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Transcript of Mahatma Gandhi
Human Rights & Seven Teachings
Involvement in Human Rights
Death of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Gandhi is widely known as one of the greatest political and spiritual leaders of the twentieth century.
Gandhi died on January 30, 1948.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Born in Porbandar, India on October 2, 1869.
Father, Karamchand, was a court official and became the first Minister of Porbandar.
Mother, Putlibai, was a deeply religious Hindu woman.
Married to Kasturbai Makhanji at 13 years old in an arranged child marriage.
South Africa was a deeply divided society.
Black people outnumbered white people by more than 5:1
White people were divided even further, fighting a bitter, civil war
Indian people were despised
soon became leader of the Indian community from having gained confidence from his own experiences of racial injustice during his early days in South Africa.
He helped his people by
promoting honesty in business, ensuring others that they could be trusted
taught them cleanliness, good hygiene and sanitation
suggested that they learn English so they can communicate with the British
In 1896, Gandhi published "The Green Pamphlet," a book that goes into detail about the lack of equality towards Indians in South Africa.
Organizations & Foundations
Worked towards human and civil rights for all
Gandhi lead nationwide campaigns promoting to reduce poverty, equal rights between both genders, harmony amongst all religions and ethnicities, and the nonviolent discipline towards citizens of all nations.
This all worked toward freeing Indians from the superiority and domination of foreign leaders.
He is honored in India as the father of the nation for leading the people in gaining independence from British rule.
An inspiration to achieve equal rights amongst all people.
He had been assassinated upon his arrival to his usual prayer meeting. He was shot 3 times by a Muslim man who was angry that Gandhi had compromised with the Muslims, and that Muslims were allowed to participate in Hindu services.
"An eye for an eye ends up making the whole world blind."
- Mahatma Gandhi
"Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony."
- Mahatma Gandhi
The ability to do something that frightens one
Strength in the face of pain or grief
Gandhi was courageous for leading the Indians to stand against the British in demand for equal rights.
The quality or fact of being honest
Being honest to the laws of the creator and honest to each other
Gandhi was an honest man by fighting for the independence and equality of his people; he was honest to what he believed in was right.
to deeply honor, value or admire (someone or something), as a result of their abilities, qualities, or achievements
Gandhi had always respected his family, a higher power and his people.
an intense feeling of deep affection
Gandhi connects to this teaching by promoting it. He said, “Nonviolence springs from love.” One of Gandhi’s biggest movements was the act against violent punishments towards civil disobedience.
The quality or state of being true
A modest or low view of one's own importance; humbleness
The quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgment
Gandhi is known for being a man of wisdom and spirituality. He knew from his own experiences and beliefs that racial injustice should be put to an end, and acted upon his word and ended up becoming a major figure in human rights history. Many people would look to Gandhi’s words for insight, and inspiration.
Mahatma Gandhi Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com
History and Politics, Mahatma Gandhi
Michael Nicholson, M. N. (1988). Mahatma Gandhi: The man who freed India and left the world in nonviolent change. Milwaukee: Gareth Stevens Publishing
Kem Knapp Sawyer, K.K.S. (2012). Champion of Freedom: Mohandas Gandhi. Greensboro, NC 27406 USA: Morgan Reynolds Publishing, Inc.
Gandhi was a real symbol of the people of India. Upon his image, he reflected them. He was one of them. He believed that he was no better than anybody else; he was a very humble man. Although he was a very successful lawyer, he chose to live in poverty, giving up all of his wealth, including his fine clothes and home. He did this to rid his body and mind of greed and selfishness.
In his lifetime, Gandhi developed many spiritual beliefs of his own. One of the most famous and long lasting legacies of his was "satyagraha," meaning "truth force." This meant that Gandhi was seeking for truth, rejecting anything hypocritical or false.