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Transcript of PETER PAN
CONTEXT & VALUES
Although the story of Peter Pan displays both physically and mentally the theory of Puer Aeternus/Forever Young, it displays an example of contentment versus actuality, contentment being through being young and actuality through the concept of growing up. Unfortunately for every character within all three texts storyline there is no choice but to grow up, but Peter Pan and his eternal youth becomes a symbol of the child which is in every ordinary adults' personality. This remains unchanged throughout all texts hence is a timeless and universal theme.
- MOTHERHOOD -
Throughout all three texts the search, or the longing for a mother is a constant and clear theme. This longing is finally fulfilled when Wendy is introduced to Peter and the lost boys. Her position as the mother takes place immediately, and she uses typically identifiable acts such as story telling and enforcing medicines in order to feel a sense of authority and/or authenticity with her role as the mother.
GOOD DEFEATS EVIL
The Peter Pan story as an entirety, displays the simple concept/theme of 'good triumphs over evil' within the texts being explored this is primarily displayed through the battle/s between Pan and Hook but it is within the resolution of all three texts that Pan defeats Hook, and Good defeats Evil permanently.
LOVE - WEAPON OF POWER
These texts display love as a weapon of power and strength surrounding the main characters. In the written text it is driven by Tinkerbell's love for Peter that she risks her life and consumes the poisoned medicine to save Peter, within the Disney animated text Peters love for Wendy, her brothers and the lost boys causes him to save them, despite the fact that Tinkerbell is buried under rubble. Within the 2003 motion picture, it is Wendy's kiss, powered by her love that brings Peter back to life in order to defeat Captain Hook. The idea of a life saving kiss was not displayed within the original text but rather spoken of and referred to as a thimble, and one can understand the reasoning behind this addition to be one that relates more to the teen audience which the 2003 text aims to capture.
- HERO -
Peter Pan floats outside the Darling children's window, listening to bedtime stories, he is accidentally caught and his shadow is captured and hidden . Within original text it is caught by Wendy, Nana and Mrs Darling, In the Disney film Wendy alone captures it and within the last final text it is caught by Nana the dog.
Returning to claim the shadow.
RETURN FOR CLAIM
Pan flies with Wendy, John and Michael to Neverland
Wendy and Pan act as parents to Michael, John and the lost boys, this becomes a lifestyle to all of them.
Pan, Wendy and their 'family' come across Mermaids and Cave fights with Hook, Smee and Tigerlilly.
DESIRE TO RETURN
Wendy misses home and fears brothers are forgetting parents in England hence decides it is time to go home.
INTERFERENCE WITH RETURN
Hook captures Wendy, her brothers and the lost boys as they leave there home to travel to England.
CHILD HERO STRIKES AGAIN
Pan 'comes to the rescue'
DAMSEL IN DISTRESS
Wendy is walking the plank, luckily she is saved by Peter
VILLAINS ASSUMPTION OF VICTORY
Hook believes he is victorious, he has the upper hand (occurs at two points within the story - within physical battles) This occurs within one of Pans adventures alongside Wendy and within the final battle
CHILD HERO VICTORY
Peter Pan wins the battle, and is finally rid of Hook
THE RETURN HOME
The Darlings are back to an ordinary life, the Lost Boys make a decision to join them. Pan goes back to Neverland making a promise to come back and visit
Peter Pan is saved by Tinkerbell from a planned assasination by Hook.
ORIGINAL & DISNEY
Within the original text and the disney recreation, there is one specific example of social commentary. Within the early chapters of Peter Pan there is mention of Mr Darling’s desire to have an nanny in order to be like the neighbours , but due to being poor a dog was what he settled for. This allows one to understand that due to the Darlings social status a compromise was made in order to live up to the standards of a rich English home (to a certain extent) it also shows the desperation of being a part of a social society, and that there were social classes concerning economy within this text.
