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Inaara Jamal

on 5 June 2014

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Transcript of Dance


Professional dancers are usually employed on contract or for particular performances or productions. The professional life of a dancer is generally one of constantly changing work situations, strong competitive pressure and low pay. Consequently, professional dancers often must supplement their incomes to achieve financial stability. In the U.S. many professional dancers belong to unions that establish working conditions and minimum salaries for their members.

Dance is a type of art that generally involves movement of the body, often rhythmic and to music. Dance movements may be without significance in themselves, as in ballet or European folk dance, or have a gestural vocabulary or symbolic meaning as in some Asian dances.
It is not possible to say when dance became part of human culture, but archeological evidence indicates dance has been an important part of ceremony, rituals, celebrations and entertainment since the earliest human civilizations. One of the earliest structured uses of dances may have been the telling of myths. Before the invention of written languages, dance was one of the methods of passing stories down from generation to generation.Dance can be categorized in various ways, such as by the number of interacting dancers, as in solo dance, partner dance and group dance, or by purpose, as in ceremonial dance, erotic dance, performance dance, and social dance.

Dance Teachers
Dance teachers typically focus on teaching dance performance, or coaching competitive dancers, or both. They typically have performance experience in the types of dance they teach or coach. For example, dancesportteachers and coaches are often tournament dancers or former dancesport performers.
Dance teachers may be self-employed, or employed by dance schools or general education institutions with dance programs. Some work for university programs or other schools that are associated with professional classical dance or modern dance companies. Others are employed by smaller, privately owned dance schools that offer dance training and performance coaching for various types of dance.

Cultural dances are so precious to many civilizations, as they often contain pieces of their history and livelihood that would otherwise be lost.

Australia can often seem a world of its own, and there are a wide variety of dances this continent plays host to. In modern times, Bollywood has dominated the dancing trends of this Asian country, much as how Hollywood has directed America toward hip hop dancing and social dance. While most cultural dances are limited to a certain area of the world, folk dancing has enjoyed wide exposure and popularity internationally. In fact, International Folk Dance itself is a wonderful fusion of multiple ethnic groups performing various dances as one. All cultural dances have experienced an evolution, where traditional standards were either upheld or given up to more modern style choices. No matter what direction they have taken, cultural dances continue to hold our history, our livelihood, and our passions as a person.

“Dance, when you're broken open. Dance, if you've torn the bandage off. Dance in the middle of the fighting. Dance in your blood. Dance when you're perfectly free.”
― Rumi

“Dance is the hidden language of the soul”
― Martha Graham

[“Almost nobody dances sober, unless they happen to be insane.”
― H.P. Lovecraft

Types of Dances
Acharuli (Georgian folk dance)
Acro dance
Ardha (Arab tribal war dance)
Argentine Tango
Arkan (Ukrainian, Hutsul)
Attan (Pashtun)
Azonto (Ghanaian dance)
Types of Dances
Baba Karam (Persian, Folk)
Bachata (Latin Club, Folk)
Baagh Naach (Folk dance from Odisha, India)
Bagurumba (Folk dance of Assam, North-east India)
Balboa (Swing)
Ballet, category, also known as classical dance
Ballos (Burçak tarlası oyunu)(Greece), (Turkey)
Ballroom dance, category
Ballu tundu (Sardinia)
Bandari dance
Bardo Chham (Folk dance of Arunachal, North-east India)
Barn dance, category
Baroque dance, category
Barynya (Russian, folk)
Basse danse (also Basse-dance, Bassadanse, Bassadanze. French and Italian Renaissance dances)
Basque dance
BBoying (Breakdance)
Belly dance
Beguine, dance of Caribbean origin
Bereznianka (Ukrainian, Carpathian Ruthenia)
Bergamask (Be dance, from Bergamo, Italy

Bharatanatyam (Indian classical dance)
Big Apple (Line dance)
Bihu dance (Folk dance of Assam, India)
Black Bottom (see Lindy Hop)
Blues (Club dance, Swing)
Bolero (American Ballroom, Cuban, European)
Bomba (African, Caribbean)
Bon Odori (Japanese)
Boogie-woogie (Swing)
Bop, see Bop music, also ABA at List of dance organizations
Bossa nova (Brazilian, see Bossa nova music)
Borrowdale (Zimbabweean, see Museve music)
Bourrée (historical)
Branle (Bransle) (historical)
Breakaway (see Lindy Hop)
Bergamask (Be dance, from Bergamo, Italy
Bhangra (Folk Dance of Northern India)
Bhangra (Folk Dance of Northern India)
Types of Dance
Capreco From Angola
Cat Daddy
Cajun dance, (Louisiana, USA Regional, Cajun)
Cajun Jig or Cajun One Step
Cajun Jitterbug and Two Step
Cajun Waltz
Cakewalk (Swing)
Calypso (Caribbean)
Candombe (Uruguayan)
Canaries dance (historical, Renaissance, court)
Can-can (Cancan, can can)
Capoeira (dance and
martial art, Brazilian)
Caporales (Bolivia)
Cariñosa (dance of love) Philippines
Carol (Medieval)
Castle Walk
Căluş (Romanian ritual dance)
Ceroc (Modern Jive, Club)
Chaabi (Moroccan Berber dance)
Chacarera (Argentina)
Cha cha cha or Cha cha (Cuba, Latin Ballroom Social)

Cha-Cha Slide (dance)(African American, Party Social Event)
Chamame (Chamamé, Argentina)
Chasapiko (Greece)
Chicken Dance
Chicken Noodle Soup
Chhau dance (Folk Dance of Odisha, India)
Chodzony (Poland)
Chula (Southern Brasil)
Cinquepace, Cinque-pace
Circassian Dance
Circle dance

Collegiate shag
Contact improvisation
Contemporary dance
Contra dance
Cordax Greek / Roman erotic dance
Cossack dance
Country/western dance
Country dance
Country/Western Two-step
Courante (historical)
Court dance
Csárdás (Folk, Hungarian; also variants in Slovak dances, Rusyn dances, (Ukrainian dances, Lemko dances))
Cuarteto (Argentina)
Cueca (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile)
Cumbia (Colombia, Club)
Cumbia Villera (Argentina)
Cupid Shuffle

Types of Dance
Dabke (Arab folk dance native to the Levant)
Dalkhai (Folk dance from Western Odisha, India)
Dances of Universal Peace
Danda nata (Folk dance from Odisha, India)
Dandia (Folk dance of Gujarat, India)
Dabke (Levantine)
Danza de tijeras (Peru)
Diablada (Bolivia, Chile, Peru)
Dilan (a Kurdish dance, Iran, Turkey, Iraq)
Dappan koothu
Dragon dance
Drobushki (Russia)
Dubotanets (Ukrainian)
Dutty Wine - a West Indian, Dancehall-inspired dance

Types of Dance
East Coast Swing
Electro dance
Electric Slide
English Country Dance
Ethnic dance
Etighi [Nigeria]

Types of Dance
Fan dance (Chinese or burlesque)
Fandango (Spain)
Farandole (Provençal)
Faroese dance
Flamenco (Spanish/gypsy)
Folk dance
Formation dance
Forró (dance from northeast of Brazil)
Foxtrot (Ballroom Social)
Freak dancing
The Freddy

Types of Dance
Garba (folk dance of state of Gujarat, India)
Gankino (Bulgaria)
Gangnam Style
Gavotte (Brittany), Gavot (historical)
Gaudiya Nritya (West Bengal, India)
Ghoomar (Folk Dance of Rajasthan, Northern India)
Ghumura Dance (Folk dance of Kalahandi, Orissa/Odisha, India).
Giddha (Folk dance of Northern India)
Gotipua (Odisha, India)
Grizzly Bear
Guapacha (dance)
Guedra (Moroccan Berber Tuareg dance)
Gumboot dance (Africa)
Types of Dance
Haka (Māori)
Hakken (Dutch)
Halay (Turkish, Folk)
Halparki (Kurdish)
Hambo (Scandinavian, Folk)
Hand jive
Hardcore Dancing (Urban American Hardcore)
Harlem Shake
Hasapiko (Greece)
Highland dancing
Hip hop dance
Historical dance
Hitch hike
Hokey Pokey, also known as Hokey-cokey, Okey-cokey
Holubka (Ukrainian, Hutsul, Bukovina, Carpathian Ruthenia)
Humppa (see Music of Finland)
Hopak (Ukrainian)
Hopak-Kolom (Ukrainian)
House dance
Hora (many named versions; folk, Bulgarian, Israeli, Romanian, Ukrainian)
Horon (Turkish, Folk)
Hornpipe (Ireland)
Huaylas (Peru)
Huayno (Peru)
Hully Gully
Hustle and its variant, New York Hustle (Club)
Latin Hustle
Hutsulka (Ukrainian, Hutsuls)

