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Sentence Structures

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Angsana Isariyaarpa

on 25 September 2012

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Transcript of Sentence Structures

Sentence Structure Simple Sentence Only 1 independent clause " Complete Sentence " Subject Predicate Structure Sarah has breakfast everyday. Example My mother and I went to a market. This chocolate cake is so sweet. Subject Subject Subject Predicate Predicate Predicate Exercise 1 Identify subjects and predicates 1. Joe waited for the train.
2. Mary and Sue took the bus.
3. I work in a post office.
4. Penny starts class at 10:00.
5. The horses walked. Ex. Suzy is beautiful. Subject Predicate Compound Sentence Structure IND Coordinator IND 2 independent clauses (IND)
joined by a coordinating conjunction IND Example Coordinators = " FANBOYS "
For, And, Nor,
But, Or, Yet, So I went back to home, so
I could get some sleep. so IND Coordinator Kim plays basketball, and
Mary plays badminton. and ID ID Coordinator Semi-colon can use
as a coordinator IND IND ; John watched cartoons
Jim read books. Example The sun rises in the east
it sets in the west. ; ; IND IND IND IND IND Identify independent clauses (IND)
and coordinators Exercise 2.1 Ex. Jessie talks to Joey, but he doesn't pay attention to her. IND IND but Semi-colon = Coordinator Semi-colon = Coordinator Coordinator 1. He must have lost his key;
he knocked on the door for us to let him in.

2. The library is a quiet place to study, yet
many students prefer to study at home.

3. You should wear seat belt, nor
you might be injured. Complex Sentence Complex Sentence
with Subordinating Conjunction Structure DEP IND When the cat is away, the mice will play. Comma DEP IND The mice will play when the cat is away. Common
Subordinators Although
As
Because
Before
Despite
Even if
Even though If
Since
Though
Until
Where
When
While Learn more
about Conjunction ! Complex Sentence
with Relative Clause Relative clause functions as an adjective
which modifies a previous noun Relative Pronouns Always has a relative pronoun as a subject People Thing Who
Whom
Whose That
Which
What Relative Clause Structure Tokay is a gecko that eats small birds. Subject Relative Clause Workers who have flu should
stay home. Identify independent clauses,
dependent clauses, and subordinators Exercise 3.1 Relative Pronoun Predicate Predicate Predicate Predicate Subject Predicate Practice Identify types of sentence and structure of each Exercise 4 Ex. I love you.
Type: Simple Sentence
Structure: Subject = I
Predicate = love you 1. I got to ball practice late.
I forgot to set my alarm. (so)

2. Luke mowed the lawn.
He earned 10 dollars. (and)

3. James ran quickly.
Zoe won the race. (but) Exercise 2.2 Combine 2 simple sentences
with given coordinators Ex. I like apples.
I like pears more. (but) I like apples, but I like pears more. Predicate IND 1 independent clause (IND) joined by 1 or more dependent clause (DEP)
with a subordinating conjunction or an adjective clause 1. Although I was scared,
I carefully across the bridge.

2. I will go,
after you are paying for my ticket.

3. While the breeze blew,
Michael flew his new kite. Ex. Because she exercises regularly, she is in terrific condition. IND DEP That is very intelligent 1. Joe waited for the train. Answer 2. Mary and Sue took the bus. 3. I work in a post office. 4. Penny starts class at 10:00. 5. The horses walked. Subject Subject Subject Subject Subject Predicate Predicate Predicate Predicate Predicate Answer 1. He must have lost his key
he knocked on the door for us to let him in. 2. The library is a quiet place to study, y
many students prefer to study at home. 3. You should wear seat belt, nor
you might be injured. ; yet nor IND IND IND IND IND IND Coordinator Coordinator Coordinator 1. I forgot to set my alarm, so
I got to ball practice late.

2. Luke mowed the lawn, and
he earned ten dollars.

3. James ran quickly, but
Zoe won the race. Answer Answer IND IND IND DEP DEP DEP Answer 1. She goes to school.

Type:
Simple

Structure:
Subject = She
Predicate = goes to school 1. She goes to school.

2. Bruno likes swimming, so
he always gets sunburn.

3. Even if you pay for my ticket,
I will not go. 2. Bruno likes swimming, so
he always gets sunburn. Answer Type:
Compound

Structure:
IND 1 = Bruno likes swimming
IND 2 = he always gets sunburn
Coordinator = so Answer 3. Even if you pay for my ticket,
I will not go. Type:
Complex Sentence

Structure:
IND = I will not go
DEP = Even if you if for my ticket
Subordinator = Even if 4. Later the wind stopped,
snow started to fall.

5. Now, James plays football.

6. Everything will be alright,
for it is only a dream.

7. The boy who is playing basketball
names Harry. Exercise 4 comma Comma Comma 4. Later the wind stopped, snow started to fall. Answer Type:
Complex Sentence

Structure:
IND = snow started to fall
DEP = After the wind stopped
Transition = Later Answer 5. Now, James plays football. Type:
Simple Sentence

Structure:
IND = James plays football
Transition = Now Answer 6. Everything will be alright,
for it is only a dream. Type:
Compound Sentence

Structure:
IND 1 = Everything will be alright
IND 2 = it is only a dream
Coordinator = for 7. The boy who is playing basketball names Harry. Answer Type:
Complex Sentence

Structure:
Subject = The boy
Relative Clause = who is playing basketball
Predicate = names Harry Exercise 3.3 1. The woman who called my mom
sells cosmetics.
2. Jonathan read book
which is on the shelf.
3. The town where I grew up
is in the United States. Identify subjects, predicates, and relative clauses. Subordinator Because Although Subordinator after Subordinator Subordinator 1. Although I was scared,
I carefully across the bridge.

2. I will go,
after you are paying for my ticket.

3. While the breeze blew,
Michael flew his new kite. Ex. The house which Abraham Lincoln
was born in is still standing. Subject Relative Clause Predicate 1. The woman who called my mom
sells cosmetics.

2. Jonathan read book
which is on the shelf.

3. The town where I grew up
is in the United States. Answer Subject Subject Subject Relative Clause Relative Clause Relative Clause Predicate Predicate Predicate Exercise 3.2 Identify independent clauses
and transitional words 1. We bought our tickets;
after that, we got on the bus.

2. Daisy learns English;
and then, she learns Chinese.

3. Finally, I get reward. Ex. I really love this band; however, I don't go to their concert. IND IND Transition Transitional Word IND Transition Comma help contents more flow and smooth from one point to the next point Firstly, you should do your homework. " work as adverb " IND IND Transition He likes camping; also, he is an experienced hiker. Semi-colon Comma Answer 1. We bought our tickets;
after that, we got on the bus.

2. Daisy learns English;
and then, she learns Chinese.

3. Finally, I get reward. IND IND IND IND IND Transition Transition Transition Exercise 4 8. I really like seafood.

9. Texas School is perfectly located;
moreover, it has a strong academic
program.

10. If I were a boy,
I wouldn't hurt any girls. Answer 8. I really like seafood. Type:
Simple Sentence

Structure:
Subject = I
Predicate = really like seafood Answer 9. Texas School is perfectly located;
moreover, it has a strong academic
program. Type:
Compound Sentence

Structure:
IND 1 = Texas school is perfectly located
IND 2 = it has a strong academic program
Transition = moreover Answer 10. If I were a boy,
I wouldn't hurt any girls. Type:
Complex Sentence

Structure:
INP = I wouldn't hurt any girls
DEP = If I were a boy
Subordinator = If Compound Sentence Simple Sentence Subject Predicate
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