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Antarctica

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Amy Evans

on 15 March 2016

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Transcript of Antarctica

Antarctica!
Lesson 1
Question 1
Antarctica is:
a continent
a country
an iceberg
a cold drink
The Wilderness
Challenge!
Question 2
The number one predator in Antarctica's waters is:
the killer whale
the blue whale
the bottle nose whale
Jaws
Question 3
At what time does it go dark on Christmas Day?
7pm
10pm
midnight
it doesn't
Question 4
Which of these animals is not found in Antarctica?
penguin
killer whale
polar bear
seal
Question 5
Antarctica's ice sheets hold...
30%
50%
70%
90%
...of the world's fresh water
Question 6
The first explorer to reach the south pole was from:
Norway
UK
USA
Chile
Question 7
Antarctica is the best place in the world to find:
Meteorites
Fossils
Shells
Precious stones
Question 8
When people that work in Antarctica leave the continent some of them describe the experience of 'green-out'. What is it?
Gangrene
A strange desire to pig out on Brussel Sprouts
A fear of green people or Martians
The feeling of seeing plants and trees for the first time in ages.
Question 9
During the winter, Antarctica's sea-ice expands so that it becomes:
25% bigger
70% bigger
75% bigger
100% bigger
Question 10
If Antarctica's ice sheets melted, the world's oceans would rise by:
10-15 meters
20-25 meters
40-45 meters
60-65 meters
Lesson 3
Lesson 8
Lesson 7
Lesson 5
Lesson 6
Lesson 4
Lesson 2
Thirty years ago, Antarctica’s waters were filled with krill, the main food for just about every resident. Today, much of the krill have gone missing.

What has happened to them? And who is responsible for their disappearance?

There are six suspects and you are one of them.

You will be trying to find out who is guilty of this terrible crime.

Listen carefully to your teacher for further instructions...
Each group has one 'suspect profile' and some background information on 'the victim' - the krill.
DO NOT SHARE YOUR SUSPECT PROFLE WITH ANY OTHER GROUP!
Summarise your suspect profile in 4 bullet points.
Think about the following:
What do you eat?
What problems do you face?
Are you guilty of the crime?
Time to move around!

Pick 2 people in the group to represent your suspect profile.
They will be responsible for passing on the suspect information to the other groups.
The rest of the group will be responsible for making notes on the other suspect profiles.
A TIME TO
KRILL!
So what's the verdict ?
Who do you think is 'guilty?'
Ask yourselves:
What animals suffer from the disappearance of krill?
Why is this important?
What should be done about the disappearing krill?
Wish you were here!
Destination Antarctica!
Instructions
Open up Internet Explorer.
Type in www.discoveringantarctica.org.uk
On the left hand side you will see “Destination Antarctica” – click it.
Scroll down and click on “A trip of a lifetime”
Your job is to plan a trip to Antarctica!


Your trip will be planned for either...

Elsie Green, recently retired, who has always dreamed of visiting Antarctica
or
Jon Napster, an 18 year old who enjoys adventure – a keen mountain climber

Make sure you do a good job, you will be assessing each others efforts!

Merits will be handed out for the best planned trip!

Best of luck travel agents!
Homework
The Future of Tourism in Antarctica
The Antarctic Treaty

Without an international agreement like the Antarctic Treaty there would be a free-for-all in Antarctica – anybody could do or take what they want.
Based on what you haven learn't so far, in groups, come up with a list of 5 rules that you agree are the bare minimum for any Treaty that decides what goes on in Antarctica.

Use this word bank for useful words to include in your five rules:

Ban | Limit | Introduce | Prevent | Protect | Reduce | Improve | Enhance | Monitor
“It is in the interest of all mankind that Antarctica shall continue to be used forever for peaceful purposes and shall not become the scene or object of international discord”

The Antarctic Treaty, 1961

Diplomats and scientists meet each year to upgrade the Antarctic Treaty System. Some rules and regulations may become even tighter, and they may agree to introduce new rules on current issues, such as tourism or bioprospecting.
Have a guess...
How many countries the size of the UK would fit into Antarctica...?

40? 60? 80? 100?
The right answer is...

60!

Or 61.5 to be exact!
Map Skills!
Grid references
Imagining Antarctica!
Lets get thinking!

Why might people want to holiday in Antarctica??

In pairs come up with 6 reasons.
What
Future?
Thinking
Hats
In groups of 5-6, you are going to read information from
either
Sidney Suit or Laura Leaf.
They hold very different views on what Antarctica should be like in the future.
In your groups you will take it in turns to put on the different colour 'thinking hats'.
Each hat has a question beneath it, which you should think about when you are wearing that hat. You will note your thoughts on a piece of paper.

Afterwards, you will feed back your group’s ideas to the rest of the class. Listen to the feedback from other groups that looked at the other view of the future.
Just imagine you took these pictures!
Think of 5 adjectives to describe what you see or how you feel!
"Mission Antarctica"
What do you remember??
Location?
Names of continents?
Names of oceans?
Working in pairs you will be shown a map of Antarctica.

You will be working from memory. You will get 30 seconds to study the map and memorise it. You will then get 2 minutes to draw what you can remember. Each person will have 2 goes at studying the map. By the end you will have built your own map from memory!
For some scientists, Antarctica is pretty much home - they live and work at Rothera Research Station all year round, and experience the changes through the seasons.

Your task!
Look at the climate data (table) for Rothera, and the diary extracts. Place the speech bubbles on the month of the year that you think they are talking about. I want you to think about WHY you put it there?
"There may be no trees here for the leaves to fall off, but it's getting colder and we are
one step closer to winter
. Those leaving soon are talking about the things they are going to do when they get home - have a pint of Guinness or go on holiday to a very hot, sunny place!"
Days are now shorter,
temperatures lower
,
snowfall heavier
and most of the wildlife has bid us
farewell for warmer climates
.
It's the shortest and darkest day of the year. Tonight, the 20 of us still here are going to celebrate the
winter solstice
with a big party. Skiing on the ice has been fun too - it is the closest thing to walking on water!
The solar panels and weather stations outside bang and clatter in the
severe gales
, so I havent got much sleep lately. Diving beneath the ice is one way to escape the wind but once we're back on the surface it doesn't take long for the
bitter cold
to freeze our dry suits to our bodies.
The weather is
superb
. Just imagine being here, sitting on the veranda,
sun tan lotion
and
sunglasses
on, watching seal pups playing together - how lucky are we!
Spot the difference!
Disappearing Antarctica?
Spot the difference!
17th February 2002
5th March 2002
According to NASA;
"The collapse of the Larsen appears to have been due to a series of warm summers on the Antarctic Peninsula, which ended with an exceptionally warm summer in 2002. Significant surface melting due to warm air temperatures created melt ponds that deepened and eventually caused the shelf to splinter."
So what do you think has caused the melting of the Larsen B ice sheet? Discuss with your partner.
Antarctica is surrounded by many oceans, for example...
Antarctica is found

south of the following
continents
...
Today's Lesson Objectives

To use your literacy skills (reading, writing, speaking & listening) in order to explore the pressures on Antarctica's marine environment.
To understand that Antarctica is a threatened environment.
To use your thinking skills in order to suggest solutions to the problem.
Full transcript