Types of Dance
Ice dancing
Ikariotikos (Greece)
Improv Tribal Style Belly Dance
Intercessory dance
International folk dance
Interpretive dance
Irish Dance
Irish Sean-Nós Dance
Irish Stepdance
Israeli folk dancing

Japanese traditional dance (Japanese)
Jarabe tapatío
Jazz dance
Jenkka (see Music of Finland)
Jig Ireland
Jig (Scottish country)
Jitterbug (Swing)
Cajun Jitterbug
Jitterbug Stroll (Line dance, Swing)
Jive (Ballroom, International Latin)
Joged (Indonesian)
John Wall dance
Jota (Spanish dance)
Jove Malaj Mome (Bulgarian folk dance)
Jumpstyle (Techno based dance)
Types of Dance
Types of Dance

Kalymnikos (Greece)
Kamarinskaya (Russia)
Karsilama (Antikrystos, Marinella) (Greece, Gypsy)
Karşılama (Serbia, Iran, Turkey)
Kathak (Classical Indian Dance)
Kathakali (India, incorporates dance)
Kazachok (Russia)
Keisabadi (Folk dance from Odisha, India)
Kerala Natanam (Indian Dance created by Guru Gopinath)
Khasapiko (Greece)
Khattak Dance (Pashtun)
Kizomba (Angola)
Kolo (Slavic)
Khon (Thai dance)
Kleistos (Greece)
Klezmer (Israeli Jewish)
Koftos (Greece)
Kolbasti (Turkey)
Kolomyjka (Ukrainian)
Kopanitsa (Bulgaria)
Kotsari (Armenian: Քոչարի; Turkish: Koçari; Greek: Κότσαρι; Georgian: ქოჩარი; Laz: Koçari; Azerbaijani: Köçəri)
Kozachok (Ukrainian)
Krakowiak (Poland)
Krishnanattam (India)
Kuchipudi (Classical Indian Dance)
Kurdish dance (Iran and Iraq)
Kujawiak (Poland)
Kushtdepdi (Turkmen)
Types of Dance

La Cucaracha
Lambeth Walk
Landler (Quadrille)
Lap dance
Latin dance
Ländler (Austria)
Lerikos (Greece)
LeRoc (Modern Jive, Ceroc)
Letkajenkka (also known as Letkis, Letkajenka, Letkiss, Letka-Enka, Let's Kiss Jenka, La Yenka)
Leventikos (Greece)
Limbo (dancers pass under horizontal pole)
Lindy Hop (Swing)
Line dance
Lion dance
Liscio (Italian traditional music and dance inspired to Waltz,Polka and Mazurka)
Long Sword
Loure (historical)
Types of Dance

Macarena (Spain)
Madison (Line dance)
Maglalatik (Folk Dance of Philippines)
Mambo (American Ballroom, of Cuban origin)
Maneo (Galicia, Spain)
Manila Swing
Manipuri (Classical Indian Dance)
Marimba (Guatemala)
Marinera (Peru)
Matachin (Matachines)
Maypole dance
Maxixe (Social)
Mazur (dance) (Poland)
Medieval dance
Melbourne Shuffle (Australia)
Merengue (Latin Club)
Metelytsia ((Ukrainian), khorovod)
Milonga (see Argentine Tango)
Morenada (Bolivia)
Modern dance
Modern Jive
Mohiniyattam (Indian classical dance)
Molly dance
Morris dance
Muiñeira (Galicia, Spain)
Muiñeira ribeirana
Muiñeira vella

Nama Stap (Namibia)
Novelty and fad dances
The Nutbush
Nacnī (Folk dance from Odisha/Orissa)

Types of Dance
Types of Dance
Oberek (also called Obertas or Ober, Poland)
Odissi aka Orissi (Odisha, India)

