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Catherine the Great of Russia
Transcript of Catherine the Great of Russia
She was very smart and had a lot of ideas on how to improve Russia
She was known as the 'Enlightened Monarch' because she used Enlightened ideas to rule but was an absolute monarch
She was also known as the first and longest women to rule over Russia (1762 - 1796) Catherine the Great wanted to continue what Peter the Great did not finish.
She wanted to Westernize Russia
She wanted to centralize noble power
She wanted to grow military power
She wanted to gain lands for Russia
She wanted to be a great power in Europe Established the Free Economic society in order to modernize agriculture and industry
She gave power to the serfs and feudal lords
She centralized Russian power
Encouraged the education of serfs, nobles and middle class men.
Enforced naval armies
Developed Russian world wide power (Russia became a powerful empire) It is said that the main reason for the success that Catherine the Great had on ruling Russia was the fact that she was an open leader. This means that Catherine the Great spent a lot of time in the streets of Russia talking to her people and writing down many ideas based on the problems that the society had. Another reason for her great success and impact on Russian society was that she was a very well educated person and during Peter the Great's reign, she wrote down many ideas that she thought might be important and would cause a great change in society. She was greatly inspired by Peter the Great's reign and society troubles. Catherine the Great, like any other leader or ruler, was involved in many wars in which the results were sometimes good and other times bad.
She wanted to expand Russian Territory along Europe but at the same time, she helped other European countries in war, for example the Polish. Although this 'alliance' would result on the war between Turkish and Russian and the control of Southern Ukraine to Russians.
She made a lot of alliances with different countries in Europe in order to make it easier to gain territories. Catherine the Great patronized arts, literature and theater. She herself wrote a lot of plays which included comedies, tragedies, and dramas. She was also in favor of education, this means that she wanted to educate her people, including girls, boys, serfs and feudal class. She also built a theater in the city that Peter the Great built, St. Petersburg. It is said that while she was on power, Russia went through an enlightenment century. Catherine the Great of Russia was an absolute monarch because she had a lot of power over the people in Russia. Catherine the great gave certain freedom to the nobility by releasing them from serving the state, by doing this, she also gave them more power. At first, Catherine wanted to free the serfs but at the end she encouraged the expansion of serfdom. Another good example of Catherine the Great's absolute monarchy is the fact that she encouraged the army to fight several wars around Europe, at first, the nobles and the Russian people were not happy with this decision of going to war with the sole purpose of expanding territory. At last, Catherine continued to encourage this ideas and the Russian territory had a great expansion. To what extent was Catherine the Great an Absolute Monarch?