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Jose Rizal Presentation
Transcript of Jose Rizal Presentation
The Trial and Execution
After being held in Barcelona
Rizal was ordered by General Eulogio Despujol that he would be shipped back to Manila via the transport ship Colon. On board the vessel, Rizal was told that the Madrid newspapers were full of stories about the revolution in the Philippines and were blaming him for it. News of Rizal's predicament reached his friends in Europe and Singapore. They dispatched telegrams to an English lawyer in Singapore to rescue Rizal from the Spanish steamer by means of a writ of habeas corpus. The writ, however, was denied and Rizal remained prisoner in the ship.
November 3, 1896
Rizal Arrived at Manila
Two kinds of evidence were presented against Rizal, namely documentary and testimonial.
Documentary evidence included letters which allegedly implicate Rizal in the Propaganda movement, several transcripts of speech wherein his name was used by the Katipunan, as well as several of his poems which were highly nationalistic in nature.
October 16, 1888 letter of Antonio Luna to Mariano Ponce
August 20, 1890 letter of Jose Rizal to his Family
January 7, 1889 letter of Marcelo H. del Pilar to Deodato Arellano
The information of charges was later on formally read to Rizal in his prison cell.
Rizal's Last Days
Rizal spent his last 24 hours in his death cell where he received
members of his family and writes his letter of farewell,
the first one to his "second brother ' Ferdinand Blumentritt.
He gave his sister, Trinidad, an old petroleum lamp and whispered
to her in English that there is something inside the lamp.
Thus it is Rizal's famous farewell poem.
"Ultimo Adios", (Last Farewell) was found.
On the morning of December 30, 1896
Rizal set on his walk from
Fort Santiago to the
In the center of Manila at 6:30 o'clock
Hundreds of men and women of the Spanish colony appeared in their best clothes in order to celebrate the death of their enemy. Troop units were paraded; a musical band celebrated the death of Rizal by playing the national anthem continuously. The firing squad was composed of Filipino soldiers of the colonial army, but behind them stood a detachment of Spanish soldiers with muskets leveled at their "brown comrades" in case they should refuse to shoot their countryman.
Rizal, ready and calm, took his position opposite from his executioners.
Roll of drums and a volley of artillery accompany the firing of the soldiers. And even at the moment of his fall, Rizal turns his body so that he ends up lying on his back, with his face to the sun. The elegant Spanish ladies wave their handkerchiefs, the Gentlemen applaud. And while the Filipinos see the execution in enraged silence.
The Death of Jose Rizal was the spark needed for the revolution. Thus fighting for our rights and freedom we have today.
26 November 1896
Colonel Olive transmitted the case to Governor General Ramon Blanco. Captain Rafael Dominguez was appointed as special Judge Advocate.
Made brief resume of charges and gave it back to Gov. Gen. Blanco who, then, forwarded it to Judge Advocate General Don Nicolas de la Peña
JOSE RIZAL: Life, Works, and Writings
by Zaide, Gregorio F.
Jose Rizal: Social Reformer and Patriot
(A Study of His Life and Times)
Happy birthday GINO. :)
Rizal was quietly transfer immediately to Fort Santiago for imprisonment. On November 20, 1896 the preliminary investigation began, which lasted for 5 days.
Documents that were investigated
by the Spanish
(1) The accused be immediately brought to trial.
(2) He should be kept in prison.
(3) An order of attachment be issued against his property as an indemnity.
(4) He should be defended in court by an army officer. Such army officer who acted as his defense counsel was Lt. Luis Taviel de Andrade, chosen by Rizal himself.
Judge Advocate General, Don Nicolas de la Peña, submitted the following recommendations
He was accused of being "the principal organizer and the living soul of the Filipino insurrection, the founder of societies, periodicals and books dedicated to formenting and propagating ideas of rebellion." Rizal raised no objections to these charges; however, he pleaded not guilty to the crime of rebellion.
December 26, 1896
At the Cuartel de España, the trial of Rizal commenced. Although Rizal was a civilian, he was trialled by a military court composed of alien military officers. The prosecuting attorney, Lt. Enrique de Alcocer, delivered a long speech summarizing the charges against Rizal and urged the court to give the verdict of death to the accused.