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The imigration and settlement of canada

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nathaniel macdonald

on 11 May 2010

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Transcript of The imigration and settlement of canada

imigration and settlement of canada The chinese the ukrains the icelanders the reason the chinese came to canada was because of the hard core laber and The Chinese settled in Canada because in their country there was always bias selections and when they heard that Canadians had fair trades and agreements and meetings for the votes the Chinese left for Canada and a better life and settlement and also they got good pay for helping build the bridge. Although eighty percent of the Ukraine’s land was part of the Russian empire, most Ukrainians that landed on Canada’s shores during this period were from the western portion, then under Austrian rule. The first immigration consisted almost entirely of land-hungry peasants from the provinces of Galicia and Bukovina.

Denied any opportunities to improve their lot in their homeland, they were attracted to Canada by its policy of granting virtually free lands or "homesteads" to settlers.

Wasyl Eleniak and Ivan Pillipiw are commonly considered to be the first Ukrainian immigrants to Canada. A third wave of Mennonite immigrants came to Canada immediately after World War II. As the German army retreated, it took many of the German-speaking settlers in Western Russia with it. This grueling journey has come to be referred to as the Great Trek in Mennonite history. Although about 2/3 of the Mennonites involved in this movement were taken back to Russia by force, about 12,000 remained in Western Europe. In addition, some Mennonite families had remained in Germany and Poland, and never moved to Russia. Many had relatives in Canada, and approximately 7,000 made their way to this country.
Refugees during the Great Trek (21 Kb): Mennonite Archives of Ontario (1992 - 14.3059)
Refugees During the Great Trek


As a result of these mass movements, Russian Mennonites prove an important part of Canadian history, and especially that of Western Canada. In fact, Winnipeg, Manitoba continues to have one of the largest urban populations of people of Mennonite background in the world, as well as over 50 active Mennonite congregations!
notes something that all the countries that imigrated to canada had in common for even coming to canada was because how fair and erelevant canada was and that they all had hard labor in there countries

The few websites that i used were
http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/china/chinese_immigration.html
http://retirees.uwaterloo.ca/~marj/genealogy/chinese.html


The Icelanders

Emigration from Iceland began later than any other Scandinavian country, due in part to the small island nation's extreme isolation. Icelandic immigration is also difficult to track, as many Icelandic immigrants to the U.S. were counted as citizens of Denmark, which controlled Iceland at the time.


Icelandic American farmers, North Dakota
However, it is clear that in the late decades of the 19th century between 10,000 and 15,000 emigrants set out from Iceland to the U.S.—a total that approached one-fifth of the entire Icelandic population. Early emigrants included new converts to Mormonism who joined the Danish exodus to the Utah territory, as well as a few adventurers who founded a colony in Wisconsin in the 1860s.

The main emigration began in the 1870s, when families and groups of families began moving to the Great Lakes states, seeking to escape the famine and overcrowding that had struck Iceland just as they had other Scandinavian lands. At first, the Icelanders did not arrive in sufficient numbers to start their own communities, and so tended to attach themselves to Norwegian or Swedish farm settlements, or to go to work for established farmers. Within a few decades, though, Icelandic towns had been founded in Minnesota and Wisconsin, and Icelandic schools established.


Icelandic immigrant Thodur Einarson, 1939
As with other Scandinavian immigrants, the Icelanders began to move west as the century drew to a close, seeking more available land in the Dakotas, and even moving across the Rockies to the West Coast. Many Icelanders found the Pacific Coast more agreeable that the windswept Dakotas, and settled in the farm country of Washington, Oregon, and California. The Dakotas remained the heart of Icelandic America, however, even after Icelandic immigration tapered off at the turn of the century. After Iceland gained its independence and new immigration all but ceased, Icelandic American culture intermingled to a certain degree with that of other Scandinavian immigrants, particularly the Norwegians'. However, Icelandic identity is still strong among the descendants of immigrants, and in the 2000 census more than 42,000 Americans claimed to be descendants of Icelandic immigrants.

biography resourses EXTRA INFO Wilfrid laurier the mennonites Emigration from China was once a capital crime - because surely only enemies of the imperial court would choose to abandon the greatest civilization on Earth. In 1712, the emperor decreed that anyone who settled overseas should go back to be beheaded. Leaving China was also regarded as un-Confucian. Sons were meant to stay in the home village, to keep the ancestral graves clean and the clan's lineage unbroken.

