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Transcript of Appeasment
the policy of making concessions to the dictatorial powers in order to avoid conflict.
German reoccupation of the Rhineland:
This occurred on March 7, 1936.
The map shows where the Rhineland is located.
Germany began reoccupying the Rhineland in March 7, 1936. This violated the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Treaty. This was the first time since WW1 that German troops had been in that region. Remilitarization changed the balance of power in Europe for Germany being able to use aggression that the demilitarized status of the Rhine would not allow. This was Hitler’s first illegal action since coming to power. Hitler moved troops in the Rhine to see if France would attack and take action, but since France did not, Hitler kept his troops in there. Britain and France could no longer use forceful action against Hitler except by provoking total war. Germany needed to reoccupy the Rhineland in order to remilitarize as a part of Hitler’s plan. This stirred up nationalistic feelings in Germany.
German appeasement occurred from March 7, 1936 to September 30, 1938.
Countries like Britain and France let Germany disobey rules set by the treaty of Versailles to avoid a war. This let Hitler rearm and militarize to prepare for war. It led to the beginning of World War 2.
German reoccupation of the Rhineland, the Anschluss of Austria, and the Munich Agreement were all examples of appeasement towards Germany.
Hitler mobilizing troops to the Rhineland.
This occurred on March 12, 1938.
German troops marching into Austria.
This map shows where Austria is located by Germany.
The unification of Austria by Germany.
Anschluss is the annexation of Austria by Germany. Hitler invited the Austrian chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg to Germany and forced him to give the Austrian Nazis power. He ordered the Austrian army not to resist the German army. President Wilhelm Miklas of Austria refused to appoint the Austrian Nazi leader, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, as chancellor. A telegram was sent by a German agent requesting military aid from Germany. On March 12, Germany invaded Austria. German troops marched into Austria on March 12 1938. A plebiscite was held on April 10. Hitler supposedly gained 99.7% approval for the union of Germany and Austria. It may have been rigged.
The Munich Agreement:
This occurred on September 20, 1938.
The picture shows Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini, and Ciano before they signed the Munich Agreement.
The map shows Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Sudetenland, which Germany received as a result from the Munich Agreement.
The Munich Agreement was a settlement met by Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy. It permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland in western Czechoslovakia. Most of the citizens living there were German. All of Czechoslovakia’s border barriers were in Sudetenland and the country was completely defenseless without it. The prime ministers signed this agreement to avoid the outbreak of war.
Video on German appeasement: