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Bank Street Curriculum

Bank Street Curriculum
by

Carolynn Cooke

on 15 April 2013

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Transcript of Bank Street Curriculum

Developmental Interaction Approach Bank Street Curriculum History of Bank Street Growth and maturing involve conflict. Bank Street was founded in 1916 in New York. It was established By Lucy Sprague Mitchell, Wesley Mitchell, and Harriet Johnson as the Bureau of Educational Experiments. In 1919 the Bureau established a nursery school. It was a nursery school that was staffed by teachers, psychologists, and researchers who used the school to discover the environment that is most conducive to children's education. They also used it to educate others on how to create and use this environment to benefit the children. In 1930, the Bureau moved to 9 Bank Street from lower Manhattan, and stayed there until 1970, when it moved to West 112th Street, where it is located today. Why? Lucy Sprague Mitchell was influenced by educator John Dewey and other humanists to pursue a new educational system that would help build a "better, more rational, humane world". (Bank Street History) Her ideas were influenced by Piaget, Freud, and Erikson, among others. Philosophy The Philosophy is as follows:
"What potentialities in human beings—children, teachers, and ourselves—do we want to see develop?
- A zest for living that comes from taking the world with all five senses alert.
- Lively intellectual curiosities that turn the world into an exciting laboratory and keep one ever a learner.
- Flexibility when confronted with change and ability to relinquish patterns that no longer fit the present.
- The courage to work, unafraid and efficiently, in a world of new needs, new problems, and new ideas.
- Gentleness combined with justice in passing judgments on other human beings.
- Sensitivity, not only to the external formal rights of the “other fellow,” but to him as another human being seeking a good life though his own standards.
- A striving to live democratically, in and out of schools, as the best way to advance our concept of democracy.
Our credo demands ethical standards as well as scientific attitudes. Our work is based on the faith that human beings can improve the society they have created." Summary: A major aspect of the school is that the child's social development has very strong ties to their intellectual development. The children need to learn about living, working, and playing together by doing it. Goals of the Approach:
The main idea and goals of Bank Street curriculum is to provide the children with the best learning environment possible. It is to be conducive and aid in their learning and development. They desire for children to grow and learn through natural interaction with society, so they may understand the meaning of community, and be a good and helpful part of it someday. In Education, they see the opportunity to build a better society. Curriculum and Distinguishing Characteristics. The Lower School in the School for Children has 5 classes: one 3/4 yr class, 2 4/5 yr classes, and one 5/6 yr class. The classrooms are set up to be a laboratory environment, for the children to explore and learn. The curriculum is broken down into the following categories:
- social studies
- math
- science
- music
- emergent literacy
- Spanish
- Arts/Shop
- Library
- Physical Education/Movement The class is often set up based on interests that were found through the various field trips taken. They take trips to farms, grocery stores, markets, pretty much anywhere that will inform and interest the children.
When they return to the class, they form the class based on those interests. It is very much child-directed. The Developmental Interaction approach focuses on meeting children on their own terms, when they are ready. They use a variety of home-made items in their classrooms, and are very centered on and connected with community. Another feature that distinguishes the curriculum is the incorporation of the spanish language, as well as the focus on every day tasks being an integral part of learning. Also, they will expand on a topic as long as it takes to tire it out. Teachers Roles: The teacher is there to aid and guide in the education of the children. The teacher is to observe and be aware of the various interests of the students, and further engage them with the world of people, materials, and ideas. The teacher takes very detailed observations used to further curriculum, as well as discuss with parents their child's development. Education 65% of the Bank street teachers hold a Masters from the Bank Street Graduate school. 79% of the faculty are Bank Street Graduates. All the teachers are well-educated and experts in the field. They are thoroughly knowledgeable about children and their development. Teachers must also have a deep knowledge of human development and be highly skilled at observing the children. Room and Materials Materials They have classic bought materials, but also include home-made items made by the teachers, parents, and children. The materials are relevant to the child's interest and world. Environmental Set-up The children are in a self-contained classroom with a head teacher, teacher assistant, and often a student teacher. At the beginning of the year there is practically nothing on the walls. As time goes by charts and art are created and added by the students and teachers based on interest. The charts and signs are created as resources and added as needed to reduce clutter. This way, the children contribute to the environment, and it is changing as interests are changing. The furniture is made of wood, and the walls are a neutral colour, with the children's additions to the class adding colour. The environment is very relaxed and lacks structure which encourages activity, experimentation, imagination and transformation. Interesting Facts - Bank Street helped start the Head Start Program in the U.S.
- highly supported by the parents and community
- Have their own publishing branch where they have created books for professionals and children.
- tuition for the 3/4 yrs and up runs at about $37, 000. Diversity The Bank Street curriculum highly values diversity as they want to represent the demographics of the society in which the school exists. They try to have an anti-bias atmosphere and promote respect and support all matters of diversity.
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