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Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834)
Transcript of Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834)
• In 1789, Thomas published
the “Essay of the Principle of
• Geometrically (1, 2, 4, 16, 32, 64,
128, 256, etc.) Rise in population
• Arithmetically (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, etc.). Shortage of food compared to the population
• If there were a way to slow down population growth the planet would be fine.
• He had said that ‘checks’ should be placed. So this is marrying at a later age, birth control, or homosexuality.
• His main ‘check’ was to basically kill people.
• His paper had soon raised a major discussion over the next decade. It was called the Malthusian controversy.
• Others said that he did not mention that if there were more people there were more people to work the field and get food.
• He was also accused of being unpractical.
• He was able to to gather population data for his theory when he went on a trip with his friends.
• It was such a largely discussed topic that he wrote a second edition.
• Lastly his theory also affected both Darwin and Alfred Wallace who are the creators of the evolution theory. Darwin was aware of the 'struggle for existence', but it was only after he read Malthus' theory, he realized that animals in their struggle to survive were able to adjust to the environment.
• Born near Surrey, England in February 1766.
• Born into a family of seven, he being the sixth
• He was home schooled until he went to Jesus College, Cambridge, in 1784
• He earned a masters degree in 1788. A year later he was asked to be a curate in the church.
• By 1819 he was elected to be a member of the Royal Society.
• Later in life he married and became a professor of history in East Indian’s Company at Haileybury.
Why? (Why did he believe this/write it)
• Population hasn't grown to unsustainable levels, or people would not be able to live.
• In the rest of the world technology has increased and things move/grow more quickly then in the 1800’s.
• It does not apply to most places in the world, but places with human labors and places in which a large part of their economy is based on produce this theory might apply
As mentioned earlier he was home schooled. HE was very much influenced by his father.
Written out of respect for his father.
His thinking was largely affected by the time period he lived in.