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Feudalism

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by

St. F.

on 1 December 2017

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Transcript of Feudalism

Feudalism
Medieval Cities
Medieval Art

Lord's
Castle
Lord's
Pastures
Free
Peasants
Demesne
Lord's
Mill
Farmlands
Farmlands
Village
Bridge
Church
Blacksmith
Lord's
Forest
Peasants'
Houses
A FIEF
fief
feudal lord
vassal
serfs
knights
peasants
protection
work, taxes
fief
military service
vassalage
serfdom
NOBILITY : nobles, knights
noblemen/noblewomen
HELMET
CHAIN MAIL
ARMOUR
Knight
Squire
Sword
Shield
Lance
Estates are closed social groups in which it is difficult to move from one to another.
Feudal Society was divided in estates.
There were three estates:
privileged estates
clergy
nobility
non-privileged estate
3rd estate
CLERGY
habits
Manuscript
The Papal States
Peasantry
MARCH
plough
scythe
sickle
JULY
JUNE
OCTOBER
FEBRUARY
Medieval Cities
City Walls
City Gate
Tower
Fortress
Cathedral
Suburb
Ditch
Drawbridge
Market Square
City
Hall
LIFE ON A FIEF
Medieval
Art

Art Concepts:
Floor Plan:
cruciform
Latin cross
transept
apse
nave
aisles
Arches
vaults
Columns
or Pillars
Domes
Romanesque architecture
Romanesque sculpture
Romanesque painting
Gothic architecture
Gothic sculpture
Gothic painting
11th and 12th centuries.
Most representative buildings: churches, cathedrals, monasteries.
Characteristics:
-Semi-circular or round arches.
-Barrel vaults.
-Thick walls with buttresses.
-Small windows.
-Dark interior.
-Buildings looked very solid and compact.
Educational and religious function.
Unrealistic figures made of wood or stone.
Most of the figures were part of buildings: façades (especially on tympanums), capitals, cloisters, altars (wooden carvings).
altar
façade
Most of the paintings were inside churches (mural paintings).
Rigid and schematic figures; forward-facing and hieratic (inexpressive).
Bright colours.
Figures with thick outline (outlined in black).
No background landscapes; no depth, volume or perspective.
13th, 14th and 15th centuries: related to urban growth.
Most representative building: cathedrals.
Characteristics:
-Targeted or pointed arches.
-Rib vaults.
-Flying buttresses & pinnacles.
-Large windows with stained glass / rose windows.
-High towers.
-Bright interior.
Educational and religious function.
More realistic and natural: gestures/feelings, curved lines (S shape), movement.
Figures not isolated, interacting.
Types: altarpieces, choir stalls, tombs, gargoyles...
round arches
barrel vault
buttresses
small windows
thick walls
aisle
tympanum
cloister
façade
capital
unrealistic
rigid / schematic
outlined in black
mural paintings
no background
pointed arch
rib vault
flying buttresses
stained glass
more realistic
Romanesque
Gothic: gestures, feelings,
movement
Gothic tomb
gargoyles
rose window
Mural paintings were replaced by stained glass windows.
Other paintings: miniatures, altarpieces.
Greater realism and movement, emotions, gestures.
Bright colours / gold.
Background landscapes, depth.
Mostly religious, but portraits also became important.
background landscape
Vocabulary (Unit 3)
Vikings/Norsemen
Hungarians
feudalism
fief/fiefdom
lord
vassal
vassalage
serf
serfdom
homage
investiture
pledge of allegiance
court
demesne/domain
holding
estate
sword
shield
page
squire
knight
tournament/joust
minstrels and troubadours
castle
drawbridge
ditch
well
keep
clergy
Pope
Papal State
secular clergy
archbishop/bishop
diocese
parish
priest
regular clergy
religious order
abbot
friar
monk
nun
miniature
tithe
fallow
crop rotation
to graze
harvest
What is it? Is it Romanesque or Gothic? Why? What is it for?
b)
a)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
vikingos/normandos
húngaros
feudalismo
feudo
señor
vasallo
vasallaje
siervo
servidumbre
homenaje
investidura
juramento de lealtad
corte
reserva señorial
manso
estamento
espada
escudo
paje
escudero
caballero
torneo/justa
juglares y trovadores
castillo
puente levadizo
foso
pozo
torreón
clero
Papa
Estados Pontificios
clero secular
arzobispo/obispo
diócesis
parroquia
sacerdote
clero regular
orden religiosa
abad
fraile
monje
monja
miniatura
diezmo
barbecho
rotación de cultivos
pastar
cosecha
Vocabulary (Romanes & Gothic)
vault
arch
floor plan
apse
nave
aisle
façade
column
dome
round arch
barrel vault
buttress
tympanum
cloister
hieratic
pointed arch
rib vault
flying buttress
staned glass
rose window
bóveda
arco
planta de un edificio
ápside
nave central
nave lateral
fachada
columna
cúpula
arco de medio punto
bóveda de medio cañón
contrafuerte
tímpano
claustro
hierático
arco apuntado
bóveda de crucería
arbotante
vidriera
rosetón
Tournament
capital
Full transcript