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Transcript of Socrates
Described as a man of great insight, integrity, self-mastery, and argumentative skill
Spread Western philsophy
Born in 469 BCE
Lived through the time of Pericles and the Athenian Empire
He was ugly. He was snub nosed, pig faced with bulging eyes. He had a satyr like appearance
Married to Xanthippe. Had 3 sons
His father, Sophroniscus, was a stone carver, and his mother, Phaenarete, was a midwife
He had no regular occupation
Was barefoot all seasons and wore "poor" clothes
Socrates' Trial Was sent to court in 469 BCE
Sent because they thought he corrupted the youth
Also thought he didn't worship the gods properly
When he was in jail, his pupil Crito bribed the jailer to let Socrates escape
He didn't escape because he thought it was going against the reason of the people that were accusing him
Drank hemlock, slept, and died
Socratic Method Also called dialects
His method was to learn answers with your own light
Made people ask inquiring questions that would eventually lead to the truth
Led the protagonist into an argument while pretending his own ignorance of the matter. This technique was called Socratic irony
Believed in The Five Cardinal Virtues which were piety, wisdom, justice, courage and temperance
Many people have tried to understand his method
Ignorance was the best "tool" for his method
Didn't receive payment for teachings
Socrates' Pupils Socrates had many pupils
His teacher was Archelaus
Plato, Alcibiades, Aristippus, Antisthenes, Xenophon, and Crito
Plato was one of the greatest philosophers. Alcibiades was a military genius. Aristippus was the founder of the Cyrenaic school of hedonism. Antisthenes was a military leader and historian. Crito was one of the wealthiest men in Athens.
His pupils were really important because they left us almost all of the information we know about Socrates
Battle/ War Experience Participated in the Pelopenesian War with 37 years old
Socrates served as a hoplite, a heavy-armed soldier, in several Athenian campaigns
Battle of Delium in 424 BCE (45 years old)
Battle of Amphipolis in 422 BCE (47 years old)
Ony left Athens to serve war.
What were his interests and beliefs? Interested in questions about morals
He believed that knowledge, or insight, was the foundation of virtue and happiness.
He claimed to possess a kind of inner self, a daimonion (spirit), which guided him and warned him at times against an action he was contemplating
Insisted the motion should not be a vote
There are sources that say he didn't believe in the gods
Also interested in the scientific theories of Anaxagoras
Believed that he could make men "better"
He thought cities should be governed by officials with training in government.
Sources say that he was against democracy Fun Facts There are sources that say he couldn't read or write
His wife Xanthippe had a bad temper
They had fights in public
Xanthippe had a lot of control over him
Had affairs, but neglected them
His oldest son Lamprocles was 18 years old when his father died.
Socrates also worked with stone (since his father was a stone carver) but he wasn't good
Liked discussing topics under trees
Was attracted to "young beautiful men".
It was normal in Athens to be attracted to men
Called the Athenian Gadfly
Work Cited A Critical History of Western Philosophy. New York: Free, 1964. Print.
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Socratic Method. Society for Philosophy Inquiry. Web. 13 Mar. 2010. <http://www.philosopher.org/en/Socratic_Method.html>.
Socrates Quotes. Brainy Quotes. Web. 13 Mar. 2010. <http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/s/socrates.html>.
SOCRATES. Web. 12 Mar. 2010. <http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/agexed/aee501/socrates.html>.
Student Research Center. EBSCO. Web. 19 Mar. 2010. <http://web.ebscohost.com/src/detail?vid=1&hid=14&sid=4c8cd3c5-f7d9-46f1-9063-ad1aa04c62ba%40sessionmgr10&bdata=JnNpdGU9c3JjLWxpdmU%3d#db=ulh&AN=32423849>.
Satyr Hemlock Plato Peloponnesian War