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Social Security Act of 1935
Transcript of Social Security Act of 1935
Jamie Valle Historical setting Social Security Act: August 14, 1935 Economic Insecurity Unemployment, illness, disability Post-Civil War Health care Inequality • Job categories
• Most needy groups: 3/5ths of African Americans •Veterans
•Dependent children and families (deceased workers)
•Disabled workers Historical Issues Demographic changes that rendered economic security
•Urbanization of America
•Disappearance of extended family
•Increase in life expectancy •English Poor Laws
•Almshouses and poorhouses
•Civil War Pensions (1862)
•Stock Market Crash(1929) and Great Depression
•Social Insurance Movement Old-Age, Survivors, Disability Insurance (OASDI) •Provisions for general welfare 1. Unemployment insurance 2.Aid to dependent children 3.Aid to the Blind 4.Public Health Work 5.Old age assistance 6.Taxes Unemployment benefits
Old Age Insurance
Maternal and child welfare-AFDC-TANF
Aid to the Blind
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
Earned Income Tax Credit
Medicare Bill • Thomas Paine
- Agrarian Justice
•Francis E. Townsend (1933)
•Committee on Economic Security (CES)-1934
-Intention to provide SS program •Social Security Board -President FDR,
-Chairmen-John G. Winant,
-Arthur J. Altmeyer,
-& Vincent M. Miles How have these policies impacted social welfare policies? Quadagno, J. S. (1984). WELFARE CAPITALISM AND THE SOCIAL SECURITY ACT OF 1935. American Sociological Review, 49(5), 632-647. Davies, G., & Derthick, M. (1997). Race and social welfare policy: The Social Security Act of 1935.
Political Science Quarterly, 112(2), 217. http://www.ssa.gov/history/briefhistory3.html http://www.fpanet.org/ToolsResources/SocialSecurityPredictor/HistoryofSocialSecurity/ http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=68