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Leadership and Legacy in History
Transcript of Leadership and Legacy in History
Introducing the History Day Theme
Must include both "leadership" and "legacy"
Look for a topic "in history"
“Act of leading: providing motivation, guidance or direction, usually from a position of authority.”
Raoul Wallenberg Passport Photo, Public Domain
"What is handed down to us from our ancestors or predecessors, what is left behind for future generations,such as ideas or accomplishments.”
Legacy can be:
Positive or Negative
Local or Global
Different in the short and long term
20+ years old, as a rule of thumb
Inventions are not leaders
Local leaders as agents of change for national causes
Successes and Failures
Failures of historical figures can have impacts on history, too.
Where to Look
Herline and Hensel, "Abraham Lincoln," 1860. Library of Congress.
Souza, Pete. Official Portrait of President-elect Barack Obama. Digital image. Library of Congress, 13 Jan. 2009.
Go beyond the event: Who was involved?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton's role
at the convention
"Completed product of a Great Automobile Factory Ready for Delivery, Detroit, MI." 1917. Library of Congress
"Thomas Edison's patent for light bulb," 1880. Ourgovernments.gov
Cuban Missile Crisis
Phil Stanziola, "800 Women Strikers for Peace," 1962. Library of Congress.
"A. Philip Randolph, Roy Wilkins, and Anna Arnold Hedgeman plan the route for the march." August 3, 1963. Library of Congress
March on Washington, 1963. Library of Congress
Go beyond Good vs. Bad
Historical Context is Key
Look "through their eyes"
What is "Legacy"?
Avoid "what if?" history
Inaction is an Action
Within a movement
1968-1972, "Richard Nixon." Library of Congress.
point of view on the situation?
make certain decisions, from their point of view?
Many factors contribute to an event.
“The Treaty of Versailles caused World War II.”
Taken from the US Department of State "Office of the Historian." https://history.state.gov/milestones/1914-1920/paris-peace
"If the South had won the Civil War, there would still be slavery."
Hartsook, photographer. Henry Ford, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left, 1919 (?). Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
"Ford Model T," artist unknown, 1915. Library of Congress.
Legacy is about more than “bringing it up to today.”
Rachel Carson's, "Silent Spring," 1962.
Crawford Studio, "Daniel Hale Williams," published in 1964. Library of Congress.
Reproduction of page from Leonardo daVinci's notebook, showing the operation of a mechanical wing, 1894-1904. Library of Congress.
Bob Dylan, Library of Congress
Jackie Robinson, Library of Congress
League of Women Voters.
Iipdigital.usembassy.gov/. AP Images, 1915. Web.
"Martin Luther King Jr.," December 3, 1963 at the White House. Library of Congress.
George Wallace, 1963. Library of Congress
"Woman fingerprinted. Mrs. Rosa Parks, Negro seamstress, whose refusal to move to the back of a bus touched off the bus boycott in Montgomery, Ala." 1956. Library of Congress
actions or decisions
Gandhi during the Salt March, 1930. History.com
Harry Truman, half-length portrait, facing front. Digital image. Library of Congress, 27 June 1945.
United States Air Force, "Nagasaki, Japan under atomic bomb attack," August 9, 1945. Library of Congress.
China's one child policy
"More than 140 Die as Flames Sweep through Three Stories," The New York Tribune (New York, NY), March 26, 1911, Page 1, Image 1, col. 2.
Chronicling America, Library of Congress.
MN Trucker Strike, 1934. MNHS Collections
Chiracahua Apache Indians After Training at the Carlisle Indian School, 1886 (photograph from the National Archives
W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt) Du Bois W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt) Du Bois, 1868-1963
Ida M. Tarbell. Digital image. Library of Congress, 1905
"If Truman didn't drop the atomic bomb, WWII would not have ended."
"If it weren't for Martin Luther King Jr., Barack Obama wouldn't be president."
setting the stage
in command of
in charge of
Connect in Project
Minnesota History Day - http://education.mnhs.org/historyday/topic-ideas
National History Day - http://www.nhd.org/
History Topics (MNHS Library) - http://sites.mnhs.org/library/history-topics-are-moving