence used in supporting and illustrating those points. The function of a PRECIS is to represent the focus and emphasis of a relatively large amount of material in an efficient and concise form". Precis and Paraphrase When you PARAPHRASE, using your own words you are explaining your source's argument, following its line of reasoning and its sequence of ideas. The purpose of a paraphrase is to convey the meaning of the original message and, in doing so, to prove that you understand the passage well enough to restate it. The paraphrase should give the reader an accurate understanding of the author's position on the topic. Your job is to uncover and explain all the facts and arguments involved in your subject. Change the structure
Change the words Paraphrasing Love and Toil maintains that family survival was the mother's main charge among the large majority of London's population who were poor or working class; the emotional and intellectual nurture of her child or children and even their actual comfort were forced into the background. To mother was to work for and organize household subsistence. (p. 9)

Ellen Ross, Love and Toil 1993 Children of the poor at the turn of the century received little if any emotional or intellectual nurturing from their mothers, whose main charge was family survival. Working for and organizing household subsistence were what defined mothering. Next to this, even the children's basic comfort was forced into the background (Ross, 1993). "Precis moves much farther than paraphrase away from point-by-point translation. When you summarize a passage, you need first to absorb the meaning of the passage and then to capture in your own words the most important elements from the original passage" Precis According to Ross (1993), given the magnitude of this survival task, children were deprived of even the "actual comfort" (p. 9) we expect mothers to provide today. "How to paraphrase a source". (2009). The Writer's Handbook. Retrieved Sept 4, 2012 from http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/QPA_paraphrase2.html

"Paraphrase and Summary". (2011). KU Writing Center. Retrieved Sept 4, 2012 from http://writing.ku.edu/~writing/guides/paraphrase.shtml

Plotnick, J. (n.d.). "Paraphrase and Summary". Retrieved Sept 4, 2012 from http://www.utoronto.ca/ucwriting/paraphrase.html References:
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