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Nuclear Medicine

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by

Holly Fulmer

on 17 October 2013

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Transcript of Nuclear Medicine

How is nuclear chemistry applied to the field of medicine?
The types of nuclear medicine treatments and their effects are different.
The common uses of the different treatments
Nuclear Medicine
Eric, Holly, Keaton, and Carley
By applying nuclear chemistry to the subject of medicine, doctors can treat diseases such as cancer and AIDS more effectively and quickly, in order that more lives can be saved.
Benefits:
Nuclear medicine scans produce to most useful information needed
Nuclear medicine is cheaper than exploratory surgery
Nuclear medicine can identify disease in the very early stages
PET scans can determine whether lesions are benign or malignant
Risks:
Allergic reactions to radiopharmaceuticals may occur
Injections of radiotracers can cause pain
Radiology cannot be used when women are pregnant
Nuclear medicine is a branch of medical imaging that uses small amounts of radioactive material to diagnose and determine the severity of or treat a variety of diseases, including many types of cancers, heart disease, gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological disorders and other abnormalities within the body.
Non-Lethal
Diagnosis
Computed Tomography (CT)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT)
Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
Therapy
Radioactive Iodine (1-131) Therapy - uses small amounts of radioactive material to treat cancer
Radoimmunotherapy (RIT) - combines radiation therapy with immunotherapy
Lethal
Allergic reactions to radiopharmaceuticals may occur
Injections of radiotracers can cause pain
Radiology cannot be used when women are pregnant
Heart
can detect coronary artery disease
visualize heart blood flow and function
assess damage to the heart
evaluate treatment options and results
detect heart transplant rejection
Lungs
detect rejection of lung transplants
assess lung functions for lung transplant or reduction surgery
scan for respiratory and blood flow problems
Brain
investigate seizures, memory loss, and abnormalities in blood flow
detect neurological disorders
plan surgery and localize seizure foci
evaluate abnormalities involved in movement
evaluating of brain tumor recurrence
Other Systems
identify problems and bleeding in the gallbladder and bowel
evaluate lymphedema
evaluate spinal fluid flow and leaks
diagnose hyperthyroidism and blood cell disorders
Cancer
stage cancer or spread of cancer
localize lymph nodes
evaluate response to therapy
detect cancer recurrence
detect rare tumors
Renal
analyze kidney functions
detect problems in the urinary tract
evaluate for hypertension
evaluate ventricular shunts
detect and follow-up urinary reflux
Full transcript