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Dante's Inferno : Circles 5 & 6
Transcript of Dante's Inferno : Circles 5 & 6
Grace Grill & Erin Beauduy Those who excessively complained throughout life are punished by being drowned at the bottom of the River Styx. DANTE VIRGIL PHLEGYAS The Tower Filippo
Argenti Phlegyas will take Dante and Virgil across the river and drop them off at the walls of Dis, the city where the angels that rebelled against God, stand guard. Dante also puts Filippo Argenti in the 5th circle because he was an enemy of his in 14th century Florence. When Dante recognized him in the River, he starts to berate him, which triggers the other souls in the river to torture him. Phlegyas is a charatcer from Greek mythology who Dante puts in the 5th circle for his anger towards the god Apollo, who seduced his daughter. CIRCLE 6 "The Heretics" Circle 6 of Hell is the City of Dis, the capital of Hell. The city is surrounded by walls and towers of flames that are guarded by fallen angels, once beautiful turned ugly. The City of Dis marks the division between Upper and lower Hell. Once you enter the gates of Dis, you are then in lower Hell. Dante and Virgil seek to enter lower Hell but Satan's angels forbid them to enter the gates. Virgil prays to Heaven for help getting into the city. As the poets wait for Heaven's help, 3 Infernal furies taunt and curse them and threaten to call for Medusa. Medusa is summoned by the furies and Virgil covers Dante's eyes for extra protection against her. After anxiously waiting, an angel of God appears with a thunderous sound terrifying all the damned. The angel touches the gate and it opens without hesitation. Hell has no effect on the angel of God. The angel then leaves just as he came without saying a word to either poets. The Heretics: Those that deny God's existence and do not believe in eternal life. The heretics burn in iron tombs that are scattered on the ground. Virgil explains that on Judgement Day, the tombs will be covered and sealed shut forever, putting inhabitants to eternal death. Dante places Farinata Uberti in the 6th circle for waging war against family. He lost and was declared a heretic. Dante also places a man by the name of Cavalcante dei Cavalcanti in this circle for the same degree of heresey as Uberti. The Broken Cliff When Christ died, a great earthquake occurred, damaging several places in Hell. One of the places damaged was the border of circle 6 and circle 7, which once was a cliff and now is a pile of huge rocks. The two poets take shelter behind one of the heretics' tombs because they cannot stand the stench of the air that rises from circle 7. They read the name on the tomb and find out that it belongs to Pope Anastasius. "I told you the truth I heard from God, but you are trying to kill me. Abraham wouldn't do a thing like that. No, you are obeying your real father when you act that way." They replied, "We were not born out of wedlock! Our true Father is God himself." Jesus told them, "If God were your Father, you would love me, because I have come to you from God. I am not here on my own, but he sent me. Why can't you understand what I am saying? It is because you are unable to do so! For you are the children of your father the Devil, and you love to do the evil things he does. He was a murderer from the beginning and has always hated the truth. There is no truth in him. When he lies, it is consistent with his character; for he is a liar and the father of lies. So when I tell the truth, you just naturally don't believe me! Which of you can truthfully accuse me of sin? And since I am telling you the truth, why don't you believe me? Anyone whose Father is God listens gladly to the words of God. Since you don't, it proves you aren't God's children." (John 8:40-47)