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Mitochondria Presentation

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by

Gina Daniel

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of Mitochondria Presentation

Mitochondria The mitochondria are the batteries of the cell.
They produce energy through cellular respiration. Here is the formula in case you forgot.
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + energy The energy that is produced is in the
form of ATPs.
This process is much more efficient
than any other aerobic method. Mitochondria have a smooth outer membrane... ...and an inner folded membrane with many layers... ...which makes the layers called cristae.

The cristae separate the mitochondria's inside into two parts... ...the matrix, which lies in the inner membrane... ...and the intermembrane space, which lies in between the mitochondria's membranes. Mitochondria have their own DNA.
It produces proteins for the Mitochondria Because of the separate DNA it is thought that Mitochondria were previously prokaryote cells that lived in symbiosis with eukaryote cells. This is thought because:
it is surrounded by 2 membranes
same size as most prokaryotes
the cristae resemble parts of bacteria Dividing of Mitochondria The mitochondria divides itself in two so that one will go to each of the new cells in cell division. However... Most of the components for the replication of the mitochondria are found int he cell's DNA. Which means that the mitochondria could not replicate itself without the cell.
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