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16th Century: Science, Technology & Inventions

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Shaima Alarasi

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of 16th Century: Science, Technology & Inventions

Scissors
16th Century:
Thermometer

Arvi, Haider, Shaima, Jonathan
Science, Technology & Inventions
16th Century:
Beginning of modern era of:
Science
Exploration
Religious urmoil
Remarkable literature
Science In 16th Century
Nicholas Copernicus:
Published his theory that the Earth was not the center of the universe
Advancements were made in the theories of:
mathematics,
cosmography
geography
natural history
Galileo:
Made one of the first telescopes
Kepler
Worked out the mathematical laws which govern the movements of the planets
1565:
Graphite pencil invented by Conrad Gesner
1568:
Bottled Beer invented in London
1589:
Knitting machine invented by William Lee
1590:
Zacharias Janssen invents the compound microscope
1593:
Galileo invents water thermometer
Thermometer was invented by Galileo Galilei, in 1593.

It consists of a sealed glass tube that filled with water, and several floating bubbles filled with colored water.

There is a little tag attached to each bubble to indicate the temperature.

The bubble will move up and down since the buoyancy of water is changed as the temperature changed.

The lowest bubble indicated the temperature.

Nowadays, Galileo’s invention is called the Galileo Thermometer, and mostly used as decoration.
1500:
Wheel musket invented
1510:
Leonardo Davinci designs a horizontal water wheel
Timeline Of Inventions
Used to cut various items

Double-Blade operation for maximum precision

Robert Hinchliffe produced the first pair of modern-day scissors. He was first "fine scissor manufacturer"

William Whiteley & Sons (Sheffield) Ltd. was the main manufacturing company of modern scissors in the 16th century

The Gregorian Calendar
Water Closet
(Its a toilet, sort of)
A primitive washroom

Not very sanitary

Waste usually flows into the streets
Spinning Wheel
A closet with a small bowl of water connected to a plumbing system
Used to turn wool into yarn

Powered by a person's foot

Wool is winded onto a spool

Can be used to make different thicknesses
of yarn

Yarn later used to make fabrics
1591:
Flush toilet invented by Sir John Harington
The Compound Microscope
Invented by Hans Lippershey & Zacharias Janssen
The Graphite Pencil
Appearing in the Netherlands in the late 1500s
Graphite was discovered by Gary Knotts in England during the early 1500s.
The Printing Press:
Invented in 1450 by Johannes Gutenburg
Made it easier to widely spread information
In the late 16th century, pencils were considered as very valuable gift for artists.
Conrad Gesnar later was the first to invent the pencil and the first to document with it
Used to write documents by hand
The Musket
Primary Firearm at the time
Function: To publish books
Created to help examine the world of microbes & cell
The musket was found to be slow to reload and very inaccurate when used to shoot a target far away
Made in 16th Century Spain
The calendar is named after Pope Gregory XIII
First introduced in 1582
The calendar was a refinement of the Julian Calendar
The calendar is internationally the most widely used civil calendar
A musket was usually 4-5 ft long and weighed 20 pounds
Full transcript