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Wounded Knee: Ghost Dance
Transcript of Wounded Knee: Ghost Dance
In 1888, a prophet named Wovoka received a message from he Creator that the world would be free of the oppressive white men. His vision spread from reservation to reservation, bringing the native Americans. They meditated, chanted, and began performing the Ghost Dance. White soldiers who saw the spiritual reawakening considered it a threat to their control. The Ghost Dance ultimately lead to the Wounded Knee massacre what would be feared by
Though Wovoka advocated nonviolence in his spiritual movement, whites saw it as a threat. It only got worse when the Lakota Sioux caught word of the Ghost Dance.
It came to the point that locals of South Dakota demanded that the natives stop performing the Ghost Dance. They refused and continued, which led to the US Army coming into to end it. 300 Sioux left the reservation in an attempt to avoid any further conflict. The army deduced that the fleeing Sioux were retreating for an attack. They confronted them and transported them to Pine Ridge Reservation on Wounded Knee Creek.
The Final Stand
December 29, 1890, the army ordered the Sioux to relieve themselves of all their weapons.
During this, a shot rang out. No one knows who or from which side it came from, but Hell broke loose soon afterwords. Ironically the soldiers that opened fire on the Sioux were of the Seventh Cavalry-- the reconstruction of Custer's fallen regiment. After the shots were fired, 300 men, women, and children lay dead or dying in the snow.
The Wounded Knee Massacre brought an end to the American-Indian wars.
Sitting Bull was a tribal chef that led the Sioux during the resistance of the U.S.'s new dictatorial land policies against the Native Americans of the Great Plains. He was well known for his involvement in the 1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn, in which Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse and several other tribes defeated George Custer's troops. The chief was a beacon of hope for the Sioux even after he surrendered to U.S. force and moved to the Pine Ridge Reservation.
The Breaking Point
US History Book: America: Pathways to the Present
Western Expansion & Native Americans
Killing off the Bison
The US government forced the Native Americans to live on reservations with poor conditions and few supplies
Tribes were given annuities (small amount of money) for living on reservations. They were not always paid on time
Ultimately, they had to spend their money on the few supplies they could buy from white American traders
The Goal: Make all Native Americans live and behave like white Americans
Strict Christian boarding schools for Native American children
Dawes Act of 1887- Reservations were to be broken up and given to individual families so that they could farm the land and build homes
Bison were the native of the Great Plains' main source of clothing, food, tools, etc
The US Army and white settlers sought to kill all the bison
Wanted land for farming, mining, ranching, starting a new life, etc.
Thought he natives weren't using the land correctly
General belief that non-Christian and non-white people were inferior
Want land to continue hunting and gathering
They were there first
Felt that the Euro-Americans were taking their way of life