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High Tech FARMING

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ZhiYing 15

on 16 May 2014

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Transcript of High Tech FARMING


It is a knowledge-based agricultural system that use technology to increase value and quality of farm's produce.
Mostly found around densely populated urban areas
Why do people use High Tech Farming?
It enables maximum output on a small plot of land and is thus particularly important in countries with high population density and limited land area.
Crops produced from high-tech farms help to reduce the dependence on the food imported from other countries. (Example; Singapore)
Aeroponics
Roots of the plants are suspended in the air which is cooled such that the conditions are similar to those in temperate regions.
Nutrient solution is also sprayed onto the roots therefore allowing temperate crops (etc. strawberries) to be grown in tropical regions.
Types of High Tech Farming:
Hydroponics
Aeroponics
Hyodroponics
'Hyodroponics' come from 2 Greek words: 'hydro' and 'ponos'. which means water and labour respectively. Thus, hydroponics means 'working water'.
It is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solution, in water, without soil and is supported by styrofoam in troughs. Computers are used to monitor and adjust the nutrient solution and temperature for best growing conditions.
Animal Farming
Cattle Farming
In today's advanced technology, cow are house in special stalls where they are fed specific amounts of a special diet at exact time and they are milked by machines at appointed time everyday. Thus, farmers would not need to wake up at the crack of dawn to milk their cows.
Animal farming
High Tech Farming
What
IS
High Tech Farming?
Advantages
-No soil is needed
-The water stays in the system and can be reused - thus, lower water costs
-It is possible to control the nutrition levels in their entirely - thus, lower nutrition costs
-No nutrition pollution is released into the environment because of the controlled system
-Stable and high yields
-Pests and diseases are easier to get rid of than in soil because of the container's mobility.

Disadvantages
-The hydroponic conditions (presence of fertilizer and high humidity) create an environment that stimulates salmonella growth.
-Other disadvantages include pathogen attacks such as damp-off due to Verticillium wilt caused by the high moisture levels associated with hydroponics and over watering of soil based plants.
-Many hydroponic plants require different fertilizers and containment systems.
Examples:
Cattle farming
Egg Farming
Egg farming
Hens are fed a special diet blended by computerized machines in modern farms. This diet ensures the health of the hens and the nutritional value of the eggs. When eggs are laid, they roll onto a tray or moving conveyor belt.
Inputs
Lands
Very little land is required as crops are grown closer together and the sufficient amounts of nutrients are delivered and distributed evenly to the crops at regular intervals makes it possible.
SINGAPORE's first aereponics farm is only 6 hectares in size!!!
Capital
Due to the use of latest technology, farm chemicals and investments in research and development , high tech farms requires huge capitals.
More than $30 million have been invested in Singapore's first aereponics farm when it opened in 1996
Labour
High tech farms are normally mechanised, thus reducing the need for farm labour.
ONLY 10 people are needed to look after 380 000 hens in one of Singapore's major egg farm.
Production
Output per unit is much higher then traditional farming.
High tech farms produce food like fruits, vegetables, dairy products and eggs.
What have you learn?
Done by: Lek Zhi Ying (9)
Lim En Qi (10)
Naomi Ong (12)
Shivaani (13)
Shernyce Ariel Goh (16)
Chai Min Kyun (22)
Ng Ao Lin (29)
Shum Jie Hui (30)
Wang Jia Qing (33)
Eitienne Yang (36)

How many types of high tech farming are there?
1)2
2)3
3)4
4)5
1) 2 Types
Answer
Explanation: Hydroponics and aeroponics are 1 type and cattle farming and egg farming is classified under animal farming.
How do plants in aeroponics grow?
1)In suspended air
2)In styrofoam
3)In water troughs
4)In soil
Answer:
1) In suspended air
If you pay attention you would have know >.<
Where are Singapore's Agrotechnology farms?
i) Lim Chu Kang
ii) Nee Soon
iii) Sembawang
iv) Murai

1) (i) and (iii)
2) (i), (ii) and (iv)
3) (ii) and (iv)
4) All of the above
Answer
2) (i), (ii) and (iv)
* Pay attention and you will know >.<
Singapore's 6 Agrotechnology Farm:
1) Lim Chu Kang
2) Murai
3) Sungei Tengah
4) Nee Soon
5) Mandai
6) Loyang
Define hydroponics.
Answer
Hydroponics is a method of growing plants using mineral solutions, in water, without soil.
Answer
Why is the MAIN reason for using High Tech farming used?
i) reduce the dependence on the food imported from other countries.
ii) Able to earn more money when they sell these food to other countries.
iii) enable maximum output on a small plot of land for countries with limited amount of land and high population density.
iv) Allow people to get know to these types of growing methods.

1) (i) and (ii)
2) (ii) and (iii)
3) (i) and (iii)
4) (i), (ii) and (iv)
3) (i) and (iii)
* Pay attention and you will know
Full transcript