Although the concept of Mr. Darling and the neighbors being carried on throughout each adaption it is within the 2003 version in which social commentary is largely displayed within the opening scenes of the movie. Aunt Millicent was a great voice of reason concerning the topic of social standards, it is clearly shown that there is a tension between Nana and herself due to the concept that a dog for a nurse lowered the whole tone of the neighborhood (socially). It is also within her comment “novelists aren’t highly though of in good society” one understands that there are social standards within the society at the time and many advised to live by them. It is also seen within the same secene that Aunt Millicent talks about Wendy marrying, this also displays the social excpectation that a woman is excpected to marry starting from a young age. It is within Mr. Darlings character social commentary is also displayed, the fact that he has superiors within his working environment which he is nervous and afraid to make small talk with allows one to understand that there are levels within the working society.
Within the original text the context is clearly shown to be that in which the book was written - the earl 1900’s. Values such as ‘winning’ a women, and women as the only nurturing figure in a story are clearly shown throughout the text. The frame of mind in which Mr Darling lives with the want to be like his neighbors, also explains that the context of this story is one of great high social and economic standards. These values and ideas taking place within the story on multiple occasions are clearly depicted and suited to the context of the early 1900’s, the timeframe of J.M Barrie.
Within this Disney film it appears that the context mirrors that of the original text. The setting remains the same and the value of women as the only nurturing family member is once again shown, especially towards the children, the father is presented as the typically business-orientated, strict parent, this expresses the lifestyle, the context and the values of a 1900’s home, similarly to the original. The use of comedy and animation allow the text to be appropriated for a younger and modernised audience.
The 2003 Film is once again set in the same context as the original written text. The values such as the man as the money maker, the women as the soft hearted ‘friend’ figure within a british family during the 1900’s. Social values such as specific jobs holding specific status’ are also shown through the character named Aunt Millicent, who is the voice of this value. Other social values such as reputation are clearly displayed through Mr Darling and the concept of attending work functions and triggering ‘small talk’ amongst high ranking officials are also values seen within the context and setting of this text.
The story opens with the Darling family, Wendy, John, Michael, Mr and Mrs Darling and Nana the dog, made nurse. One ordinary night, as Peter (while Mrs Darling is unaware)sits outside the Darling Children’s window he listens to the bedtime stories. Peter is noticed and while trying to escape, his shadow is caught and put away.
One night as Peter revisits the darling home in order to recover his shadow Wendy is woken and helps him. After persistence on Peters behalf Wendy, and her brothers are convinced to join him in Neverland.
Wendy and her brothers meet the lost boys and together they experience multiple adventures such as invasions, attempted poisonings and deadly battles. After a length stay Wendy decided it is time for her and her brothers to leave Neverland , the lost boys decide to join them.
Whilst leaving Neverland Hook captures them all without Peters knowledge, and poison is planted by hook in Pans medicine. Tinkerbell saves pan by consuming it herself, but he then pleads with those dreaming of Neverland at the time to clap if they believed in fairies. His plan succeeds and Tinkerbell is saved.
Pan immediately flees to Hooks ship when he discovers what occurred with Wendy and the boys and he and the boys battle with Hook and the pirates until all the pirates are slayed.
Finally Pan leads Wendy and the boys back home, he makes a final attempt at tricking the children to stay, his attempt is unsuccessful. The Darlings offer Pan the opportunity to be fostered, he declines.
Wendy grows, bares a child who she tells stories of Peter to and the cycle continues as Wendy's daughter is taken to Neverland.
Within the original text the incorporation of romance extends nowhere beyond the point of Wendy hinting her feelings. Within the 2003 appropriation due to the change in context, not only does the film include a dancing scene but Pan is saved by Wendy's kiss. This allows one to understand that the original context was less focused on romantic relationships.
CHANGE IN TEXT TYPE
The original text being written, the disney version being an animation and that created in 2003 allows one to understand the expectations of the audiences within each context and the fact that this has been appropriated for this reason.