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Transcript of Holodomor
Period A&B Holodomor: Genocide of Ukrainian
Starvation HISTORY Dehumanization Polarization In 1917, during the October Revolution, the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, took control of Russia
In 1922, The Soviet Union is formed, making the Ukraine a republic
In 1924, Lenin's death allows Joseph Stalin to move into power
In 1928, Stalin enforces a agricultural plan that forces the poor private farmers to give up their livestock and join the state owned collective farming
In 1929, Stalin utilizes the secret police to exterminate farmers who refuse to participate in collective farming
In 1930, A million Ukrainian farmers are seized and 850,00 are packed and shipped by train to the Tundras of Siberia
1992-1993 Ukrainian Genocide Organization Ukrainians were confound to their own towns by the blockades of the government
The access to food was terminated and confiscated by the twenty five thousanders
Stalin's control went as far as throwing people in jail for saying the words "famine","hunger", or "starvation" within the Soviet Union
Stalin spoke little of his plans with others and would rarely write about it on paper to help preserve his secrecy
Symbolization There was no need to give the Ukrainian's a grand symbol to wear to identify them because Stalin guarded the entrances to their towns so they could not leave to search for food
youth "soldiers" were sent into the village to liquidate all foodstuffs
Secondly, the effects of the famine showed it self far too vividly on the victims bodies to make a symbol necessary.
Ukrainian's production quotas were raised by an outlandish 44% Classification Food and sleep are the number one basic human needs
With the absence of food the Ukrainians were driven to more barbaric and cannibalistic methods of consuming, dehumanizing the victims to the point where they themselves and outsiders saw them as non-human
Stalin blamed the Ukrainians for the food shortage to turn them into the enemy and help gain support for the artificial starvation of the Ukrainian people
Dekulakization was the forced removal of Ukrainians to be: jailed or executed; exiled to Siberia; or evicted and moved to a "Labor Colony"
The "Kulaks" were separated as a class of people
Cities were black listed and were delivered with harsher methods of punishment for "under developing" villages
1,100 brigades, made up of activists form near by villages, were set up in order to get the peasants to make quota
Vladimir Lenin Joseph Stalin Child's Rhyme Father Stalin, look at this
Collective farming is just bliss
The hut’s in ruins, the barn’s all sagged
All the horses broken nags
And on the hut a hammer and sickle
And in the hut death and famine
No cows left, no pigs at all
Just your picture on the wall
Daddy and mommy are in the kolkhoz
The poor child cries as alone he goes
There’s no bread and there’s no fat
The party’s ended all of that
Seek not the gentle nor the mild
A father’s eaten his own child
The party man he beats and stamps
And sends us to Siberian camps "Look at the kulaks farms : their barns and sheds are crammed with grain. And yet they are holding onto this grain because they are demanding three times the price offered by the government." -Stalin
Kulaks- Rich Ukrainian peasant farmer, land owning enemies
The Ukrainian Farmers were targeted for their refusal to participate in collective farming and for disrupting Stalin's Five Year Plan
"The famine began. People were eating cats, dogs in the Ros’ river all the frogs were caught out. Children were gathering insects in the fields and died swollen. Stronger peasants were forced to collect the dead to the cemeteries; they were stocked on the carts like firewood, than dropped off into one big pit. The dead were all around: on the roads, near the river, by the fences. I used to have 5 brothers. Altogether 792 souls have died in our village during the famine, in the war years – 135 souls"
(As remembered by Antonina Meleshchenko, village of Kosivka, region of Kyiv) "I remember Holodomor very well, but have no wish to recall it. There were so many people dying then. They were lying out in the streets, in the fields, floating in the flux. My uncle lived in Derevka – he died of hunger and my aunt went crazy – she ate her own child. At the time one couldn’t hear the dogs barking – they were all eaten up.”
(From the memories of Galina Smyrna, village Uspenka of Dniepropetrovsk region) Preparation Extermination Denial Works Cited http://www.holodomorct.org/accounts.html
http://tap-the-talent.blogspot.com/2008/11/remember-holodomor-dont-let-history.html Ukkrainian's were shipped to "Working Villages"
Stripped private farmer's source of personal support
Food was increasingly grown but exported and not distributed
Guarded villages to prevent escape and scavenging for food
7-10 Million people died between 1932-1933 due to this man made famine, and more than half were children
Stalin has blamed drought for the famine
Denial of the famine ever happening prevented any aid from entering the country
Walter Duranty, an American-British writer for The New York Times, openly reported the famine as an exaggeration in the August 22, 1933 Cossaks (Russian Army) Russian add that says
"Comrade, come join the kolkhoz"
(collective farm) Holodomor Memorial Statue Walter Duranty