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16th Century: Science, Technology & Inventions
Transcript of 16th Century: Science, Technology & Inventions
Arvi, Haider, Shaima, Jonathan
Science, Technology & Inventions
Beginning of modern era of:
Science In 16th Century
Published his theory that the Earth was not the center of the universe
Advancements were made in the theories of:
Made one of the first telescopes
Worked out the mathematical laws which govern the movements of the planets
Graphite pencil invented by Conrad Gesner
Bottled Beer invented in London
Knitting machine invented by William Lee
Zacharias Janssen invents the compound microscope
Galileo invents water thermometer
Thermometer was invented by Galileo Galilei， in 1593.
It consists of a sealed glass tube that filled with water, and several floating bubbles filled with colored water.
There is a little tag attached to each bubble to indicate the temperature.
The bubble will move up and down since the buoyancy of water is changed as the temperature changed.
The lowest bubble indicated the temperature.
Nowadays, Galileo’s invention is called the Galileo Thermometer, and mostly used as decoration.
Wheel musket invented
Leonardo Davinci designs a horizontal water wheel
Timeline Of Inventions
Used to cut various items
Double-Blade operation for maximum precision
Robert Hinchliffe produced the first pair of modern-day scissors. He was first "fine scissor manufacturer"
William Whiteley & Sons (Sheffield) Ltd. was the main manufacturing company of modern scissors in the 16th century
The Gregorian Calendar
(Its a toilet, sort of)
A primitive washroom
Not very sanitary
Waste usually flows into the streets
A closet with a small bowl of water connected to a plumbing system
Used to turn wool into yarn
Powered by a person's foot
Wool is winded onto a spool
Can be used to make different thicknesses
Yarn later used to make fabrics
Flush toilet invented by Sir John Harington
The Compound Microscope
Invented by Hans Lippershey & Zacharias Janssen
The Graphite Pencil
Appearing in the Netherlands in the late 1500s
Graphite was discovered by Gary Knotts in England during the early 1500s.
The Printing Press:
Invented in 1450 by Johannes Gutenburg
Made it easier to widely spread information
In the late 16th century, pencils were considered as very valuable gift for artists.
Conrad Gesnar later was the first to invent the pencil and the first to document with it
Used to write documents by hand
Primary Firearm at the time
Function: To publish books
Created to help examine the world of microbes & cell
The musket was found to be slow to reload and very inaccurate when used to shoot a target far away
Made in 16th Century Spain
The calendar is named after Pope Gregory XIII
First introduced in 1582
The calendar was a refinement of the Julian Calendar
The calendar is internationally the most widely used civil calendar
A musket was usually 4-5 ft long and weighed 20 pounds