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What is poetry?

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Dayna Nielsen

on 3 March 2016

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Transcript of What is poetry?

What is poetry?


What is poetry?

Why study poetry?

How is poetry relevant to our lives?

Clip from:
The Dead Poet's Society

Poetry
vs.
"Regular Writing" a.k.a prose
Before we can focus on poetry, we must figure out how it compares to the type writing we are most familiar with. This will help us to better understand the purpose for poetry in our lives.

Prose
comes from the Latin "prosa" which means "straightforward." Prose can be written or spoken and has no formal metrical structure. It is basically ordinary language - the way people speak.

Examples of prose appear in newspapers, magazines, encyclopedias, textbooks, as well as in most novels and movies. It can also include notes, letters, and essays you write.
Rap is Poetry

What is poetry?
As small groups you will come up with an answer this question using any resources available to you (iPads & books). For the assignment you will need to do the following:

1. First, select 3-4 people to be in a group with.

2. Answer the question:
What is poetry?
on a large piece of white paper (from the drawer). Support your answer with definitions, multiple examples, and any other evidence you find worthy. This can include pictures, text, examples of poems, etc. You will be sharing your posters with the class.

3. Lastly, answer the following questions on the back of your poster:
- Why should we study and write poetry?
- How is poetry relevant in our lives today?
What we think we know about poetry...
What we want to know/questions we have about poetry...
This video may help answer some of your questions...
Poetry: "The Eagle" by Lord Alfred Tennyson
He clasps the crag with crooked hands;
Close to the sun in lonely lands,
Ringed with the azure world, he stands.

The wrinkled sea beneath him crawls;
He watches from his mountain walls,
And like a thunderbolt he falls.
Compare & Contrast Poetry and Prose
Please sign in to Moodle and download the file "Poetry vs. Prose Example Texts" into Noteability.

Using the two pieces of writing as guides, create a T-chart to demonstrate the differences between poetry and prose. Consider thinking about the following aspects of each piece of writing:

- the structure of the writing
- the language use
- the tone of the writing
- the purpose of the writing
- the punctuation of the writing

You are noting the differences between the two different types of writing. For example, the poetry may rhyme and the prose may not rhyme. If you find they have a similarity, write it on the middle line of the T-chart.

Some agreed upon differences...
http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/p-as_docs/PoetryandProse.pdf
What does this tell us about poetry?
Please log in to Moodle and download the "Poetry Terms" document into Notability. You will use this to take notes as we learn about different poetry terms.
What is the purpose of figurative language in writing?


It adds meaning to writing and helps readers paint a visual image in their minds.

It helps readers make connections with the writing that lead to a better understanding.

It triggers imagination.

It's the difference between reading something and experiencing something.
Simile
Definition:
A comparison between two things using "like" or "as"

Examples:
Life is like a box of chocolates. She was as quiet as a mouse.

How it's used:

“Twinkle Twinkle”
Twinkle, twinkle little star,
How I wonder what you are
Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky.

Write your own example:
Metaphor
Definition:
A comparison between two different things without using “like” or “as”.

Example:
Life is a dream. I was swimming in a sea of sadness.

How it's used:

A book is
an open flower
scented pages, fragrant hours

a crafty fox
surprising in its clever plots

a fairy's wings
with princesses, enchanted kings

a windowsill
where breezy thoughts are never still

an hour glass
whose pages flow as hours pass...

Write your own example:
You can find many similes and metaphors in music. Let's see how many similes and metaphors can you find in this Katy Perry song.
Personification
Definition:
Assigning human qualities to non-human things.

Example:
The lightning danced. The wind whistled

How it's used:
“Stars”
Stars, bring me up with you
Bring me to the place
you sleep.
How do you do it?
Bring me to your home.
Bring your thoughts
Share them
with me.
Write your own example:
Personification is more common than you think...
Practice
In Moodle, please download the file titled "Practice: Identify Similes, Metaphors, and Personification in Poetry"


Alliteration
Definition:
The repetition of the same initial sound in a group of words.

Example:
Peter Piper picked a pack of pickled peppers.

How it's used:
“The Wind Whistles”
Repeated reminders throughout the day
Telling tales of what is coming
The wonderful wind whistles
The secrets that have been secretly hid.
Predicting and preparing us to pray.
The wise wind sometimes whispers

Write your own example of alliteration.

Rhyme
Definition:
Using words that sound alike.

Example:
I had a cat who wore a hat.

How it's used:
Roses are red,
Violets are blue,
Sugar is sweet,
And so are you.

Write your own poem using rhyme. It should be at least two lines long!
Labeling Rhyme Scheme
What is the rhyme scheme of this poem?
Roses are red,
Violets are blue,
Sugar is sweet,
And so are you.

