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Superhero Brain Project

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by

Rachel Boozer

on 22 September 2014

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Transcript of Superhero Brain Project

The cerebellum is located at the base of the brain, just above the brain stem, where the spinal cord meets the brain, and is made of two hemispheres.
CEREBELLUM
The cerebellum controls certain voluntary movements, one’s sense of balance, posture, and coordinates/regulates muscles and fine motor movements. Damage to the cerebellum, while not causing paralysis or intellectual impairment, would contribute to a lack of balance, slower movements, and tremors. Complex physical tasks would become unsteady and halting.
Broca's area is the region in the frontal lobe of one hemisphere (usually the left) of the brain.
BROCA'S AREA
MEDULLA
The Medulla Oblongata is a part of the brainstem and is located at the end of the spinal cord in the back of the brain
FRONTAL LOBE
HIPPOCAMPUS
AMYGDALA
TEMPORAL LOBE
HYPOTHALAMUS
THALAMUS
PARIETAL LOBE
OCCIPITAL LOBE
.
The Hypothalamus area of the brain produce the hormones that govern body temperature, thirst, hunger, sleep, circadian rhythm, moods, sexual behavior, and the release of other hormones in the body. The hypothalamus' primary function is homeostasis, which is to maintain the body's temperature. Dysfunction of the hypothalamus often leads to depression, hyperactivity, abnormal responses to stress, or disturbances in brain and limbic functioning. Some of the physical aspects of Hypothalamic dysfunction are: Disordered sleep and Altered body temperatures.
The Parietal Lobe helps to receive and interpret sensations throughout the human body such as pain, temperature, touch and so on. The Parietal Lobe also has a great sense of kinesthetics which means that the lobe has a great sense of knowledge for the body so it knows what someone’s body may or may not need. Damage to the left parietal lobe can result in what is called
Gerstmann's Syndrome.
It includes right-left confusion, difficulty with writing (
agraphia
) and difficulty with mathematics (
acalculia
). It can also produce disorders of language (
aphasia
) and the inability to perceive objects normally (
agnosia
). Damage to the right parietal lobe can result in neglecting part of the body or space (
contralateral neglect
), which can impair many self-care skills such as dressing and washing. Right side damage can also cause difficulty in making things (
constructional apraxia
), denial of deficits (
anosagnosia
) and drawing ability.
The Thalamus is located in the core of the brain.
The hypothalamus is located below the thalamus, right above the brainstem.
The frontal lobe is one of the four major lobes of the brain. It is located at the front of each cerebral hemisphere and positioned in front of the parietal lobe and above and in front of the temporal lobes.
The Amygdala is located deep within the temporal lobe of the brain.
The Thalamus is responsible for receiving information, interpreting the information, and making the proper connections to send and receive information to the right parts of the brain. If this part of the brain is damaged, all sensory information would not be processed and sensory confusion would result.
The Temporal Lobe is located beneath the lateral (side) fissure on both cerebral hemispheres (both sides) of the mammalian brain.
The hippocampus is responsible for long-term or "declarative" memory. Long term memory is like a compilation of data in our conscious memory and all of our gathered knowledge and experiences. However damage to the right hippocampus side differs from damage to the left hippocampus. Those that have lost function or removal of limbic system, but still have the hippocampus, have absolutely nothing but long-term memory and cannot record any new memories or functions.
The Occipital Lobe is part of the cerebral cortex and can be found at the back of the head, above the cerebellum.
The frontal lobes are involved in motor function, problem solving, spontaneity, memory, language, initiation, judgement, impulse control, and social behavior. They are extremely vulnerable to injury and Frontal Lobe damage seems to have an impact on divergent thinking, or flexibility and problem solving ability. One of the most common effects of frontal damage can be a dramatic change in social behavior. A person's personality can undergo significant changes after an injury to the frontal lobes, especially when both lobes are involved.
The Parietal Lobe is located between the frontal and occipital lobe
The Occipital Lobes are involved in visual perception. This lobe also controls association areas that help visual recognition of things such as shapes and colors. The brain receives information from the opposite field of vision in order for the occipital lobe to function properly. Damage to this area of the brain can lead to causing visual defects.
The hippocampus is located inside of the temporal lobe
The Temporal Lobe is one of the four major lobes of the Cerebral Cortex in the brain of mammals. These lobes are vital in the assistance with understanding sounds, spoken words, short term memory and emotions. The two lobes perform different tasks then each other, the right lobe is mainly involved in visual memory, while, the left lobe is mainly involved in verbal memory. Language can be affected by temporal lobe damage. Left temporal lesions disturb recognition of words. Right temporal damage can cause a loss of inhibition of talking.
The Amygdala is responsible for the perception of emotions (anger, fear, sadness, etc.) as well as the controlling aggression. The amygdala helps to store memories of events and emotions so that an individual may be able to recognize similar events in the future. The size of the Amygdala is positively correlated with increased aggression and physical behavior. One of the most dramatic examples of amygdala disorders are seizures.

