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The Writing Style of Gabriel García Márquez:

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Nikki Craig

on 19 August 2014

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Transcript of The Writing Style of Gabriel García Márquez:

Magical Realism
Definition & Description
Magical Realism
Magical Realism's Background
The term "Magical Realism" was first introduced by a German art critic. It was considered an art term representing and responding to reality. It later became a Latin American term to express American mentality. It also described a free style of literature. Magical realism is not confined to Latin American realism, but many Latin American writers have influenced other writers around the world.
Márquez's Blending of Fantasy and Reality in
Chronicle of a Death Foretold
What is Magical Realism Like?

magic mixed in with realistic atmosphere
What is Magical Realism Like, cont.
not like surrealism (linked to mind/imagination), but like reality with strangeness thrown in
fantasy seems very convincing
Connell, Liam. "Magic Realism." Academia.edu. N.p., Apr.-May 1998. Web.
16 Aug. 2014.
García, Dakota. "Magical Realism in "A Chronicle of a Death Foretold""
Prezi.com. N.p., 16 May 2011. Web. 17 Aug. 2014.
"Magic Realism." Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 16 Aug.
"Magic Realism." Princeton University. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Aug. 2014.
Moore, Lindsay. "Magical Realism." Postcolonial Studies Emory. N.p., Fall
1998. Web. 14 Aug. 2014.
Peláyo, Ruben. "Contextualizing Chronicle of a Death Foretold." Ilearn.
N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Aug. 2014.
"Use of Magic Realism in Chronicle of a Death Foretold." StudyMode. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 17 Aug. 2014.
How is Magical Realism Identified?
The Writing Style of Gabriel García Márquez:
Magical Realism

Defining Characteristics
A Mixing of the Supernatural and the Natural
Elements of Fantasy
Normal, Real-World Setting
Absence of Explanation or Opinions of the Author (magical qualities are not considered extraordinary and event accuracy is not addressed)
Hybridity: mixing of opposites (urban and rural, western and indigenous)
Metafiction (exploration of how fiction affects reality, and the reader's role in this process)
Mystery and Hidden Meanings
Political Critique (especially of the elite)
Irony in Respect to the Author's Point of View (ironic distance, uncompromising of the magical elements)
Magical elements are explained like normal occurrences (reality and fantasy accepted in same thoughts)
Differs from fantasy because it is set in a normal world with believable descriptions of human society
Creates a deeper understanding of reality
Characters or objects break the rules of the real world
Involves issues of borders, mixing, and change
Writing must have an ironic distance from the magical world yet must "respect the magic" or it's split from the real world instead of synchronized with it
Supernatural is not displayed as questionable (it is normal)
Aesthetic style or genre of fiction
"A literary genre or style associated especially with Latin America that incorporates fantastic or mythical elements into otherwise realistic fiction"
Márquez uses magical realism in his stories in order to erase or at least blur the lines between the reality and fantasy. In Chronicle of a Death Foretold, Márquez uses the recurring theme of dreaming. These dreams happen throughout the story. The characters that are dreaming all dream about future events that later come true. Dreaming is not fantasy, but by conveying the point that all of the characters' dreams come true is fantasy. The story also implies that a woman's worthiness as a wife comes from her beauty. In those days, most marriages were not based on love. However, the story does employ some realism in the story in that the women could not follow their dreams and get a job and were expected to have families and look after them at home. Márquez blended fantasy and reality to make magical realism.
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