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Animal Farm: satire, allegory, and a fable

Is animal farm an allegory, fable, or satire
by

Summer Mosgofian-Barry

on 2 March 2014

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Transcript of Animal Farm: satire, allegory, and a fable

A fable is a story:
1. that teaches a lesson
2. that usually has animals as characters.
Animal Farm
can be
considered a fable.
There are several animals in Animal Farm:
sheep
horses
cows
pigs
chickens
a raven
dogs
a donkey
& ducks
this is
a sheep
black nose
and a mouth
this is
mouth
Fable
Animal Farm
is all three

Allegory
Satire
this is the body
A left leg
right leg
ha
ha
ha
ha
ha
ha
ha
ha
a long arm
back of
a hand
pointer
finger
this is the body
A left leg
right leg
right arm
A left arm
upper lip
l0
we
r l
ip
A story or poem that hides a "true" meaning, usually a moral or political one.
An
allegory
is an
extended metaphor
: an object, event, or place is compared to another object, event, or place, so that qualities of both things are compared.
What's the lesson in Animal Farm?
-Don't always believe what you hear or read (propaganda).

-Absolute power corrupts absolutely:
If you give someone complete power they will end up using it for personal gain or bad things.
body.
pig's
is a
This
body.
pig's
is a
This
body.
pig's
is a
This
body.
pig's
is a
This
How Is Animal Farm
a fable, a satire, and an allegory?
Joseph Stalin
Napoleon
Leon Trotsky
Snowball
Pravda/ Propaganda
Squealer
Karl Marx / Vladimir Lenin
Old Major
Overall Animal Farm is a being compared to the Russian Revolution. All the characters or objects represent something from that time frame.
A story that uses wit, hyperbole, irony, and sarcasm with the intent to shame a person, government, or society for its foolish or weak qualities.
The KGB/ secret police
The Dogs
Animal Farm is also a satire:
-Orwell mocks the Russian government after the Russian Revolution and expresses his opinion about what happened
-He shows the cruelty of Russia government and exposes the Russian government's faults
-He uses animals because . . . well, YOU will have to tell me that after we read the novella
Turn your front flap paper on its side.
Glue on the page that shows three circles.
At the top of the first circle, write "Fable."
At the top of the second circle, write "Allegory."
At the top of the third circle, write "Satire."

Animal Farm is
Juvenalian satire
: the story is told with less humor and is generally more scornful.
Thanks to teacher Tracy Catlin for originally creating this Prezi.
So what do we get to do next, Ms. M-B?
Read Animal Farm,
a novel by George Orwell
Let's discuss what kind of novel it is . . .
Like "The Tortoise and the Hare"
You’ve probably been learning lessons from animal stories for a while . . .
Let's watch a video -- is it an allegory, fable, or both?
Does it have animals?
Yup!

What lesson does this story teach us?
Being in charge is hard work.
We should be happy with what we have.

There are some references and symbols here, but probably not enough to be considered an allegory.

It's probably more of fable.
How are these allegories?
Satire's little brother: Parody
The major differences between Satire and Parody:
(Adapted from Differencebetween.net)

both have
humor
but different
goals
.

Satire seeks social or political change; it depicts anger or frustration, and the humor makes that strong emotion bearable.
SATIRE = HUMOR + ANGER (SOCIAL/POLITICAL CHANGE)

Parody is just mocking, might anger or upset people, but it's really just for entertainment, not meant to influence society.
PARODY = HUMOR (ENTERTAINMENT)
Parody - an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect.
What about this one?
Satire or parody? What's the point?
Another example of satire:
What is he REALLY saying?
Animal Farm:
What's it all about?
Quotes to think about whilst reading:
1. "Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely."

2. "All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others."

3. "In a time of universal deceit, telling the truth is a revolutionary act.
IN A TIME OF UNIVERSAL DECEIT, TELLING THE TRUTH
IS A
REVOLUTIONARY ACT.

What lesson does the movie teach us?
We cannot live our lives in shame over past events.
Good leaders recognize that we all play a key role towards the larger goal

Good leaders care about those they lead.
Sometimes we need to set our worries aside
Is this video satire? Or parody?
Full transcript