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Civil Rights Era

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Kianna DeHoek

on 23 April 2010

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Transcript of Civil Rights Era

Events Little Rock Nine White Flight Brown vs. Board of Education Civil Rights Act of 1964 Strategies March On Wahingron Sit-Ins Montgomery Bus boycott Freedom Rides People Martin Luther King Jr. Malcolm X Lyndon Johnson Rosa Parks Organization KKK NAACP SCLC SNCC Martin Luther Kind Jr. was an American clergyman activist. He was also a prominent leader in the African American civil rights movement. His main legacy was to secure progress on civil rights in the U.S. and he has become a human rights icon. Malcolm X was an African American Muslim minister , public speaker, and human rights activist. To admiriers he was couragoues advocate for the rights of Africa American's. A man who indicated white American in the harshets terms for crimes against blacks Lyndon Johnson has been credited for being one of the most important figures in the civil rights movement. It was Johnson who put the presidential signature to the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act. Having these rights African American's were able to have a big boost on the civil rights movement. Rosa Parks was an African American civil rights activist. At age 42 she refused to follow the bus drivers order to give up her seat to make room for white people. Her actions sparked the Montgomery Bus boycott. The KKK was a group of extremist who's main goal was to protect the rights and further the intersest of white Americans of Protestent faith by violence and intimidation. During this time most African Americans were killed by the KKK. They linched a little African American boy and they never went to jail. The NAACP was formed partly because of the horrific of lynching and the 1908 race riot. The principle objective is to ensure political, educational, social and economical equality of minority group citizens of the U.S.Also to eliminate race prejudice. The SCLC's main leader was Martin Luther King Jr. This organization was to dedicate to non-violent direct action protest, such as sitins, boycotts, and marches. This group was to help lead the African Americans to equality through the civil rights movements. The SNCC was one of the principle organizations of the civil rights movement. They played a moajor roll in the sitins and freedom rides, and a leading roll in the March to Washington. The SNCC was started by a high school boy who decided that the SCLC was not the way to go. The March on Washington was a large political rally that took place in Whashington D.C. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I Have A Dream" speach in D.C. This was said to be widely credited in the help of passing the civil rights movement A Sit in is a form of direct action that envolves one or more persons non violently occupying an area for protest. Many sit ins were used to during the civil rights movement to help progress the success.Most sit ins also happened at restaurants in which activist would sit until they were served food. Freedom Rides were the action of which African Americans would get on buses into the segregated south. They did this to test the Supreme courts decision Boyton v. Virginia. They did this to test if the citizens and the government would hold to their decisions and promises. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign attended to oppose the city's policy of racial segregation on public transit system. Many African Americans never rode the bused and instead walked which lost the transit system money. This lead to freedom riders. They were a group of nine African American students who enrolled in Little Rock Central High School. These students had a hard time from finally entering the school and things didnt get easier once they got in. Some students dropped out of Central High and went back to their old school. This was a landmark piece of legislation in the U.S. That outlawed unequal application of a voter and registration requirments and racial segreagation in schools, at the workplace and by facilties that were used by the general public. Finally African Americans could get some equal opportunities. This was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court that declared the states laws establishing seperate public schools for black and white students. Also denying black children equal education opportunities unconstitional. This over ruled the Plessy v. Ferguson that seperate but equal was constitutional. This was were whites would flee urban communities as the minority population increases. They would move to places like commuter towns. Only whites did this mainly to get away from African American's.
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