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MALAY INSTRUMENT

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aroyston heng

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of MALAY INSTRUMENT

BY"AROYSTON HENG KAI RU MALAY INSTRUMENT malay instrument creater:aroyston heng kai ru (3) Rebab kompang aerophones rebab contents and links 1st and 6th:rebab This article is about the bowed instrument. For the Central Asian plucked instrument known as the "Kabuli rebab", see Rubab. For the rebab used by Sikh musicians, known as the "Seni rebab", see Seni rebabThe rebab (Arabic or - "a bowed (instrument)"),[1] also rebap, rabab, rebeb, rababah, or al-rababa) is a type of string instrument so named no later than the 8th century and spread via Islamic trading routes[citation needed] over much of North Africa, the Middle East, parts of Europe, and the Far East. The bowed variety often has a spike at the bottom to rest on the ground, and is thus called a spike fiddle in certain areas, but plucked versions like the kabuli rebab (sometimes referred to as the robab or rubab) also exist. Furthermore, besides the spike fiddle variant, there also exists a variant with a pear-shaped body, quite similar to the Byzantine lyra and the Cretan lyra. This latter variant travelled to western Europe in the 11th century,[2] and became the rebec.
This article will only concentrate on the spike-fiddle rebab, which usually consists of a small, usually rounded body, the front of which is covered in a membrane such as parchment or sheepskin and has a long neck attached. There is a long thin neck with a pegbox at the end and there are one, two or three strings. There is no fingerboard. The instrument is held upright, either resting on the lap or on the floor. The bow is usually more curved than that of the violin.
The rebab, though valued for its voice-like tone, has a very limited range (little over an octave), and was gradually replaced throughout much of the Arab world by the violin and kemenche. It is related to the Iraqi instrument the Joza, which has four strings. Drums is a traditional musical instrument of the community's most popular Malay . It belongs to a group of musical instruments drums . Skin drums are usually made ​​of leather goat doe, yet contemporary, the skin is also made ​​of leather cow , buffalo and even synthetic rubber .

Normally, Seurat would cane inserted from the back between the skin and aims to tighten the surface of the wood frame drums, aims to strengthen the sound of drums. Now, plastic loop was used.

There are two drums of the face (no skin) is called callus. while, the body (wood) called baluh. Drums should be placed lifting or hiccup, a type called rod placed between the hides and baluh, this hiccup deletakkan aims to tighten the hides and cozy drums sound when struck.

This musical instrument comes from the world of Arabic and is believed to be brought into either Malaya during the time of the Melaka Sultanate by Indian traders, Muslim , or through Java in the 13th century by merchants Arabic .

Drums usually measuring sixteen inches in girth and covered with flakes of skin on the surface. It has a shallow openings and played with one hand while holding the beat with the other hand.





Photo behind the drums. Looks thick plastic loops used to tune the drums sound to squeeze between the frame and leather cover. At first, rattan used.

Way is to tap the drums beat skin drums with the fingers or palm of the hand to the beat. Drums are usually played during parades, feasts and other traditional ceremonies.

Different sounds are produced by means of openings distinguish palms. Sounds 'bum' obtained with applause at hand drums and palms dikuncup / close. A 'pack' obtained with applause in the middle finger drums with open arms.

Beating of drums is divided into 2 parts, beating traditional and modern beats or creative. Beatings tradition in which the beat is beating drums while menyayi or poetry in the Arabic version or the classic Malay bahsa. While modern scourge scourge which is also infused with movement or dance. In Sabah, drums competitions are often held to regain Malay art that was nearly extinct. An aerophone is any musical instrument that produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound. It is one of the four main classes of instruments in the original Hornbostel-Sachs scheme of musical instrument classification.

Hornbostel-Sachs divides aerophones by whether vibrating air is contained in the instrument itself or not.

The first class (41) includes instruments which, when played, do not contain the vibrating air. The bullroarer is one example. These are called free aerophones. This class includes free reed instruments, such as the harmonica, but also many instruments unlikely to be called wind instruments at all by most people, such as sirens and whips.

The second class (42) includes instruments which contain the vibrating air when being played. This class includes almost all instruments generally called wind instruments - including the didgeridoo, brass instruments (e.g., trumpet, french horn, trombone), and woodwind instruments (e.g., oboe, flute, saxophone, clarinet).

Additionally, very loud sounds can be made by explosions directed into, or being detonated inside of resonant cavities. Detonations inside the calliope (and steam whistle), as well as the pyrophone might thus be considered as class 42 instruments, despite the fact that the "wind" or "air" may be steam or an air-fuel mixture.

[edit]See also aerophone 2nd and 7th:kompang 3rd and 8th:aerophones http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page http://www.youtube.com/
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