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Gender Equality

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Ashley Davis

on 8 May 2014

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Transcript of Gender Equality

Gender Equality
The idea of "gender equality" will not always have exact balance and it will never be fully equal.
If we were to all be exactly equal in every way...

If we were to all have the exact same rights, then we would be treated as an equal in every other aspect as well.

The rights guaranteed in Amendment Fourteen are sometimes denied due to a person's gender.
The definition of politics is, "activities that relate in influencing the actions and policies of a government or getting and keeping power in a government."

According to this definition, the issue of gender equality is a political issue and the government also has an impact.

To group all men and all women together is both equally false and a form of gender discrimination.

A person's individual freedom is more important than the
majority rules
- the policy that the opinions of the majority of an organization can ultimately make decisions for the entire group- but unfortunately, that is not always the reality.

Political participation extends beyond parties

Women can also become involved in certain aspects of the electoral process through independent action- particularly at the local level- and by joining civil society organizations.
Despite the increasing presence of women American politics, gender stereotypes still exist.

Whether it be in support of men or women, there are several organized interest groups that would support of issue of gender equality.
Political parties are among the most important institutions affecting women's political participation.
The Constitution

In order to determine the reason that public opinion and public policy are concerned with gender equality, or lack there of, we must first discover what gender differences exist and why.

In the Constitution, the nineteenth Amendment states, "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."

According to our Constitution, Congress plays a huge role in passing laws.
When it comes to Congress, women do not make up a huge portion of it.

But, there are no limitations when it comes to women's rights. Women have every chance, as do men, to be elected.

The president included the topic of gender equality in his address to the union. However, it is a very open ended topic that is typically not considered in the budget at all.
The presidency is an institution in our system with significant power.
The first amendment states the freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition.

Without the freedom of speech and assembly, gender equality would not be where it is today.
Many steps have been taken in order in order to reduce the gender gap.

If total equality is to be met in American society, then expectations about each gender need to change.

Equal protection is in the fourteenth amendment.

"Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prevents sexual (as well as racial) discrimination in hiring, pay, and promotions."

Ashley Davis, Alanna Maris, Tiffany Hennessey, and Olivia Primm
"Gender equality is not a woman's issue, it's a human issue. It affects us all." - unknown
When a woman comes to the table, a man is expected to rise for the occasion.
When going to dinner, a man is expected to pay for the meal.
A lot of women are not expected to work, while men offer to handle that end of the deal.
Women would not wear makeup.
Both would dress the same.
Men would not be expected to open the door or pay for the meal.
Societal norms would change completely if everything were 100 % equal between genders.
Many may not know it, but women actually have the better end of the deal when it comes to equality.
Some rules restrict women from participating in certain things, but the reason is because women have always been portrayed and treated as more gentle beings than men.
Traditionally in American culture..
"Politics is more difficult than physics. " - Albert Einstein
Not all genders are paid equally, and if they are performing the same job and putting in as much effort, then they should by all means have equal pay.
Federalism is defined by "the power that is distributed throughout the government."
Without the evolution of federalism, each gender would still be held to strict social expectations and stuck in the roles there were decided hundreds of years ago.
It wasn't until the addition of the nineteenth Amendment in 1920 that the right of women to vote in all elections was granted.
When it comes to the electoral processes, participation involved much more than just voting.
It derives from...
The freedom to speak out
The ability to take part in the conduct of public affairs
The opportunity to register as a candidate, to campaign, and to be elected and to hold office at all levels of government.
In 1981, President Ronald Reagan named Sandra Day O'Connor as the first female Supreme Court Justice.

Currently, three of the nine sitting justices are women.

Congress has the power to make laws and headway when it comes to gender equality, and it ultimately decides what parts of gender equality are the most important.
The government, especially the president, has the power to bring up issues that may have been overlooked in the past, such as gender equality.
"Of all the nasty outcomes predicted for women's liberation, none was more alarming than the suggestion that women would eventually become just like men." - Barbara Ehrenreich
According to our government book, affirmative actions is:

"Any program, whether enacted by a government or a private organization, whose goal is to overcome the results of past unequal treatment of minorities and/or women by giving members of these groups preferential treatment in admissions, hiring, promotions, or other aspects of life."
Gender equality will never be 100% equal, nor should we expect it to.
Full transcript