In 1788, British explorer John Meares landed at Nootka Sound on Vancouver Island with 70 Chinese carpenters he brought from the Portuguese colony of Macao. They built him a boat and then, it is thought, married into native communities on the island, their cultural traces soon lost. They were the first Chinese to set foot in Canada, and the last for 70 years.

The story of the Chinese who decamped for Canada really begins in the mid-19th century. Agricultural productivity in China could not keep pace with rapid population growth, and wealth was concentrated in the hands of a small land-owning class. The Qing dynasty, weakened by defeat in the 1839-42 Opium War with Britain, was pressured into concluding emigration treaties with Western powers.

The United States, for one, was scouting for a new pool of cheap labour following the abolition of slavery, and found it in China's pauperized landless peasantry. The migrants came mostly from the densely populated coastal provinces of Guangdong and Fujian. They traded poverty and social unrest at home for a life of hard labour and racism abroad.

The first major wave of Chinese immigrants to North America was swept up in the gold rush. They began arriving in San Francisco - Gold Mountain in Chinese - in 1849. A decade later, California's gold veins were drying up as fast as anti-Oriental feeling was growing. When word filtered down of a gold strike in the Fraser River Valley in 1858, Chinese prospectors were among those who pursued the rumour north. They didn't know they would be allowed to work the mines only when white miners had moved on.

In 1860, others began to arrive in British Columbia directly from China. The following year, the first Chinese-Canadian baby was born. THERE YOU HAVE IT THE IMMIGRATION OF CANADA TODAY !!!!!!!!
Mennonites are a branch of the Christian church, with roots in the radical wing of the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Part of the group known as Anabaptists (because they rebaptized adult believers), the Mennonites took their name from Menno Simons, a Dutch priest who converted to the Anabaptist faith and helped lead it to prominence in Holland by the mid-16th century. Modern day Mennonites number almost 1 million worldwide, with churches in North and South America, Africa, Europe and Asia. Mennonites are known for their emphasis on issues such as peace, justice, simplicity, community, service, and mutual aid. The Amish, who separated from the Mennonites in the late 1600's, are widely known for their plain dress and rejection of modern technology and conveniences. Canada's Government was the biggest help because it gave me the best info from a book that ive looked at, The book told me something about a man and the mans name was the TANK MAN and he was a bright man who was not profounded of the treatment and the reactions to the immigrints that wanted to leave or wanted to come to the country so what he did was he stood in front of four tanks and he would not let them pass and all he really wanted was for them to leave and end this and he even jumped on the tanks and hit them
he was born in November 20, 1841, St. Lin, Canada East. He died in February 17, 1919, Ottawa, Ontario
His Grave site is in Notre Dame Cemetery, Ottawa, Ontario In 1866, Laurier moved to L'Avenir and took over as the Editor of Le Défricheur, defending a good cause like liberalism. It was not an easy platform to support in Quebec at that time; the clergy fiercely condemned "les rouges(the red)," and the rival "parti bleu(the blue party)" dominated the provincial government. Laurier won a seat in the legislature as a Liberal member in 1871, but resigned in 1874. That same year, he got elected to the House of Commons. During the brief Liberal regime under Alexander MacKenzie, Laurier served for one year as Minister of Inland Revenue. His spirited defence of Louis Riel in 1885 brought his oratorical abilities to the attention of the party, and when Liberal leader Edward Blake resigned in 1887, Laurier succeeded him
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