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Roles of Women in World War I
Transcript of Roles of Women in World War I
“There has been a sudden influx of women into such unusual occupations as bank clerks, ticket sellers, elevator operator, chauffeur, ect.” -Seattle Union Record. April 24, 1918
Women put up ads in newspaper because of their willingness to work Roles of Women in World War I Some women were used as nurses.
Women worked as factory workers. The job was dangerous, but very important.
Organizations like the Women's Land Army and the Women's Royal Airforce were women working men's former jobs.
Women also worked in the military. War Emergency Jobs The Red Cross used women to help with aid work.
The Patriotic League also did charity work for war services.
The Young Women Christian Association (YWCA) also gathered young women. Why did these women want to help? Women wanted to help for their country, they wanted a feeling of patriotism.
Harriot Stanton Blatch (1918) says she wanted to “mobilize women power”
She also stated U.S. women wanted to support the war effort was because of “Prussian culture which encouraged brute force, supported men’s domination of women and treated children harshly.” Harriot
Blatch Patriotic Respect Some feminists groups had given a new pledge- to support their respected government. By:
Emily Kidd Women's Royal Airforce Founded in 1918
Its purpose was to free up men in mechanics so they could go to war.
Woman volunteered in this as mechanics who worked on planes. Women's Military Jobs The Women's Land Army Most farm workers during this time were men.
As men went off to the war, women would do their farm work.
Women lived on the farms and worked 5 days a week.
Women who wanted to do this had to be interviewed, and if they passed got training for basic farm work, like milking cows and drainage. Women Fighting In The War At least 13,000 women were enlisted in the Navy and Marine Corpes alongside with men.
Before the war, the military barely let women in and when World War I broke out the government wanted women power.
These women fought with men and some even recieved military ranks. The Red Cross The American Red Cross were volunteers helping the soldiers with medical care.
When war broke out with Germany, Woodrow Wilson urged citizens to help the Red Cross in getting aid for soldiers overseas.
The Red Cross mainly wanted to serve the American forces, serve to the Allied military forces, limitedly serve the American and Allied prisoners of war and serve the civilian victims of war. The Patriotic League These women were a branch of the Patriotic League called the National Organization for Girls.
The girls were active in social service work and war services.
They would also donate clothing to soldiers. The Young Women Christian Association The YWCA thought it was their goal to train women to take the places of men.
From the training, womens work was strengthened as millions of men went off to war. Nurses At the beginning of World War I (1917), not many nurses were available.
By 1918, more than 12,000 nurses were on duty.
The Secretary of War authorized the Army School of Nursing which helped women prepare for medical situations in the war.
These women helped badly wounded soldiers and gave them medical treatment. Factory Workers While men went off to war, women did the important work in factories.
Women worked in ammunition factories, power machine operators, naval station machine shops and more.
Schools were made to train women in factory working; showing them how to upholster, trim and other factory jobs. Sources http://women-inwar2.tripod.com/
http://userpages.aug.com/captbarb/femvets4.html The 19th Amendment Because of the bravery displayed by women during the war and their ability to replace men in their jobs, President Woodrow Wilson gave a push to pass the 19th Amendment, stating no U.S. citizen should not be denied the right to vote because of gender. Conclusion World War I gave women a chance to prove their abilities to the world. Women took over 'manly' jobs, assisted medically and even fought alongside in the war. Their actions even encouraged an amendment to be passed. It was a guarantee women felt patriotism. Women had proven they were just as important in the war as men.