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Alcohol

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by

Aspen Harker

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Alcohol

How is it addictive?
Alcohol addiction is caused by
one of the following:

Craving - A strong urge to drink

Loss of control - Being unable to stop drinking once started

Physical dependence - Drinking in order to prevent withdrawal symptoms

Tolerance - Having to drink more in order to experience the same effect
Alcohol
Sources
http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/alcohol
http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/alcohol-use-disorders
http://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/alcoholabuse_streetnames.htm
http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/drinking-statistics
http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/alcohol/short-term-long-term-effects.html
http://www.nida.nih.gov
http://chemistry.about.com/od/lecturenoteslab1/f/What-Is-Fermentation.htm
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/alcoholism.html
http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/edwest/100146529/minimum-alcohol-pricing-not-an-absolutely-terrible-idea/
http://www.fashionbeans.com/2013/the-effects-of-alcohol-on-your-training/
http://www2.potsdam.edu/hansondj/Controversies/1114796842.html#.UmmCmvmshsI
How It's Made
Street Names
Short Term Effects
Booze

Liquor

Juice

Brew
Slurred speech
Drowsiness
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Upset stomach
Headaches
Breathing difficulties
Distorted vision and hearing
Impaired judgment
Decreased perception and coordination
Unconsciousness
Anemia (loss of red blood cells)
Coma
Blackouts (memory lapses, where the drinker cannot remember events that occurred while under the influence)

Alcohol Use Statistics
Unintentional injuries such as car crash, falls, burns, drowning
Intentional injuries such as firearm injuries, sexual assault, domestic violence
Increased on-the-job injuries and loss of productivity
Increased family problems, broken relationships
Alcohol poisoning
High blood pressure, stroke, and other heart-related diseases
Liver disease
Nerve damage
Sexual problems
Permanent damage to the brain
Vitamin B1 deficiency, which can lead to a disorder characterized by amnesia, apathy and disorientation
Ulcers
Gastritis (inflammation of stomach walls)
Malnutrition
Cancer of the mouth and throat

Alcohol is made through a process called fermentation
According to the NIAAA, 21.8% of women and 43.1% of men are considered binge drinkers

Approximately 18 million American adults have alcoholism or alcohol dependency








Fermentation is when bacteria changes solids into liquids
How It's Taken
Alcohol has many forms but it is always drank from either a bottle or glass of some kind and that is how it is introduced to the organs and into the blood
Long Term Effects
History of Alcohol
Alcohol was presumably first created over tens of thousands of years ago. It played a large part in religious worship, and was substituted for water in early times. By the Middle Ages, alcohol was extremely popular. It was desired due to its calming effects (as alcohol is a depressant.) However, by the 1700s, the harm it could cause began to be recognized. Alcohol was forbidden both morally and spiritually.
Distillation is the process of boiling liquid to the point at which the ethanol and water separates.
Full transcript