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Malnutrition in Different Countries

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Chelsea Arceo

on 29 October 2014

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Transcript of Malnutrition in Different Countries

Malnutrition
In Different Countries
Malnutrition in the
United States of America
Malnutrition in Haiti
Malnutrition in
the Philippines

Hunger vs. Malnutrition
Hunger is the body's sign that it needs food.
Once we've eaten enough food to satisfy our bodies' needs, hunger goes away until our stomachs are empty again.
Malnutrition is not the same thing as hunger.
Children who are chronically malnourished lack the nutrients needed for proper health and development.
Children can be malnourished for a long or short person of time, and the condition may be mild or severe.
Children who are malnourished are more likely to get sick and in severe cases, might even die.
Symptoms of Malnutrition
Fatigue and low energy
Dizziness
Poor immune function
Dry, scaly skin
Swollen and bleeding gums
Decaying teeth
Underweight
Poor growth
Muscle weakness
Bloated stomach
Problems learning
Problems with organ function
Slowed reaction times and trouble paying attention
Osteoporosis, or fragile bones that break easily
What Malnutrition does to Children
Malnutrition among children include health consequences, behavioral impacts, and academic outcomes.
Insufficient food supply is associated with an increased incidence of behaviors problems in children, including higher levels of aggression, hyperactivity and anxiety.
Malnourished children are more likely to develop frequent illnesses and infections such as sore throats, colds, stomach aches, headaches, and iron deficiency anemia.
Research reveals that food-insecure children have greater difficulty getting along with other children, increased chances of being suspended from school and a greater need for mental health counseling.
What Malnutrition does to Children (Pt.2)
Research strongly suggests that children who live in households with insufficient access to food are more likely to be in poorer health than children from food-sufficient households.
Even the mildest form of malnutrition can limit a child's ability to understand basic skills and reduce overall learning potential.
Fortunately, many of the harmful effects of malnutrition can be reversed, especially if a child is only mildly of briefly malnourished.
Food Insecurity
As many as 16 million children in the United States are struggling with what is known as food insecurity.
20 percent or more of the child population in 37 states lived in food-insecure households.
In 2012, the top five states with the highest rate of food-insecure children under 18 were New Mexico, Mississippi, Arizona, Georgia, and Nevada.
Households with low food security were more likely to report they reduced the quality and variety of children's means, rather than reducing the amount of food they gave children.
Households with very low food security among children reported going without food, or reducing the amount of food, due to lack of money to buy food.
Major Food Programs in the U.S.
S.N.A.P - Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
W.I.C - Women, Infants, and Children
Head Start - Program focuses on assisting preschool aged children from low-income families by providing education, health, and nutrition.
National School Lunch Program - Children get breakfast and lunch for free while in school.
Summer Food Service Program - Feeding children during the summer when they are not in school
Malnourished Children in America
Background on the Country
Haiti is located in the Caribbean Islands.
The island where Haiti resides is divided in two countries; Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
27,750 square kilometers = 10,715 square miles
Estimated of about 10.7 million people
Official languages are Haitian Creole and French.
Malnutrition in Haiti
Malnutrition remains among the most critical worldwide problem that affect children, particularly in the undeveloped countries. In Haiti 300,000 children suffer from Chronic Malnutrition, 22 percent of these children are aged from
6 to 59 months
. (UNICEF, 2011).
Case of Children Malnutrition in Haiti in 2008
After suffering from unthinkable malnutrition at least 26 expire in Haiti.
Causes of Malnutrition
Under Development and Poverty
Agricultural Problems/ Underproduction
Natural Catastrophes/ Inundation, Erosion, Earthquake
Unemployment/ Economics' Problem
Transportation Difficulties/ Waste of Products
Conversation Problems/ Wasting of Product
Energy Problem, Lack of Water/Cooking time, Lack of Education
Haiti's Reality after the Earthquake
Haiti's Reality after the Earthquake (Pt.2)
Haiti's Reality
Prevention Measures
Some nonprofit organizations are providing services to the populations in need, by supporting low incomes families particularly pregnant women and children to fight against hunger and malnutrition.
Some of them are:
UNICEF
World Vision
World Food Program
Global Health Care etc.
Background on the Country
The Philippines is located in Southeast Asia between the South China Sea and Western Pacific Ocean.
Made up of 7,107 islands
300,000 square kilometers = 115,831 square miles
Population of 98.39 million people
Official languages are Filipino and English
Who is affected?
Those who live in remote rural and urban areas
Poor health conditions
Lack of access to health services
Unsanitary Conditions
Poverty stricken
Insufficient Food Supplies
Nutrient-poor diets
Poor feeding and care practices
How are they affected?
Malnutrition in the Philippines
Ranks 28th in the world when it comes to hunger
Remains a serious problem in the country
One of the biggest problems in the nation and mostly affect children
Malnutrition is the underlying cause of at least 35% of deaths among children under the age of 5
Damages all parts of health
Physical Development
Underweight
Stunts growth
Internally
Iron-deficiency anemia
Protein-energy malnutrition
Mentally
Brain development
Reel Time: Bone Dry
Winner of 2013 Asia-Pacific Child Rights Award
This documentary tells the story of Mary Rose, a girl from a very poor family living in a slum.
10:10-11:15
Help for the Malnourished
Feeding programs all over the country
Soup Kitchens
Feed the Hungry Inc.
Gift Giving Project
Philippine Food Assistance Program
Other Sources of Help
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
UNICEF Philippines
World Vision
What is Malnutrition?
According to the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Malnutrition is a broad term commonly used as an alternatives to under nutrition but technically it also refers to over nutrition.
In resume, malnutrition is the condition that occurs when your body does not get enough nutrients or excess of nutrients.
Chronic Malnutrition
Chronic Malnutrition can results from factors for example:
Child's weight at birth,
how they are fed as infants,
whether they suffer frequent bouts of diseases,
the quality of their diet and nutritional intake,
their mother's nutritional status at conception and during pregnancy, environmental hygiene.
In 2006
According to the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in Haiti in 2006, 1/5 of children under 5 years of age were underweight and almost a third were suffering from chronic malnutrition. Malnutrition is the cause of 35% of the deaths in Haitian children less than 5 years. Also 75% of children 6-23 months.
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