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Kira's Biopsy


Kira Indelak

on 1 February 2010

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Transcript of Kira's Biopsy

MEDICAL RESEARCH Celiac Disease Human Health Katherine Koontz Sanford Biopsy Small Intestine Biopsy Intestinal Biopsy
During a small intestine biopy you are to ingest a capsule in which is connected to a thin tube. When you ingest the capsule an X-ray is taken to make sure the capsule hes gone through the jejunum. Then a small piece of mucous membrane from the small intestine is sucked into the capsule. The membrane sample is cut offthe capsule, and the capsule pulled back for the biopsy to be examined. If blood tests and symptoms suggest celiac disease, a biopsy of the small intestine is peformed to comfirm the diagnosis. During the biopsy, the doctor removes tiny pieces of tissue from the small intestinet to cheak for damage to the villi. to obtain the tissue sample, the doctor eases a long, thin tube called an endoscope through the patients mouth and stomach into the small intestine. The doctor than takes the samlpes using instraments passed through the endoscope. Symptoms: Extreme weight loss or gain, Loss of appetite, Doubling over cramps, Diarrhea or constpation, and Bloating New Advances: Specialists are trying to create a special pill that will allow a celiac person to eat a proper meal. They would need to ingest this pill an hour before the intake of wheat, rye, oats, barley, malt, and several other ingredients. Celiac disease is the inability to eat protein called Gluten. Gluten is found in foods such as wheat, rye, oats, barley, malt, and many other ingredients.

Cross contamination i just as important as keeping yourself from eating Gluten products. Celiac disease is a disorder which includes your small intestine. The villi get inflamed and lie down. They can't take any nutrients and it damages the intestine from allergic reaction. Villi normally allow nutrients from foor to be absorbed through the walls of the intestine into the blood stream. Without healthy villi, a person becomes malnourished, no matter how much food one consumes.

Celiac is a lifelong disease that will not be cured in a long time. Genetics: people with celiac are usually from a European descent. Someone who has celiac i likely to pass it on to another person in the family through genetics. This is because genetics pass down from one member in the family to another through birth. Environment: Has to be very isolated so there is no cross-contamination with their food. I t is also isolated so there is no temptation to cross-contaminate. Lifestyle: Very restricted with the food they eat. They must substitute wheat and grain with other foods. They constantly need to check the ingredients to make sure there are no traces of Gluten. But when a celiac person is buying bread the price of Gluten free bread and normal bread is 4X the cost. Infection: Small intestine gets damaged after a few days of consumption. Stomach pains, sickness for about a week, these are the results if a celiac person were to consume Gluten. Born: Chicago, Illinois, on July 19th, 1915.
Occupation: Biologist and medical researcher.

She has accomplished her research in cell biology, genetic predisposition to cancer, and Alzhimer's disease. She attended college, receiving her B.A. from Wellesley College. She earned her M.A. and Ph.D in zoology in 1942, she then graduated from the university's biology graduate program. In 1954 she received the Ross Harrison Fellowship Award for her accomplishement as an assistant director of the science program.

In the 1990's, she made her first labratory test to distinguish people with Alzhimer's disease as well as those with a predisposition th cancer. In 1985, she developed a cytogenetic test to evaluate the DNA repair of a mammalian cell in culture.

Sha received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Society for Vitro Biology.
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