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Research Proposal: Sexually Abuse Children- Best Practices
Transcript of Research Proposal: Sexually Abuse Children- Best Practices
The purpose of this study is to inform people of the best practices in interventions that have had an impact on sexually abused children.
Despite differences in how it is defined, there is a general consensus amongst clinicians and researchers that the sexual abuse of children and adolescents ('child sexual abuse') is a substantial social problem worldwide. The effects of sexual abuse manifest in a wide range of symptoms, including fear, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and various externalizing and internalizing behavior problems, such as inappropriate sexual behaviours. Child sexual abuse is associated with increased risk of psychological problems in adulthood. Cognitive-behavioral, behavioral, family-based, group, and art therapy approaches are used to help children and their non-offending or 'safe' parent to manage the sequelae of childhood sexual abuse.
Children of Sexual Abuse
Sexual abuse of children affects over 25% of children in America. There are many treatment interventions out there that claim to be the best practice of interventions for treating children of sexual abuse. However, the majority of the child-abuse treatment programs are designed for female rather than for male victims. Although, some empirical research evaluates the effects of treatment for girls, empirical literature demonstrating the effectiveness of group treatment of male victims is scarce (Hack, Osachuk, & De Luca, 1994).
Literature of Review
The participants of this research will consist of 30 participants as follows: 10 social workers, 10 pediatricians, and 10 psychologists, whom have treated or recommended treatment for children of sexual abuse.
•Biases - It’s time consuming; I don’t have enough time to conduct my interviews; I don’t have a control group; locating participants for the sample
•Sample size – is too small and does not represent the full population of children
•Generalizability – this research cannot be generalized
•Limitations – my research could be influenced by my biases; difficult to make quantitative predictions; I can’t generalize the results of the other population;
By: Tiketa Briscoe
Research Proposal: Best Practices of Interventions linked to the treatment of sexually abused children
I am researching the Social Work, Medical, and Psychology communities, to find out the best practices that are used as interventions for sexually abused children.
Hack, Osachuk, & De Luca, 1994, tested the hypothesis that at the conclusion of group treatment, that a group of adolescent boys will display less anxiety, less depression, higher self-esteem, and fewer behavioral problems and that the treatment gains would be maintained several months later after the treatment is terminated.
Matto, 1998, hypothesized that the implementation of art therapy into a cognitive-constructivists theoretical model that could benefit adolescent girls who have experienced childhood sexual abuse, which include nonverbal memory retrieval, expressive communication and verbal methods.
Reichert, 1998, tesedt her hypothesis that animal assisted therapy promotes gathering of information to be concrete in that using the animal as the child’s alter ego, through storytelling helps him/her express his /her feelings
Bagley & La Chance, 2000, used data from Giaretto’s Child Sexual Abuse Treatment Program (CSATP) to test their hypothesis that adolescents would have similar adjustments to sexually abused adolescents who were not enrolled, other factors being equal after two years in the CSATP.
Richards & Thyer, 2004, used data from the PsycINFO database to test their hypothesis that either behavioral, cognitive behavioral, or group therapies could be effective when treating children of sexual abuse and their nonoffending parent.
This method will be qualitative research. I’m using this method because the subjects can express their views at length; I can ask about a real life event and ask them to comment on it without them giving generalizations; and I can obtain more detailed information from them.
I plan to explore the different most effective best practices of interventions that are linked to the treatment of children of sexual abuse. My literature review stated only five treatments, but I want to find out how many more are considered most effective in treating sexually abuse children.
My plan is to use questionnaires and In-depth interviews. The questionnaires will be open-ended questions. Among most of the best practices of interventions for the treatment of sexually abused children, I find that the most prominent types are behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy.
Bagley, C. & LaChance, M. (2000). Evaluation of a family-based programme for the treatment of child sexual abuse. Child and Family Social Work. 5, 205-213.
Cohen, J. A., & Mannarino, A. P. (1998). Interventions for sexually abused children: Initial treatment outcome findings. Child Maltreatment, 3, 17-26. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/61446832?accountid=28190.
Deblinger, E., Stauffer, L.B., & Steer, R.A. (2001). Comparative Efficacies of Supportive and Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapies for Young Children Who Have Been Sexually Abused and Their Nonoffending Mothers. Child Maltreatment, 6, 332-343.
Dufour, S., & Chamberland, C. (2004). The effectiveness of selected interventions for previous maltreatment: Enhancing the well-being of children who live at home. Child and Family Social Work, 9, 39-56. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/61450874?accountid=28190.
Hack, T. F., Osachuk, T. A. G., & De Luca, R., V. (1994). Group treatment for sexually abused preadolescent boys. Families in Society, 75, 217-228. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/61634663?accountid=28190.
Matto, H.C. (1998). Cognitive-constructivist art therapy model: A pragmatic approach for social work practice. Families in Society, 79, 631-640. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/230198361?accountid=28190.
Richards, L.M., MSW & Thyer, B.A., PhD. (2004). Behavioral Interventions with Female Victims of Childhood Sexual Abuse. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work. 1, 1-14. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10. 1300/J394v01n04 01.
Reichert, E. (1998). Individual Counseling for Sexually Abused Children: A Role for Animals and Storytelling. Child and Adolescents Social Work Journal. 15, 177-185.
Tourigny, M., & Hébert, M. (2007). Comparison of open versus closed group interventions for sexually abused adolescent girls. Violence and Victims, 22, 334-49. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/208556597?accountid=28190.
Wolf, T. L., & Campbell, T. W. (1994). Effective treatment for children in cases of extrafamilial sexual abuse. Issues in Child Abuse Accusations, 6, 207-213. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/61616538?accountid=28190.
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