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German Immigration to Canada
Transcript of German Immigration to Canada
to Canada Germany Where they Settled Push Factors Hardships Pull Factors Cultural Characteristics German Legacy Germany is located in west-central Europe and stretches from the Alps to the North Sea. It is the seventh largest country in Europe and has the second largest population with 82 million citizens. The Germans that came to Canada mainly settled in the Prairie Provinces (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta). They stayed in the Southern most points where farming was more ideal (mainly Saskatchewan). There was also a number of Germans that settled in British Columbia. During the period between 1874 and 1914, Canada had many things going in its favor, attracting many new immigrants.
Firstly, Canada had a new reputation of being a land of economic and social opportunity. Also, the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway providing many job opportunities and made travel across Canada very simple. Finally, people who had previously migrated to Canada had good things to say attracting their family members Many new German immigrants had trouble reading, writing, and speaking in English. Many Catholics (1/3 of the population) and 250,000 Jewish people that came were persecuted by Protestants. For German women, it was very difficult for them to hold jobs in factories or as clerks. Instead, they worked as bakers, tailors, hotel keepers, nurses, and janitors. During the first and second World War many Germans were discriminated against because Canada and USA were at war with Germany. Music: Germany is known for having the best classical music. Some famous composers are Ludwig Van Beethoven and Johann Bach. Oktoberfest is a 16 day tradition celebrating beer in Germany. Every year Winnipeg has its own Oktoberfest where thousands come out to drink German beer. The German population living in Canada between 1874 and 1914 didn't all come from Germany. Many came from German parts of Russia, and Eastern European countries. Push Factors In Russia, reforms ended military exemption and taxation exemption for Mennonites and others.
As a result, 7000 German Mennonites migrated to Canada Push Factors In Eastern European German colonies, there were many push factors including:
- a huge growth of population
- a shortage of farm land
- many restrictions on acquiring new land Pull Factors The people that moved from Russia tended to move to Manitoba because Prairie farming was very similar to that of the farming in Russia. Farm land was cheap and abundant. Food: Germans also introduced food to Canada such as Black Forest Cake, Weizen (wheat) beer, and many kinds of bread including Pretzels. Cultural Characteristics Clothing: German working class men often wore Lederhosen, which are leather breeches. Women often wore Dirndl, which is a traditional German dress. Famous People: Dirk Nowitzki, Albert Einstein, Wolfgang Mozart, Marcel Goc.