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The printing press impact

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taghreed alhaddab

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of The printing press impact

A Multi-Level Impact Content Brief Biography- Gutenberg
The invention itself
The Printing Revolution
The impact of the invention on: Roman Catholic Church - The printing press eliminated the work of the copywriters (monks)
- It became much harder for the Church to censor what was being printed
- AND how the Bible was being distributed The Printing Press Why is it so important? 1- The Roman Catholic Church
2- The Protestant Revolution- Martin Luther
3- The Society (the lower-class)
4- Higher Education (changing the form of the instruction) Gutenberg! Born around the year 1400

Son of a merchant in one of the largest towns in Germany—Mainz

His real name was Johannes Gensfleish

He was educated in Latin and worked as a metalsmith for his father Gutenberg's Invention The invention itself was not new! In Tang China during the 600s, a woodblock with raised reversed letters on the bottom would be stamped in ink and used for making a lot of copies of writing Replica casting of moveable metal type that was uniform in size A mixing of an oil-based ink that would adhere to type 1456 the Gutenberg Bible (the 42-line Bible) The "Printing Revolution" Dramatic increase in production
Book sales began to skyrocket and the first newspapers began to form
Formalized the educational and scientific communities in Europe
The academic community began to grow The press allowed people to say what they wanted to say, and for the first time, people were hearing things that weren't simply from the mouth of the Church Reformation of the Church Questioned the authority of the church
Encouraged people to study the Bible for themselves Martin Luther Literacy rates for 16th century Western Europe averaged from %5 to %10 of males and grew to %50 after the invention of the printing press
(Humanists and Reformers, p. 43) The Ninety-Five Theses in 1517
was the initial catalyst for the Protestant Reformation Gutenberg's printing press
(Lower-class) Before: How they used the Printing Press? Catholics Protestants “Through the grace of God, men of wisdom were now able to communicate their thoughts accurately and widely so others could distinguish light from darkness, truth from error, religion from superstition. Knowledge grew in science and in languages, opening a window of light for the world and clearing the way for the Reformation of the church (Foxe's Book of Martyrs, p. 65). The Lutheran Reformation After: Reading books were a privilege
Literacy was practically non-existent
Books were extremely expensive
Scientists never shared their work with other scientist Books became considerably cheaper to afford
Lower class citizens, as well as, libraries got access to books
Literacy increased among the lower class The impact
on Higher Education Students
Libraries
Teachers
Literature
Lecture
Knowledge
Question? References
Foxe, John, Foxe's Christian Martyrs, edited and abridged, (Uhrichsville, Ohio: Barbour Publishing, 2005)
Thompson, Bard, Humanists and Reformers, (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1996)
Combee,J. (1981). The Modern Age, Pensacola, FL: A Beka Book Publications.
Spitz, Lewis W. The Protestant Reformation 1517-1559 (New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1984), 86-101
Thank You for your time
Done by Taghreed Alhaddab
ELMP9997 Historcial Development of American Higher Education
Spring 2013
Seton Hall University
Full transcript