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Agent Orange Vietnam
Transcript of Agent Orange Vietnam
Now times that by 5 million acres: that's about 25,000,000,000 people. Threats to Human and Ecological Health WARNING: THE FOLLOWING MAY CONTAIN SOME DISTURBING IMAGES. VIEWER DISCRETION IS ADVISED. Cultural Impacts Obstacles to Positive Change Agent Orange was not solely an American creation: the chemical was tested, developed and even used in Canada during the 1960s. Agent Orange, along with other herbicides, was tested in CFB Gagetown ( New Brunswick) for 3 days in June of 1966 and 4 days in June of 1967, using only 2 and a half barrels. This was to test the efficiency and the effect of the dioxin over a longer period of time. It is rumored that CFB Gagetown and other areas were sprayed constantly over a period of 28 years, but these have not been officially proven to be true.
In 2005, the Department of National Deference worked with Veterans Affairs Canada, Health Canada and others to get the straight facts about Agent Orange use in Canada. Their check insured that none of the herbicides were used at any other CF bases. Their records, though, didn't say whether the herbicides 2,4,5-T and 2,4-D
(Agent Orange) were used, stored or disposed at Carp, CFB Chatham, CFB Gagetown, CFB Borden and other sites.
Until the 1980s, Agent Orange was still used in Canada as a herbicide, to remove of brush, to clear away areas near roadsides, and areas around electrical poles.
REFERENCES The destruction was so great that the terms “ecological warfare” and later ‘ecocide’ were coined to describe it. The destruction was so great that the terms “ecological warfare” and later ‘ecocide’ were coined to describe it. http://www.agentorange.org.au/about-the-problem
http://www.boston.com/news/world/asia/2012/08/08/starts-landmark-agent-orange-cleanup vietnam/Ca7J7JfbgvfZ3Dbf8vCECN/story-1.html/ Law Suits The United States have yet to step up and claim responsibility for the spraying: much more is needed to be done. There are more than 20 Agent Orange hotspots and storage sites around Vietnam, which continue to pollute the water and environment around them. Money is needed to remove these remaining amounts of the chemical, as well as the ecosystems. Agent Orange is toxic, though, to anyone who makes any sort of contact with it, so more money is needed to keep clean-up safe. A large part of the Vietnamese culture is food. Unfortunately, dioxin is accumulative in the food chain, and can travel through water.
Rice, which is a cheap and common crop, is easily contaminated. Most people can't afford to not eat rice, which can increase their risk of contamination. 4.5 million Vietnamese, 100, 000s of American Soldiers and American manufacturers were exposed during the spraying.
TCDD can cause genetic mutations, mental and physical disabilities, genetic diseases, cancer, limb-loss, reproduction mutations (including inability to conceive).
1 million Vietnamese have disabilities, mainly children.
American soldiers were affected by Agent Orange, but their symptoms are much less severe and can rely on First World resources. The chemical was sprayed over the bush to kill it. 5 million acres of forest and crops were destroyed.
35 years later, the chemical is absorbed by the plants from contaminated water, which is then consumed.
Certain species can metabolize high levels of the dioxin safely, while others cannot handle 1 millionth of the amount. This can cause the destruction of species.
The dioxin is also accumulative, building up over time in the fatty tissue, and in the food chain.
The dioxin hot-spots leech into water sources, being consumed or absorbed by almost all species. Agent Orange has a half life of about 7 years, but when the chemical accumulates, it can take much longer for it to break down. If Agent Orange seeps into the ground, the half life increases significantly.
Families living in Vietnam and the United States require compensation as well as disability payment because of Agent Orange.
The U.S. Government has provided $9 million since 2007, and another $12 million will be given as well if a bill in Congress passes. Dioxin is a main component in Agent Orange. It is a persistent environmental pollutant which accumulates in the food chain (especially in fatty animal tissues). It is found naturally in the environment. More than 90% of human exposure is through food. Due to omnipresence of dioxin, everyone has safe background exposure: when these levels increase, it becomes dangerous. During the Vietnam war in the 1960s, the military of the United States sprayed millions of gallons of Silvex (as well as other herbicides) on trees and vegetation to stop enemy soldiers from hiding in the bush. The more common name for this chemical? Agent Orange. 35 years later, citizens of Vietnam and the United States, and other places around the globe, are still suffering from the spraying.
Hint: the chemical got its name from the coloured band that went around the barrels it was contained in. -Both Vietnamese and Americans have filled many lawsuits in the U.S courts, seeking compensation for their exposure to Agent Orange.
-The U.S government used the doctrine of sovereign immunity before using Agent Orange, meaning they can’t be sued.
-Because of shame the Supreme court has upheld the legality of doctrine and ruled against plaintiffs in cases affecting military veterans. -Some lawsuits have accused chemical companies of war crimes, for selling Agent Orange to the military.
-Companies like Dow, Monsanto, Hercules and Diamond Shamrock
-Some say they still have the right to sue because more information has been found on Agent Orange.
Chemical companies have been saying, in their own defense:
The Government ordered the companies to produce Agent Orange
Too much time has passed since Agent Orange's use for people to claim reparations
The connection isn't certain between Agent Orange and health problems