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Sistan Basin, Afghanistan
Transcript of Sistan Basin, Afghanistan
There are many different kinds of pollutions such as Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Soil Pollution, Radioactive Pollution and more. The most common kind of pollution is air pollution. Air pollution is produced when gas is released into the environment. Air pollution is caused when fossil fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas, gasoline and more are burned by automobiles. Vehicles could possibly be the main cause of air pollution. Afghanistan consists of allot of cars that use diesel fuel. The problem with diesel fuel is that when it releases gas the gas would be visible and can cause allot of health issues. Cars can release many hazardous types of gases such as Hydrocarbon (HC), Nitrogen Oxide (NOx), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) Greenhouse gas, and other kinds of toxics as well. These pollutants affect many things in the world such as us humans, plants, animal, and the weather as well. When we humans breathe in these gases it can lead us to asthma and possibly death.
Sistan Basin is known for being very beautiful with all the mountains, rivers, lakes, trees, and plants that it consists of. But, not everything in the world is perfect. Everything has advantages and disadvantages and one of Afghanistan’s biggest disadvantages is that it has a very warm climate which is the reason why Sistan Basin is one of the world’s driest places. But, despite the warm weather, people seem very satisfied with what they have to live with.
About 800 square miles/2000 square km of oasis known as the Hamoun Wetlands supported wildlife and helped the crops grow. But, around the 90’s these wetlands slowly began to disappear. Afghanistan is still rich in soil and the vegetation grown there is still very nutritious and delicious. Afghanistan’s vegetation is exported all around the world. The reason why the crops are so healthy and delicious is because it doesn’t use any chemicals such as pesticide and insecticide, these chemicals are put in the soil to prevent the crops from going bad. But, as I have said, Sistan Basin, Afghanistan doesn’t use any chemicals such as these.
There are a lot of animals in Sistan Basin, Afghanistan, such as fishes, markhor goats, lizards, camels, dogs, flamingos, horses, Eurasian otters. Sistan Basin, Afghanistan is a very dry place so it’s good for the camels and the lizards. But Sistan Basin has lakes so the flamingos, fishes, and the otter stay there. The markhor goats stay at the mountains. Sistan Basin, Afghanistan has dogs because the people their needs help. Sistan Basin has this famous game named “Buzkashi” and you play with horses so that why horses stay in Sistan Basin. The animals stay in the right area for example the flamingos stay at the lake because they need the water to cool down and other places are too dry. It is not a suitable place for the wetland and the dryland animals in winter because it is too cold but good for the markhor goats and in spring and summer it’s bad for the wetland animals and the makhor goat because it is really dry but good for the dry land animals.
Sistan Basin is located in the Northern Hemisphere in south/central Asia between the borders of Afghanistan and Iran. Its Latitude is 29°N and 39°N and its Longitude is 60°E and 75°E.
By: Roya Naim, Tamana Hamidi, and Joe
Sometimes when some kinds of pollutants such as Sulfur Dioxide are combined with water vapour it causes a chemical reaction. When the water vapour condensates, meaning it turns into a cloud, in the cloud there is a combination of water vapour and Sulfur Dioxide. So when it precipitates it forms acid rain. This acidic rain can affect many things such as the soil, plant, and other man made or natural structures.
The climate in Sistan Basin, Afghanistan is very poor. Usually the vegetation dies because the place is very dry but it has some lakes. So there is some vegetation near the lakes like some grass. Otherwise then the lakes, there is severe blizzards in winter starting at December – February. The mountains get filled with snow. But when its spring and summer the mountains becomes dry. Also In spring and summer hard wind blows very strong and fast, up to 110 miles per hour and 180 kilometer per hour, in June – September. The wind goes really high too like between 97 – 177 kilometres per hour. In Sistan Basin, Afghanistan there could be some sand storms.
Afghanistan consists of many natural resources such as coal, oil, natural gas, petroleum and more. These natural resources help Sistan Basin in many ways. For example, coal is a great source of providing us with electricity. Coal is found underground and is burnt in power plants which then provide us with electricity. Another important resource is oil. Oil is also found underground, it is used to make gasoline. Gasoline is used to fuel up cars, trucks, ship, airplanes and is even used to power machinery to provide heat for houses all around Afghanistan. Some countries such as the United States don’t have enough oil to provide gasoline, so they would have to depend on some countries, like Afghanistan, to export oil.
Here in North America, earthquakes aren’t very common but about 80% of the world’s earthquakes occur in the Pacific and in Asia. Earthquakes are very common in Sistan Basin, Afghanistan; an earthquake can probably happen a maximum of 3 times per week. One of the worst earthquakes that ever happened in Afghanistan was in May 30, 1998. The magnitude of this earthquake was 6.9 in the Richter scale. This unfortunate earthquake destroyed up to 125 villages and killed over 4000 people. People have been scared of earthquakes ever since.
From my 2 year experience in Afghanistan (not specifically in Sistan Basin), I have been in many earthquakes but not as severe as the earthquake in 1998. When an earthquake occurred people would run to safety, for example if they were in a building they would immediately run downstairs encases the building collapsed. In my opinion most people there are terrified of earthquakes; they might think the incident in 1998 will happen again.
Sistan Bain, Afghanistan is between deserts and the climate is extremely dry. This place has an aspect negative on the environment, vegetation, agriculture, farming, fishing, ecosystem, the life of people, and animals. The Helmand valley project was a massive irrigation project that began in the 1950’s in southwestern Afghanistan. The project cost Afghans more than $110 million, then it failed. Te irrigated land become so full of water that salt deep in the ground rose to the surface and made the soil unsuitable for farming. Scientist have began working on the project again and are trying to solve the problem in the original plan. Afghanistan and Iran cooperated together to find a solution to this environmental problem.
Some of the landmarks in Afganistan are the Minaret of jam, the gardens of Babar, the Tora Bora, the Kabul zoo, the Pamir mountains, the Shrine of Baba Whali.
The first earth quake was in the hindu kush regin it happened at 9:32am the magnatude was 5.4.