Types of Dance
Palo de Mayo (Nicaragua), Afro-Caribbean influence, not to be confused with Maypole dance
Panthi (Folk dance of Chhattisgarh, India)
Pantsula (South Africa)
Parasol dance (Japan)
Partner dance
Participation dance
Para Para
Passacaglia (Passacaille) (historical)
Passepied (historical)
Paso Doble (Spanish Ballroom, International Latin)
Pavane (historical)
Peabody (ballroom)
Peewee style (originated by Pee-wee Herman in Pee-wee's Big Adventure)
Pentozalis (Greece)
Persian dance (Iran).
Pidikhtos (Greece)
Kastrinos Pidikhtos (Greece)
Malevyziotiko Pidikhtos (Greece)
Pendozalis (Greece)
Pogo (A punk dance, consisting of jumping up and down)
Pogonisios (Greece)
Pole dancing
Polka - many named versions (Ballroom, Folk, Historical)
Pols (Norway, Folk, see Polska)
Polska (pl.: Polskor; Sweden, Folk)
Pom Squad
Pop, Lock, and Drop It (Hip hop)
Prophetic dance
Pryvit (Ukrainian)
Punta (Honduras)
Push (Swing, Texas)
Pyrrhichios (Dance from Pontos; Greek Black Sea)
Types of Dance
Qasemabadi (a northern Persian style)
Quickstep (Ballroom)
Quebradita (Mexico)
Types of Dance

Rain dancing
Ramvong (Cambodia)
Rapper sword
Raut Nacha (Folk dance of Chhatisgarh, India)
Raqs Sharqi ("belly dance")
Rebetiko dances (Greece)
Reel (Irish and Scottish)
Regency dance
Renaissance dance
Rieldans, traditional Khoikhoi dance from South Africa and Namibia
Rigaudon, Rigadoon
Robot dance
Rock and Roll
Acrobatic Rock'n'Roll
Round dance (two kinds: circular chain, couples)
Rumba (Ballroom: International Latin & American Rhythm, Folk)
Cuban Rumba (Ballroom dance as of the beginning of the century, e.g., "The Peanut Vendor" piece)
Types of Dance

Single Swing (Single Time Swing)
Sirtaki (Syrtaki, Zorba) (Greece)
Skank (dance)
Skip jive
Slängpolska (Sweden, Folk, see Polska)
Slip jig (Ireland)
Slow dance
Slow Foxtrot - also known as Foxtrot and Slowfox (Ballroom)
Social dance
Son (Mayan, Guatemala/Mexico)
Sousta (Greece)
Bulgarian Sousta (Greece)
Cretan Sousta (Greece)
Dodecanese Sousta (Greece)
Macedonian Sousta (Greece)
Megarian Sousta (Greece)
Square dance
Traditional square dance
Modern Western square dance
Stage diving
Stanky Legg (GS Boys)
Step dance Ireland
Street dance

Salsa (Latin Club)
Salsa Rueda (Latin Club, Round)
Saltatio (Roman)
Sambalpuri (India)
Samba dance
Samba de Gafieira
Samba (ballroom)
Sarabande (Saraband)
Sardana (Catalonia)
Sattriya dance (Assam, India)
Saya (Bolivia)
Scottish country dance
Scottish highland dance
Sean-Nós Dance (Ireland - Irish Dance in Sean Nós "Old Style")
Seguidilla (Spanish, folk)
Sequence dance
Serra (Greece)
Set Dance Ireland
Sevillana (Spain)
Sega (Mauritius Island)
Shag (Swing)

