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Ernest Rutherford

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eissa khouri

on 19 September 2012

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Transcript of Ernest Rutherford

Ernest was born on august 30,1871 Nelson , New Zealand. He died on October 19,1937 in Cambridge England at the age of 66. Ernest Rutherford Ernest Rutherford’s parents were James and Martha Rutherford. Ernest was the fourth of twelve children. Education Ernest Rutherford attended Havelock school in 1883, after 4 years he won a Marlborough scholarship to Nelson college. From 1890-1894 went to Canterbury College University of New Zealand in Christchurch under sir Joseph Thomson .Graduating with bachelor of arts in 1892, and then with master of arts in mathematics physics and physical science the same year.After graduating, He taught for few weeks at Christchurch boys but he wasn't a good at it . At 1895 he left New Zealand to study at the Cavendish laboratory in Cambridge . at 1898 he became professor of physics at McGill University in Montreal, Canada Ernest married Mary Newton at 1900 , had one daughter , Elieen at 1901. Partner Ernest Rutherford worked with different scientists. He worked with Frederick Suddy and they both published series of papers on radioactive decay. Major life events 1903, Ernest was elected to be a member of the royal society of London
In 1907, Rutherford returned to England to become professor of physics at Manchester University. 1925-1930-he came the president of royal society in London
1929-1937 Sir Ernest Rutherford became the chairman for the Advisory Council of the department of scientific and Industrial research.
1931-1933 Ernest is the President of the Institute of physics. Awards 1904 Ernest Rutherford received a Rumford medal.
1908 He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
1914 - Rutherford was knighted
In 1925 Rutherford was honored with the Order of Merit.
In 1931 Rutherford was honored with the title of Baron Rutherford of Nelson, of Cambridge.

Ernest Rutherford was known in many countries for his scientific discoveries and accomplishments.these countries honored him by stamps or putting his picture in their currency " Father of Nuclear Physics " Gold Foil Experiment Rutherford made an experiment where he shot alpha rays through gold foil and he imagined that the alpha rays particles would pass through the gold foil with little or no deflection. When he did the experiment he saw that although most of the alpha rays did pass right through, some of the particles were deflected . This showed that the atom is made up of mainly empty space except for the nucleus in the middle which has the most mass in the atom. He discovered alpha and beta rays, set forth the laws of radioactive decay, and identified alpha particles as helium nuclei. Most important, he postulated the nuclear structure of the atom. Ernest Rutherford became the world's first successful alchemist, changing nitrogen into oxygen (he splits the atom). Studies Bibliography http://www.chemheritage.org/discover/online-resources/chemistry-in-history/themes/atomic-and-nuclear-structure/rutherford.aspx







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