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Transcript of Exploring WWII
A timeline of significant events
By Madelyn Ludbrook
1933: In January, Adolf Hitler is appointed chancellor of Germany
1936: Civil war begins in Spain
1937: Japan invades China
In April, 1933 in Germany, Jews and non-Aryans are banned from practicing law and working in the civil services. Later they will be banned from a variety of professions including farming, art, literature, journalism, music, theater, and attending college.
1934: Several thousand Americans attend a pro-Nazi rally in Queens, New York
1935: In Germany, the first Nuremberg Laws are passed revoking citizenship from Jews and prohibiting them from marrying non-Jews
1939: The official beginning of the War
September 1 - Germany Invades Poland.
The Germans attacked without warning or declaration of war
1940: The first Jews arrive at Auschwitz concentration camp
"After two days, our transfer to Auschwitz began; a terrible voyage under inhumane conditions...When we arrived at our tragic fate: Hell, I was only 16 years old and yet, even today, my ears echo the painful cries of the thousands of people there."
"Upon entering Auschwitz, we were tattooed with numbers on our arms, which from that moment forward was our only identification; something which to this day for those who managed to survive, remind us every day of the horror which we had to pass through while the world, unfortunately, was deaf to our cries."
Jacob Blankitny - Holocaust survivor
"We lined up as they instructed us, not having any idea what was ahead. Esther, my youngest sister, had been very sick in the train, so I told her and my mother to go in the wagon because it would be easier for them, and we would meet later. I never saw either one alive again. My mother and my 12-year-old sister with beautiful long blond braids were both gassed to death and cremated that very night."
Irene Safran - Holocaust Survivor
1940: Winston Churchill appointed British Prime Minister
"I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat" - Churchill
1942: December 7 - Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
Hundreds of Japanese fighter planes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor near Honolulu. The Japanese destroyed nearly 20 American navel vessels and 300 airplanes. 2000 American soldiers and sailors died in the attack and a further 1000 were injured.
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