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How the Concept of Byronic Hero and Superfluous man Applies to A Hero of Our Time and Engene Onegin.

English Prezi cause Tim says so.

Inimalian Lai

on 7 April 2011

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Transcript of How the Concept of Byronic Hero and Superfluous man Applies to A Hero of Our Time and Engene Onegin.

Byronic Hero and Superfluous Man A Hero of Our Time Eugene Onegin Upper Class Affluent Disregards Society in the military "my army epaulettes" p65, Pechorin "he must be a rich man" p10, Maxim on Perchorin "...soon I was tired of society too." p32, Pechorin to Maxim "What a wonderful carriage! Probably some official..." p41, Maxim on Pechorin's carriage. SUPERFLUOUS MAN Byronic Hero Childe Harold Traits ARROGANT

Cunning and able to adapt
Disrespectful of rank and privilege
Emotionally conflicted and moody
Having a distaste for social institutions and norms
Struggling with integrity

TREATED AS AN EXILE, OUTCAST OR OUTLAW Having a troubled past or suffering from an unnamed crime
Intelligent and perceptive


Mysterious, magnetic and charismatic
Seductive and sexually attractive
Self-critical and introspective
Socially and sexually dominant


For two full days he was enchanted [with the countryside]… / But by the third he couldn't stick it… / And spleen, he saw, would dog his life, / Like shadow or a faithful wife. Pg. 190, 8:13

He felt a restless, vague ambition, / A craving for a change of air… / He left his home in disillusion / And fled to the woods… / But journeys too, like all the rest, / Soon proved a wearisome attraction… The Pilgrimage of Childe Harold
To horse! to horse! he quits, for ever quits
A scene of peace, though soothing to his soul...
Onward he flies, nor fixed as yet the goal
Where he shall rest him on his pilgrimage;
And o’er him many changing scenes must roll,
Ere toil his thirst for travel can assuage... Eugene Onegin
Pg. 103, 4:44
Childe Harold-like, Onegin ponders… Eugene Onegin
Pg. 166, 7:22:
The bard of Juan and the Giaour… / His arid vanity exposed… 24
My Tanya starts to understand/More clearly now--thank God--her passion… / That dangerous and sad pariah… / A Muscovite in Harold's cloak… BUT
Is Onegin always a Byronic Hero? Superfluous Man 19th century Russian literary concept. Traits (extra-Byronic) Incapable of noble actions
Is morally ambiguous (while Byron’s characters move back and forth between defined moral blacks and whites)
Not autobiographical (Pushkin insisted upon this)
Lacks the seductive prowess of his Byronic counterparts
Focuses on one person Pg. 137, 6:10
With conscience as his judge of right, / He found much wrong in his position: / First off, he'd been at fault last night / To mock in such a casual fashion/At tender love's still timid passion; / And why not let the poet rage!

Pg. 145, 6:28
Should they not laugh while yet there's time, / Before their hands are stained with crime?... / But enmity among their class / Holds shame in savage dread, alas.
Eugene admits that the fault lies with him

The Duel: proud Onegin will not stoop to make amends while there's time.

He could have apologized--he'd broken all the rules of the duel anyway A second's duty was to prevent the duel

Onegin is not allowed to apologize

Dueling codex: if a duelist arrives more than 15 minutes late, he forfeits

When Onegin finally arrives, Zaretsky is supposed to ask if he would like to apologize

Onegin appoints his servant Guillot as his second

Eugene Onegin
Pg. 29, 1:56
…That set Eugene and me apart… / Or, God forbid, some wretched breeder / Of twisted slanders might combine / My hero's features here with mine / And then maintain the shameless fiction / That, like proud Byron, I have penned / A mere self-portrait in the end… “I’ll tell you the whole truth, I won’t try to justify myself,
nor explain my actions. I don’t love you.”
P114, Pechorin to Mary (to Mary)

Cause he justifies himself to himself The Giaour by Byron

The lovely toy so fiercely sought
Hath lost its charm by being caught,

Pechorin did not introspect about Mary after rejection
No remorse “won’t sell my freedom” p114
talks about fear of marriage being like a "salior" p137, the need to "wander" p137 Manipulative words “I often wonder why I’m so persistent about winning the love of a young girl I don’t want to seduce and will never marry?” p95, Pechorin Aware of his qualities, doesn’t try to change it, Just justifies it and intellectualizes it. Making the qualities more set into his character He has made himself into an enigma, which then he spends time trying to enjoy himself by studying himself the sad attribute of a byronic hero in Pechorin , it's all self inflicted

An intelligent man who disconnects himself with the world. Very successful seducer
Mary is "pale as marble" p137 Introspection “ideas are organic creations, somebody said: their birth already gives them form, and that form is action.” P96 bad source, yet he chooses to believe, as justifies his "evil" p96 actions from "evil" p96 ideas “the cause of someone’s suffering and joy”
-> Power
-> “Satiated pride”
-> “happiness”
P96, Pechorin Arrogance Praising himself while justifying his traits that make him and others suffer: “the soul… accounts sternly to itself for everything and convinces itself that’s how it should be… Only in this highest state of self knowledge can a man evaluate God’s justice.” P96 “I have an innate passion for contradictions; my whole life has been just a chain of sad and unsuccessful contradictions of the heart or the intellect.” P71 “passions are… ideas in their first stages of development, …many calm rivers begin as noisy waterfalls [passions], …yet this calmness is often a sign of great, albeit hidden strength; fullness and depth of feelings…” p96, Pechorin “Like a madman” p133
“Vera has become dearer to me than anything on earth – dearer than life, honour, happiness!”
“I fell onto the wet grass and started crying like a child.”
Emotionally Conflicted “This new suffering, speaking in the military style, created a fortunate diversion in me. Crying’s healthy” P134

“…jangled nerves, a night spent without sleep, two minutes facing the barrel of a pistol and an empty stomach…” p134
reintellectualizes his outburst Self-destructive “no one can be so truly unhappy as you, because no one tries so hard to assure himself of the contrary.” P132 – Vera Duel

Grushnitsky and the captain tried to trick Pechorin. Not loading his pistol. Six paces to ensure death.

Pechorin used intellect to get out of the situation alive. He raised stakes to shooting someone off the cliff edge and acted cool about the whole thing. This unnerved Grushnitsky.

He also reloads his pistol. Grushnitsky dies. WIN
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