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Cell Analogies Project: Plant cell to a House
Transcript of Cell Analogies Project: Plant cell to a House
The cytoplasm of any cell is a gel like substance inside the cell that holds the organelles.
The cell membrane is the second layer of a plant cell. It allows substances to enter and exit the cell. It also gives the cell shape and support.
The ribosomes in a cell are tiny structures made from the nucleolus. They are responsible for making protein for the cell. They are sometimes found on an endoplasmic reticulum, forming "Rough ER".
The nucleus of a cell acts like the "brain" of the cell. It tells the other organelles what to do. The nucleus contains chromosomes.
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
The endoplasmic reticulum, also known as the "ER", is a maze-like structure surrounding the nucleus. They connect organelles inside the cell and provide "transportation" to ribosomes exiting the nucleus. Rough ER has ribosomes stuck to it and smooth ER does not.
Mitochondria are organelles that convert food energy into energy the cell can use.
A cell is like a house...
Cell Analogies Project
Cells and houses share many characteristics. The following presentation will show you how plant cells are like houses in many ways.
The cell wall of a cell is like the walls of a house because the cell wall provides support for the cell, like the walls provide support for the house.
The cell membrane is like the doors of a house because both let things in and out of them.
The cytoplasm is like the floor of a house because the floor holds the furniture and everything inside of the house in place and the cytoplasm holds the other organelles in place.
Chloroplasts of a plant cell are like solar panels of a house because they both collect the sun's energy. They also both store things inside of them. The chloroplasts hold chlorophyll and the solar panels hold solar energy to power up the house with electricity.
Chloroplasts are structures only found in the plant cell, which contain chlorophyll. The chlorophyll is used to absorb energy from the sun.
The nucleus is like the owner of the house because the owners of the house direct everything the house does, like the nucleus does for the cell.
The ribosomes in a cell are like the kitchen in a house because the kitchen produces meals and the ribosomes produce protein.
Mitochondria are like a furnace because both make energy. Mitochondria convert food into energy and furnaces make energy for the house.
The endoplasmic reticulum is like a hallway. The rough ER could be a hallway with rooms branching off of it. The smooth ER could be a hallway from one place to another without any rooms branching off.
Golgi apparatus, or Golgi bodies, are organelles that collect and distribute proteins and other important substances around the cell.
A Golgi body is like a refrigerator because it collects and moves proteins and a refrigerator is used for collecting and distributing food.
A plant cell only has one vacuole, but it is large. It is in the middle of the cell, which is why it is also called the central vacuole. The central vacuole holds water and other food for the plant.
The central vacuole is like a bathtub because both hold water. A bathtub holds water for the people in the house to clean themselves, and a central vacuole holds water for the cell.
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