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Impact of colonization of Native Americans

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Leigh Fimbianti

on 17 September 2014

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Transcript of Impact of colonization of Native Americans

First encounters. / Native American and European relationship

1. In the earliest days of the New World settlement, relations between the natives and the newcomers were friendly.
• Native American culture valued trade as a means of binding two tribes and increasing general cooperation
• Tribes provided food, clothing, and shelter for the dependent settlers in exchange for metal tools liked knives and hatchets.
• The Natives also traded knowledge, they taught the settlers to be self-sufficient in the new world.
2. Europeans gave Native Americans manufactured goods such as cloth, iron pots, tools, and guns.
3. Native Americans provided fur pelts to French and Dutch traders.

Reasons for a poor Native American and European relationship:
1. Colonist Greed for power, wealth, and land.
2. Physical and ethical mistreatment of Native Americans by Europeans.
3. European diseases killed off much of the Native American population.
4. European feeling of superiority

Native American biggest killer:
1. Illness, specifically small pox, cholera, and measles.
• Native Americans did not have the same tolerances as that of the European settlers.
• No prior exposure to European diseases.
• Often, %95 of a Native population was wiped out from disease

Rocky relationship led to:
1. Violence
2. Civil wars
3. Casualties on both ends.
4. Displacement and loss of land for Native Americans.
5. Loss of Native American Culture.
6. European dominance of the new world.

Native and European Efforts for Peace
1. As more and more English colonists flooded into the new world, Native peoples lost more of their lands.
• Led to Native and European violence
• More death from disease
• Some tribes moved to other areas where they could live more peacefully.
2. English tried to calm tensions by establishing treaties with the Natives.
• A treaty is an agreement between two nations that becomes a law.
• In their treaties, natives agreed to submit to English control in exchange for peace. The English promised Native peoples the rights to hunt in their territories and to fair treatment under law.
• Treaties also set aside smaller areas of original Native territories sot that natives could live undisturbed by settlers, these areas were called reservations.
• Most of their treaties were not enforced, European settlers moved onto reservations lands and restricted Native uses of non-reservation lands.

1. Europeans chose to view Native American death from disease and war as a sign from god.
• Settlers believed god was killing Indians and their supporters to ensure European title to the New World.
• The settlers felt it was their duty to destroy the “godless savage.”
• Europeans were interested in wealth. Remember their motives for exploring the new world:
 Mercantilism – search for wealth and land to increase their own power.
 Northwest Passage – quicker trade route to Asia. Trade - wealth
 Escape religious persecution/Protestant reformation – Freedom to practice their religion how they wanted.

Impact of colonization of Native Americans
1. What was the impact of the European exploration of the Americas’ land and people?

2. What motivated European explorers to embrace the New World?

3. How was the idea of “discovery” different for the Natives and the explorers?

4. What is the legacy of the encounter between Natives and Europeans?

5. What are the points of view from each side?

• European point of view

• Native American Point of view
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