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Transcript of katiemikajaqui
There are Many different
categories that you can
sort fruit into, and you
may not be familiar with
many of them.
Drupes are fruits with one large pit or seed, and they grow on trees. Some examples of drupes include: apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches, and plums.
Pomes are fruits with cores that contain seeds, that also grow on trees. their smooth skin can be eaten. pomes are best when they are firm and smell good. the main two types of pomes are apples and pears.
citrus fruits grow on trees and do not ripen after being picked. they also have a shiny, tough, brightly colored skin that is not usually eaten. some examples include:
grapefruit, kumquats, lemons, limes, blood oranges, mandarin oranges, naval oranges, temple oranges, valencia oranges, tangelos, tangerines, and ugli fruit.
berries are small, juicy fruits with lots of tiny seeds. Most berries grow on bushes, such as raspberries and blackberries, but some grow on vines like grapes and strawberries. mulberries grow on trees.
when berries are ripe, they are plump, juicy, sweet, and brightly colored. be sure to buy ripe berries because they stop ripening when they are picked. unripe berries are pale, sour, and hard.
types of berries
types of berries include: blackberries, blueberries, boysenberries, cranberries, currants, dewberries, gooseberries, grapes, loganberries, mulberries, raspberries, and bananas.
melons are large fruits that grow on vines and contain seeds. Their skins are tough and thick that can be smooth or rough. most melons have a hollow center full of seeds. however, watermelons are not hollow and the seeds are scattered throughout.
you can tell that a melon is ripe when it has a sweet smell and feels firm. if you tap it gently, a ripe melon should have a hollow sound. overripe melons smell sour and may be soft or wrinkled. All melons, with the exception of watermelons, can be ripened at home.
benefits of melons
Melons with a deep yellow color such as cantaloupes are rich in vitamin A and vitamin c.
examples of melons
some examples of melons include: cantaloupe, casaba, crenshaw, honeydew, musk, Persian, Santa Claus, sugar baby, watermelon, and yellow watermelon.
tropical fruits only grow in warm, sunny environments like Hawaii and some parts of Asia.
most of these fruits grow on trees.
Ripening tropical fruits
good tropical fruits are firm and free of any gross spots like bruises and spots. some fruits are supposed to look wrinkled, like dates and figs. if other fruits are wrinkled, they are likely too ripe.
ways to prepare fruits
Frozen fruit: is a good choice when fresh fruit is not available. it does not need to be washed or peeled, just thaw it and eat or use for cooking.
Dried fruit: can be eaten straight out of the package or it can be cooked. the water and weight can be returned to dried fruits simply by soaking them in hot water for several minutes.
Tips for cooking fruit
Fresh fruit: is found in the produce section of the grocery store. wash fresh fruit just before serving. some fruits need to be peeled before being eaten. to stop browning that naturally occurs, sprinkle the fruit with citrus juice or cover it in sugared or salted water.
canned fruit: need no preparation and can be served right out of the can. drain the juice in the can unless the recipe calls for it. save the juice for a nutritious snack.
cook fruits with the skin on, but be sure to pierce the skin several times before heating
cook fruits in a small amount of water
cook fruits quickly and gently
preserve the shapes of the fruits by adding sugar to the cooking water
different desserts are eaten all over the world. each culture produces their own kinds of sweets.
Types of dessert:
There are many types of dessert. Some of the most
well-known include: cakes, pies, ice creams, cookies,
brownies, sweet breads, and fried things such as donuts and churros.
Methods of making desserts:
Baking- when uncooked food is put into a hot oven and cooked; used on cookies, cakes, brownies, and most other desserts.
deep Frying- when uncooked food is put in hot oil and is cooked; used on dishes such as donuts and churros.
some desserts do not need to be baked; such as gelatin-based dishes which are mixed and then chilled. Also, treats that are made without eggs are safe to eat without cooking them.
Flavors of desserts:
Many desserts are flavored with common flavors, such as vanilla, chocolate, and fruit. However, some odd flavors are found in desserts around the world. Some of these ingredients include chilies, meat, and alcohol.
Some desserts, like cakes, use leavening agents to rise as they bake. Common leavening agents used are baking powder and baking soda. However, if you use too much of either of these, the dessert might taste funny. If you do not use enough, the treat will be flat and dense.
Not all desserts use leavening ingredients, only things like cakes and dessert breads. Many Cookies use leavening agents but do not rise very much.
Since many fruits are sweet, desserts are often paired with them or made with fruit flavors. For example, fruit tarts and pies are very common desserts. Also, fruit and cheese is a very common dessert in Europe. Fruit flavors are often seen in ice creams and frosting found on cakes.
THANKS FOR WATCHING OUR PRESENTATION!!
fruit and Dessert:
By Mika Gordon, Katie hansen, and Jaqui Morales