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Feudalism

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by

Inma Maldonado

on 22 November 2016

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Transcript of Feudalism

Feudalism
Medieval Cities
Medieval Art

Lord's
Castle
Lord's
Pastures
Free
Peasants
Demesne
Lord's
Mill
Farmlands
Farmlands
Village
Bridge
Church
Blacksmith
Lord's
Forest
Peasants'
Houses
A FIEF
fief
feudal lord
vassal
serfs
knights
peasants
protection
work, taxes
fief
military service
vassalage
serfdom
NOBILITY : nobles, knights
noblemen/noblewomen
HELMET
CHAIN MAIL
ARMOUR
Knight
Squire
Tournament
Sword
Shield
Lance
Estates are closed social groups in which it is difficult to move from one to another.
Feudal Society was divided in estates.
There were three estates:
privileged estates
clergy
nobility
non-privileged estate
3rd estate
CLERGY
habits
Manuscript
The Papal States
Peasantry
MARCH
plough
scythe
sickle
JULY
JUNE
OCTOBER
FEBRUARY
Medieval Cities
City Walls
City Gate
Tower
Fortress
Cathedral
Suburb
Ditch
Drawbridge
Market Square
City
Hall
LIFE ON A FIEF
Medieval
Art

Art Concepts:
Floor Plan:
cruciform
Latin cross
transept
apse
nave
aisles
Arches
vaults
Columns
or Pillars
Domes
Romanesque architecture
Romanesque sculpture
Romanesque painting
Gothic architecture
Gothic sculpture
Gothic painting
11th and 12th centuries.
Most representative buildings: churches, cathedrals, monasteries.
Characteristics:
-Round arches.
-Barrel vaults.
-Thick walls with buttresses.
-Small windows.
-Dark interior.
-Buildings looked very solid and compact.
Educational and religious function.
Unrealistic figures made of wood or stone.
Most of the figures were part of buildings: façades (especially on tympanums), capitals, cloisters, altars (wooden carvings).
altar
façade
Most of the paintings were inside churches (mural paintings).
Rigid and schematic figures.
Bright colours.
Figures outlined in black.
No background landscapes.
13th, 14th and 15th centuries: related to urban growth.
Most representative building: cathedrals.
Characteristics:
-Pointed arches.
-Rib vaults.
-Flying buttresses.
-Large windows with stained glass / rose windows.
-High towers.
-Bright interior.
Educational and religious function.
More realistic and natural: gestures/feelings, curved lines, movement.
Types: altarpieces, choir stalls, tombs, gargoyles...
Mural paintings were replaced by stained glass windows.
Other paintings: miniatures, altarpieces.
Greater realism and movement.
Bright colours / gold.
Background landscapes.
Mostly religious, but portraits also became important.
round arches
barrel vault
buttresses
small windows
thick walls
aisle
tympanum
cloister
façade
capital
unrealistic
rigid / schematic
outlined in black
mural paintings
no background
pointed arch
rib vault
flying buttresses
stained glass
more realistic
Romanesque
Gothic: gestures, feelings,
movement
Gothic tomb
gargoyles
rose window
background landscape
Vocabulary (Unit 2)
Vikings
Magyars
Saracens
feudalism
fief or manor
lord
vassal
serf
homage
court
demesne
mill
oven
press
toll
estate
lance
sword
shield
page
squire
knight
tournament
clergy
Pope
to excommunicate
Papal State
bishop
diocese
parish
priest
religious order
abbot
friar
monk
nun
miniature
tithe
sickle
scythe
hoe
plough
fallow
What is it? Is it Romanesque or Gothic? Why? What is it for?
b)
a)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
vikingos
magiares
sarracenos
feudalismo
feudo
señor
vasallo
siervo
homehaje
corte
reserva señorial
molino
horno
prensa
peaje
estamento
lanza
espada
escudo
paje
escudero
caballero
torneo
clero
Papa
excomulgar
Estados Pontificios
obispo
diócesis
parroquia
sacerdote
orden religiosa
abad
fraile
monje
monja
miniatura
diezmo
hoz
guadaña
azada
arado
barbecho

Vocabulary (Units 3 & 4)
muldboard plough
ghetto/Jewish quarter
Moorish quarter
workshop
guild
master craftsman
journeyman
apprentice
charters of liberties
vault
arch
floor plan
apse
nave
aisle
façade
column
dome
round arch
barrel vault
buttress
tympanum
cloister
town hall
town council
ditch
drawbridge
pointed arch
rib vault
flying buttress
staned glass
rose window
arado de vertedera
gueto/barrio judío
barrio musulmán
taller
gremio
maestro artesano
oficial artesano
aprendiz
fuero
bóveda
arco
planta de un edificio
ápside
nave central
nave lateral
fachada
columna
cúpula
arco de medio punto
bóveda de medio cañón
contrafuerte
tímpano
claustro
ayuntamiento (edificio)
ayuntamiento (institución)
foso
puente levadizo
arco apuntado
bóveda de crucería
arbotante
vidriera
rosetón
Full transcript