Swing (both as family of dances and as specific Texas dance)
Swing Jive (Modern Jive, Club)
Swing Roc (Modern Jive, Club)
Suzie Q
Syrtos (Greece)
Cretan Syrtos (Greece)
Kalamatianos Syrtos (Mainland Syrtos) (Greece)
Kapoutzidon Syrtos (Greece)
Nisiotiko Syrtos (Island Syrtos) (Greece)
Silyvriano Syrtos (Greece)
Types of Dance
Tambourin (Provençal)
Tango (Argentina) (Ballroom, Social, Club)
Argentine Tango - also known as Tango Argentino (Social)
Uruguayan Tango - also known as Tango Uruguayo (Social)
Ballroom Tango - competitive and social dance styles
Brazilian Tango - see Maxixe
Finnish tango
Chinese tango
Tanoura (Egyptian dance)
Tap Charleston (see Lindy Hop)
Tap dance
Tarantella (Italian, folk)
Tau'olunga (Tongan or Samoan - Polynesian origins)
Tecktonik ("tck")
Temani (Israeli Jewish dance)
Texas Tommy (see Lindy Hop)
Tinikling (Philippines)
Time Warp
Tinku (Bolivia, Peru)
Tondero (Peru)
Tourdion (historical)
Traditional dance
Tranky Doo (Swing, Line dance)
Trata (Greece)
Trepak (Russian, folk)
Tribal Style Belly Dance
Troika (Folk, Russian, Cajun)
Tropotianka (Ukrainian, Rusyn, Carpathian Ruthenia, Bukovina, Hutsuls)
Troubadou (Haiti)
Tsakonikos (Greece)
Tsamiko (Greece)
Tsifteteli (Tsifte-Teli) (Çifte-telli) (Turkish) (Greece)(Gypsy)(Arabic)
Tsirigotikos (Kythiraikos, Bourdaris) (Greece)
Tsyganochka, ("Gypsie Girl") Russian
Cajun Two Step
Country/Western Two-step
Nightclub two-step - also known as California Two-step, abbrn: NC2S
Progressive Double Two

Types of Dance
Universal Peace, Dances of
Ukrainian dance
Upa or Upa Habanera, claimed by some to be the origin of merengue music and dance.
Uvyvanets (Ukrainian, Carpathian Ruthenia, Rusyns, Lemkos, Hutsuls)
Types of Dance
Valeta (a dance to waltz music)
Vals (Argentina, tango style)
Valse à deux temps (Valse à deux pas)
Vesnianka (Ukrainian, a type of khorovod)
Vintage dance
Vogue (dance)
Volte (also Volta, La volta, or Lavolta, Renaissance)

Types of Dance

Waltz (ballroom, social)
Boston (dance)
Walking Boston
Cajun Waltz
Dream Waltz
Elizabeth Waltz
Cross-step waltz
Five-step Waltz (Five Step Waltz)
Hesitation Waltz
Slow waltz - known as Waltz in ballroom context (ballroom)
Viennese Waltz (ballroom, social)
Valse à deux temps (Valse à deux pas)
Watusi (fad dance)
West Coast Swing ("WCS"; Swing, United States)
Western swing (United States)
Sophisticated Swing (an older name of WCS)
Western promenade dance
Whip (Swing, Texas)
Wolosso (Ivory Coast)
Worship dance

Types of Dance

Xibelani (traditional Shangaan (South Africa))
Xuc (Traditional dance of El Salvador)

Types of Dance
Yablochko (Russian, folk)
Yahoozee (Nigeria)
Yakshagana (Karnataka, India)
Yerakina (Greece)
Yowla (rifle dance from (UAE)
Types of Dance
Zamacueca (Peru)
Zamba (Argentina)
Zapateado (Spain)
Zapin (Malay traditional dancing, Malaysia)
Zeibekiko (also spelled Zeibetiko, Zembetiko, Zebetiko, and Zembekiko; Greece)
Zeibeks (Turkey)
Zonaradiko (Thrace)
Zorba's dance, another name for Sirtaki (of Greek origin)
Zouk (Brazil, Haiti, Guadeloupe, Martinique)
Zouk-Lambada (Brazil)
Zumba (Colombia)
Zydeco (Louisiana, U.S.)

Dance Education
Dance education emerged as an academic discipline in the early 1920s, and by the late 20th century, recognition of the academic value of practical knowledge led to the acceptance of practice research in academic dance education programs. Today dance studies are offered through the arts and humanities programs of many higher education institutions, leading to Bachelor of Arts and higher academic degrees. A dance study curriculum may encompass a diverse range of courses and topics, including dance practice and performance, choreography, ethnochoreology, dance notation, and dance therapy.

Choreographers are often university trained and are typically employed for particular projects or, more rarely may work on contract as the resident choreographer for a specific dance company.

A dance competition is an organized event in which contestants perform dances before a judge or judges for awards, and in some cases, monetary prizes. There are several major types of dance competitions, distinguished primarily by the style or styles of dances performed. Major types of dance competitions include:
Competitive dance, in which a variety of theater dance styles are permitted
Open competitions, that permit a wide variety of dance styles
Dancesport, which is focused exclusively on ballroom and latin dance
Single-style competitions that only permit a single dance style

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