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Urban Energy Mapping

Metro Vancouver Dr. Jeff Carmichael, Eve Hou, Damon Gosper, EIT
by

Damon Gosper

on 22 October 2010

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Transcript of Urban Energy Mapping

Double click anywhere & add an idea Residential Urban Energy Mapping Industrial Commercial GIS mapping and GAEIA Questions/Comments? Metro Vancouver Project Update for April 29, 2010 Jeff Carmichael
Eve Hou
Damon Gosper Project Team What is urban energy mapping? A tool to spatially connect energy use and land use
Decision Making Tool Policy and Regulation Market Stimulation Build Knowledge
Quantify energy consumption and GHG emissions from existing building Stock
Quantify relationship between energy consumption and land use
identify areas of high demand for low intensity space heating
provide key information to land use planners to help reach provincial GHG target reductions Localize the way we think about energy make informed land use decisions energy efficiency
building code revisions
land use regulation wind
solar thermal
solar PV
geothermal exchange
district energy
biomass relationship between land use and energy demand Geographical Air Emissions Inventory Application
Add-on module to Arcmap GIS software
Developed by MV Air Quality Division and GIS team Metro Vancouver Spatial Energy Inventory Project Building Archetypes NEXT STEPS Data Collection and Analysis Data Sources Energy consumption
NRCan 2007 Model
Community Energy and Emissions Inventory
MV Internal Sources
Other District Energy Studies
Open Source Tools in Development
Utilities (Terasen Gas, BC Hydro) Land Use and Buildings
Municipal OCPs
MV Regional Growth Strategy
British Columbia Assessment Authority (BCAA)
British Columbia Safety Authority BUILDING SECTORS Data Gaps Energy Use FACTORS (GJ/m ) Building Type (5) Sources End-Use (4) Vintage Class (8) pre-1946
1946-1960
1961-1977
1978-1983
1984-1995
1996-2000
2001-2005
2006-2007 single detached
single attached
low-rise apartment
high-rise apartment
mobile homes electric
natural gas
heating oil
heat pump
other space heating

water heating

Appliances

Lighting

(Space cooling ignored) electric
natural gas
heating oil
heat pump
other Electricity
Natural gas Electricity End-Use (4) Sources space heating

water heating

Appliances

Lighting

(Space cooling ignored) Electricity
Natural gas electric
natural gas
heating oil
heat pump
other electric
natural gas
heating oil
heat pump
other Electricity Electricity Electricity
Natural gas electric
natural gas
heating oil
heat pump
other electric
natural gas
heating oil
heat pump
other Sources space heating

water heating

Appliances

Lighting

(Space cooling ignored) End-Use (4) electric
natural gas
heating oil
heat pump
other space heating

water heating

Appliances

Lighting

(Space cooling ignored) Electricity
Natural gas Electricity electric
natural gas
heating oil
heat pump
other Sources End-Use (4) electric
natural gas
heating oil
heat pump
other Electricity Sources space heating

water heating

Appliances

Lighting

(Space cooling ignored) Electricity
Natural gas electric
natural gas
heating oil
heat pump
other End-Use (4) End-Use (5) Sources
electric
natural gas
light fuel oil
heavy fuel oil
steam
other space heating

water heating

Auxiliary equipment

Auxiliary motors

Lighting

(Space cooling ignored) Electricity
electric
natural gas
light fuel oil
heavy fuel oil
steam
other
electric
natural gas
light fuel oil
heavy fuel oil
steam
other
electric
natural gas
light fuel oil
heavy fuel oil
steam
other Activity Type (10) Wholesale
Retail
Transport/Wharehouse
Info/Culture
Office
Educational
Health/Social
Arts/Ent/Rec
Accomodation/Food
Other Data Gaps Energy Use Factors Energy Use Factors Point Source Fuel Types:
Coal
Natural Gas
Refinery Fuel Gas
Wood Waste
Energy Use 220 largest GHG Point Sources Calculation of energy use is based on fuel type (GJ/m ) 2 Calibration and Testing of energy intensity factors BC Hydro
Terasen Gas
Community Energy and Emissions Inventory Data Gaps Permit Data from MV Air Quality Division No building energy data
Process energy only BCAA 2009 core data set
low-rise vs. high rise apartments BCAA data set missing 85% of energy source data
NRCan 2007 data does not disaggregate square footage by energy source GIS Mapping Methodology:

Link land use data and BCAA Parcel data in a spatial model
BCAA 2009 data set provides square footage (m )
Validated archetypes provide energy intensity (GJ/m )
Use energy archetypes to calculate energy use per parcel
display the intensity of energy use for each parcel Why is energy mapping important?
Example: City of Langley Background Goals the impact of land use decisons Deliverables:
Produce variety of GIS maps showing energy intensity and GHG emissions Acknowledgements Bob Denboer
Richard Visser
Ray Kan
Thomas Enns
Gerald Chen Senior P&P Analysit
Environmental Technician II
Senior Planner
GIS Technologist
Computer Progammer/Analyst
Senior Economist
Air Quality Planner
Engineer in training 2 2 GHG Reductions ICLEI - International council for local environmental initiatives SRI 1. Protect & enhance the natural environment
2. Provide for on-going prosperity ENERGY DEMAND ENERGY SUPPLY Locate sources of Waste heat for IRR

Locate alternative energy souces


Answer: 1. Identify where MV can locate future energy facilities and energy recovery facilities

2. Help planners steer growth into areas that take advantage of district energy opportunites

3. Inform power providers and technology innovators on locations of key markets and energy supply




METRO VANCOUVER: Reduce GHG emissions by 33% by 2020 and 80% by 2050 (2007 levels) PRINCIPALS PEOPLE Phase 1 Project BUILDINGS TODAY Metro Vancouver P&P Divisions:
Air Quality Policy & Management
Regional Development
Integrated Policy and Planning
GIS and IT Support
BC Hydro BC Assessment Authority BC MOE Tereson GAs Member Municipalities Other Districts NRCan FEBRUARY - APRIL 2010 Key Benefits: Kelowna, Prince George, Victoria, FVRD, Calgary, etc... (Transportation is deferred to later phase) 2 Source: NRCan 2007 Source: NRCan 2007 Energy Use FACTORS (GJ/m ) 2 Energy Intensity Factors (GJ/m ) 2 1. Complete energy demand picture 2. begin energy supply data collection 3. locate potential district energy sites Phase 1: Buildings as Energy use GHG Emissions NO SURPRISE!
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