Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Transcript of Civil War
The Civil War
And So It Begins...
Before the War
The Civil War was caused by:
and the failure to compromise between the
and using taxes to improve
and trade, which seemed to
South believed they had to defend their
” Which is the belief that states have the power to
national laws or
(break away) if necessary.
-South Carolina (with 10 other states) seceded and formed the
Confederate States of America
The South wanted to return to a Confederacy (our first form of government) with the
than the national government.
and sent ships south to
U.S. forts. In response, South Carolina attacked
on April 12, 1861.
chose Richmond, Virginia as its capital and
The Confederate States of America (C.S.A.) was known as the “
” and its soldiers the “
.” They wore
The important Southern commanders were General
Robert E. Lee
The U.S.A. was known as the “
” and its soldiers the “
.” They wore
The important Northern commanders were Generals
Ulysses S. Grant
designed to smother the South's economy like a giant anaconda snake squeezes its prey.
is a war between people
In Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address he tried to avoid war and calm tensions by stating, “We must not be enemies.” And “You can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors.”
believed he was the president of the
and it was his duty to keep the country
The Battle of Antietam
the Battle of
(Maryland) which was the
day of war. There were 23,000 casualties- (death or severe injuries).
Following the victory at
, Lincoln issued the “
”. (January 1, 1863)
-only freed slaves in Confederate territories-
To emancipate is to grant freedom. A proclamation is an announcement.
freed the slaves in the rebel states.
Allowed slavery in the states that remained
loyal to the
Allowed blacks to
the Union Army.
Members of the
54th Massachusetts Regiment
blacks to fight in the war.
The Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg
(Pennsylvania) was the “turning point” of the war.
lost and his army was greatly
. After the battle, Lincoln gave his famous speech- the
In his “Gettysburg Address” Lincoln talked about the vision of our country and how we “
” must continue to
A Fight for Freedom
March to Sea
General Sherman led the destructiv
e “March to the Sea
Georgia. Burned and destroyed everything in their path. After Sherman reached Savannah he headed toward
. He was especially
The Civil War
(1865) when the North won the Battle of Richmond and
General Lee surrendered
to General Grant at Appomattox Court House.
Over 60,000 Americans died during the Civil War.
General Lee Surrenders to General Grant
During the war, women kept the
going by working on the
farms and in the factories.
Some even served as
Most served as cooks and
for the armies including
the founder of the
American Red Cross
Women in the War
First 7 States to Secede (Deep South)
1. South Carolina
Warned that if
the election of 1860 they would
Even though, he said he would not abolish slavery in the Southern states, the South did not trust him.
Fort Sumter was in Charleston, South Carolina
informed South Carolina that he was going to send ships to
supply the fort
The Confederacy attacked the fort before the supply ships arrived.
The Confederacy shelled the fort for
Major Robert Anderson
No one was killed in this battle,
fell under the
until the end of the war.
Lincoln Calls Out for the Militia
militia to put down the uprising in the
The upper Southern states were angry and chose to secede and join the Confederacy.
9. North Carolina
As each state seceded, volunteers rushed to enlist, just as citizens did in the North.
Because of their
the border states could
toward one side
Lincoln arrested Maryland lawmakers who supported the South in order to keep it from seceding. It was important for us to hold on to Washington, D.C.
rivers: to provide an invasion route to the South
13.In the end
states made the
states made up the
-The Union had a huge advantage in
. N(22million) S(9million)
-85% of the nation's
were in the North.
-The North had more than double the
mileage of the South. WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT?
-Almost all of the
and shipyards belonged to the North
President Lincoln was our greatest asset. He convinced Northerners that democracy depended on preserving the Union.
The Confederate Strategy
The Southern war strategy was to:
- make the war last as
wanted to prove to Europe that they could defeat the North
At first offensive then turned defensive
The plan called for a
The plan also called for the Union to gain
. This would
in two. (divide and conquer)
Also to capture
(the C.S.A's capital.)
Battle of Bull Run (Battle of Manassas)
Lincoln orders an
of Virginia in the summer of 1861.
To take Richmond the Union army had to
the Confederate troops stationed at the town of
On July 21, 1861 Union forces under General Irvin McDowell clashed with Confederate forces near a creek called Bull Run.
GENERAL LEE WINS!!!
General Jackson gets nicknamed General "Stonewall" Jackson
General McDowell FIRED
Lincoln gave George McClellan command of the Union army in the East.
Lincoln wanted General McClellan to attack Richmond, but he kept drilling his troops.
General Grant gets victories in the West:
The Battle of Shiloh:
The Fall of New Orleans- control of the
lower part of the Mississippi River.
General Grant had many shortcomings
as a civilian, but as a General he was
a great strategist.
"Find out where your enemy is, get at him as soon as you can, strike at him as hard as you can, and keep moving on."
A Union soldier found General Lee's plans to invade the North.
used this chance to
, but as always he moved
. On Sept. 17, 1862, in Maryland, McClellan's and Lee's troops
Neither side gained much ground, but Lee lost 1/3 of his men forcing him to retreat back to Virginia. This was McClellan's chance to finish off the crippled Southern army...BUT he didn't!
General McClellAn is FIRED!
Battle of Gettysburg Under General Meade
Replaced by General Burnside
Lincoln in the Battle of
and he was...
! 12,600 Union casualties
General Hooker is then hired.
General Hooker disappoints Lincoln in the Battle of Chancellorsville. and is fired! General Lee had half the men General Hooker had, yet he still destroyed Union forces.
General Stonwall Jackson dies after accidentely being shot on May 2nd, shortly after his arm was amputated. Dies of pneumonia on May 10th.
90,000 Union troops v. 75,000 Confederate troops
- On the 3rd day, Confederate General Pickett led his men on a head on attack on Union troops. They were met with
heavy Union fire
and were torn to pieces.
and once AGAIN Union General Meade
once and for all.
General Meade is FIRED!
The Siege of Vicksburg
on July 4th, 1863 at the Battle of Vicksburg
Grant surrounded the city and waited for the Confederates to run out of food and supplies. They surrendered after a month. (they had ate mules, dogs and even rats!)
The Union victory fulfilled a major part
of the Anaconda Plan.
They now had full control of the
Mississippi River. Now the South
was split in two.
1864 Lincoln runs for President for the
Mclellan runs against him and loses.
Lincoln won with 55% of the popular vote.
In his Second Inaugural Address he hoped for a speedy end to the war:
towards none; with
for all;...let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds..."
The South grew most of the cotton for European textile mills. When the war broke out, the South withheld cotton from the market. They had hoped to force France & Britain to aid the confederate cause. But this backfired because in 1861 Europe actually had a surplus of cotton-they didn't want to get involved in an American war.