(label it in your chart)



Repetition
Definition:
Repeating of words or phrases to emphasize an idea.

Example:
I want to live. I want to laugh. I want to love.

How it's used:
“Rain”
The rain is falling all around
It falls on field and tree,
It rains on the umbrellas here,
And on the ships at sea.

Write your own example of repetition!
What is the purpose of repetition?
Onomatopoeia
Definition:
Words that sound like the objects or actions they
represent. WORDS THAT REPRESENT SOUNDS!

Example:
Boom! Pow!

How it's used:
It SUSHES.
It hushes
The loudness in the road.
It flitter-twitters...

Write your own example of onomatopoeia!
Batman TV Show
Words that illustrate how they sound...
Mrs. Munger's Class Learns Onomatopoeia
Imagery
Definition:
The author's use of language that appeals to the 5 senses in order to help the reader imagine exactly what is being described, or paint a picture in their mind.

Example:
He breathed in the aroma of fresh brewed coffee.

How it's used:
Crystallized trees etched upon the sky
Gently painted with pastel colors
A hue of pink, a touch of blue...
Surrounded by the softest purple
The winter sky at evening time
Reflects confidence in the dawn
The return of light, return of warmth
Spring but a whisper just behind.

Write your own example!
Tone
Mood


Definition:
The implied attitude of a writer (or speaker) toward the subject and characters of a work.

Example:
I hate math with every bone in my body.

How it's used:
For the moon never beams without bringing me
dreams
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And the stars never rise but I feel the bright eyes
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side
Of my darling, my darling, my life and my bride...


Write your own example:
Write a sentence demonstrating tone.
Definition:
The emotions the reader feels while reading; the overall
"feeling" of a piece of work.

Example:
The river glistened and sparkled as it flowed noiselessly on.
(peaceful)

How it's used:
Stunningly dressed flower stalks
Stand shimmering in the breeze.
The cheerful sun hides playfully
Behind white, fluffy, cotton-ball clouds....


Write your own example:
Write a sentence demonstrating tone.
Post-Reading Activity for "Oranges" by Gary Soto
1. Draw 5 small sketches of the imagery represented within the poem.

2. Identify which of the 5 senses each of these images represents. (hear, touch, smell, taste, see)

3. Which of the 5 senses did you fail to represent in your drawings?
Are your drawings similar
to any of these images?

Identifying Tone and Mood in Music

For each of the following songs, write a sentence or draw a picture that describes how the song makes you feel.
Based on your writing or drawings, what
moods
did you associate with each song?

What
tone
do you think was being demonstrated by the author of each song? How do you know?
Identifying Mood and Tone in Music
DIRECTIONS:
CONCLUSIONS:
Oxymoron
Definition:
a figure of speech that uses contradictory terms.

Example:
deafening silence.

How it's used:
Why then, O brawling love, O loving hate,
O anything, from nothing first create,
O heavy lightness! Serious vanity!
Mis-shapen chaos of well-seeming forms,
Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health,
Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!
This love feel I, that feel no love in this.


Write your own example!
Hyperbole
Idiom
Definition:
An extreme exaggeration used to make a point.

Example:
My backpack weighs a ton!

How it's used:
I ate a spicy pepper
From my brother on a dare.
The pepper caught my head on fire
And burned off all my hair.

My mouth erupted lava
And my tongue began to melt.
My ears were shooting jets of steam.
At least that’s how they felt.

Write your own!
Definition:
commonly used phrase where the literal meaning
(dictionary definition) differs greatly from the figurative meaning.

Example:
It's raining cats and dogs.

How it's used:
"You can't cry over spilled milk!"
my mother always said.
"Life's not a piece of cake!"
she hammered in my head.
"That's the way it goes,
that's the way the cookie crumbles."

Write your own example!

Oxymoron in Movies:
Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close
Origins of Idioms:
Idiom Practice


In Moodle, download the document titled "Idiom Practice" into Noteability. Follow the directions and complete all of the questions to demonstrate your understanding of some of the most common idioms.




Lyrics as Poetry Assignment
Literal vs. Figurative Meaning of Idioms
Go to this site:
http://www.idiomsite.com/


Choose an idiom from the list. Write this idiom at the top of your paper. Then, draw it's literal meaning on the left half of the paper, and the figurative meaning (how we use it) on the right half of the paper).
Helps us express our feelings Helps us improve our writing skills overall
It's easy to write doesn't need complete sentences many types
expresses thoughts it's old sometimes it rhymes, sometimes it doesn't
Haiku
How do you write poetry? How can we use it to express ourselves?
Why do we need poetry in our lives? How many different types?
What is so important about it that we have to write it every year?
How do people benefit from poetry?
Full transcript