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Breaking the Silence

Breaking the silence of the Holocaust survivors with second generation Israeli literature

Sarit Moskowitz

on 3 June 2010

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Transcript of Breaking the Silence

Double click anywhere & add an idea Internal and external reasons for the survivors silence
and lack of disclosure about the Holocaust Internal reasons:
* Hardship to discuss the trauma
* Shame and guilt about the unspeakable deeds they had to do in order to survive
* Fear about what their members of their family will think of them, as well as the society at larg
* Worry about chnging the lives of their offspring by telling them about the horrors of the Holocaust
* The desire to "recreate" and break away from their past, and forget as much as they could
External reasons:
* The ideology of the Zionist movement advocating breaking apart from the Diaspora
* The negative attitude of the leaders at the time attaching a negative stigma to the survivors
* The young forming new society around them that required immidiate blending and integration within it
* The fact that they were new immigrants in a foreign land, and they had no knowledge of the language or the ways of the land
* The fear that people will not believe their stories

The Role of the Second Generation Holocaust Israeli Writers in Breaking the Silence Savyon Liebrecht Nava Semel David Grossman Amir Gutfreund "In the words that were found in the caves of the desert by Naj Hamdi it said "If you bring to the light what is inside you, the thing that will come out will give you salvation. If you will not get it out, it will become your demise.""
From the book "Una" by Dorit Peleg "What must come out must come out but it is impossible to release it, it is impossible to write it, impossible to speak it. There are some who can scream it, but she is not able to scream. But to scream it is not just the voice, the bringing out of the voice from your stomach, there are other ways, other screams, there is the scream that once you scream it you do not need your voice any more."
From the book "Una" by Dorit Peleg External reasons for keeping silent:

* Negative stigma attached to Diaspora Jews
* Israeli leaders negative view of survivors
* Society rejected the victim persona
* Zionistic ideology's image of the " New Jew"
* Pressures to integrate Internal reasons for keeping silent:

* Their own shame and guilt for surviving
*Avoiding painful Holocaust memories
* Not burdening their families with their pain
* Fear of damage to children psyche
* Fear of how they would be viewed by others
The trial of Adolf Eichmann marked the begining of a dramatic shift in the way Israelis related to the Holocaust. Many people began to take an interest in the Holocaust. My family My grandparents
(only grandmother survived) My two uncles (did not survive) The Rat's Laugh Opera My mother as a little girl right after the war Dorit Peleg, an author of the second generation, described the harm done
by the silence: Peleg described the release of the bottled up memories: David Ben- Gurion Some Israeli Writers of the Second generation:

Beni Barbash 1994 "My First Sony"
Jacob Buchan 1998 "Transparent Child"
Itamar Levy 1989 " The Legend of the Sad Lakes
David Grossman 1986 "See Under Love"
Dorit Peleg 1988 "Una"
Nava Semel 1985 "A Hat of Glass"
Nava Semel 2001 "The Rat Laughs"
Amir Gutfreund 2002 "Our Holocaust"
Savyon Liebrecht 1990 " Horses on the Highway"
Savyon Liebrecht 1992 "It's Greek to Me "She Said to Him"
Savyon Liebrecht 1986 "Apples From the Desert" In "My First Sony", by Beni Barbash, the (child) narrator describes the survivors' struggle to find words in order to tell their story:

"These poor ones, dad once told mom, they want to translate
their experiences to a language that is still not created and that may
never be created, they search their poor storage of words
that they have available, and they try to find a formula that would
describe what they have been through - and in the end, from the gap
that is created between what is written and what they feel, a frustraton
and anger emerge.... and the silence continues as the only language that
can tell this story."
Grandmother sharing her memories with her granddaughter Israeli Grandmother and granddaughter visit a
concentration camp David Grossman - "See Under: Love"
Fantastic Amir Gutfreund - "Our Holocaust"
Humor Savyon Liebrecht -
Minute details Nava Semel - "The Rat's Laugh"
Fantasy, Poetry
My grandmother and my mother
the only survivors from their family In the book "My First Sony" by Beni Barbash the child narrator describes the relationship between his father and his grandmother:

"In his life he has to fulfill some kind of purpose since his mother went through what she went through, and inside his soul there is a little concentration camp, in which all her unspoken mysterious memories are crowded, because she did not want to burden him with her past, but these experiences seeped out of all her pores, and they came out
through her glances; My mother survived and created her own family in Israel From the book "The Rat's laugh" by Nava Semel
"The girl that sits across from the old lady is her granddaughter. The old lady knows that she will change right in front of her while she tells her story and, therefore, she stalls. It is important to her not to age the girl before her time. She is afraid of changes....
The old lady is paralyzed by fear while witnessing what she and her story are doing to her granddaughter" .
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