The Broca's Area of the brain is linked with speech production. If this area is damaged, it is called an
aphasia.
Without the Broca's Area or if it is damaged a person is almost completely unable to produce any words or phrases
The Medulla controls various reflex actions such as coughing, swallowing, and vomiting. It also regulates automatic functions such as heart rate and breathing. It transfers information between the spinal cord and brain. Severe damage to the medulla can lead to instant death, with an immediate shutdown of cardiac and respiratory functions. Lesser damage results in paralysis or loss of the senses of touch and position. Damage also causes an inability to swallow or gag, and it often manifests as vertigo severe enough to cause vomiting.
aka
Brainiac

aka
Red Hulk
aka
Flame
Super Hippo
aka
Dumbo
aka
Felicity Smokes (from Arrow)
aka
Flash
aka
Cyclops
aka

Word Girl
Rachel Boozer
CORPUS CALLSUM
The Corpus Callosum is located underneath the Cortex at the center of the brain and divides the Cortex into left and right hemispheres, it also connects the left and right sides of the brain
PONS
The Pons is a portion of the brain located above the Medulla Oblongata and below the Midbrain.
The Pons serves as a message station between several areas of the brain. It helps relay messages from the cortex and the cerebellum. Without it, the brain would not be able to function and messages would not be transmitted, or passed along. It also plays a key role in sleep and dreaming, where REM sleep (the sleeping state) originates from the Pons area of the brain. Damage to the pons will result in impaired coordination and movements.
aka
Oracle
aka
Mr. Fantastic
aka
Spiderman
Powers
*Medulla enlarged causing:
-heartbeat increased causing blood to flow incredibly causing super fast movement at will
-breathing increased as well at will
Weakness
*If struck with enough force goes into immediate paralysis (but you have to catch him to hit him)
Power
*The Cerebellum's affect over body increased causing:
^super balance and super quick reflexes
Weakness
*If struck in the back of the head then his balance becomes skewed and his movements slow to a crawl, he also has tremors
Reason & Powers
*has a larger Thalamus then the average person so:
^ She can interpret information and make connections much faster then the average person
Weakness
*If injured, she sends information to the wrong places in confusion
Reason and Powers
*has dysfunction in his Hypothalamus causing:
^altered body temperature
^mutated homeostasis, meaning, he has two different types of body temperatures: normal and flaming.
Weakness
*If Hypocampus goes back to normal then he cannot flame
Reason and Powers
*Super Hippo's Hippocampus was surgecly reduced to a very small size causing:
^Super Hippo can see into the future
Weakness:
*Super Hippo cannot remember anything long term such as his experiences and childhood
Powers
*When the military experiemented they enlarged his Amygalda
^ caused lost of control over aggression and temporary transformation.
Weakness
*If he stays in his aggressive form to long he is prone to seizures
Med-Active
Cerebellum Equivalencer
Thala-data
Hypo-Temperature man
Amy-aggression
Powers
*as a teenager he damaged his Occipital Lobe casuing visual "defects" (lasers)
Weakness
*no control of using lasers (must wear special glasses)
Occipital Laser
Powers
*overactive Left Temporal Lobe
^can near sounds from miles away
Weakness
* Though he has hyper-hearing he struggles with the ability to talk because his right temporal lobe is damaged
Power
*enlarged Parietal Lobe
^super knowledge and super control over body
Weakness
*If his Parietal Lobe is damaged Brainiac will have a bumber of issues
^agraphia
^acalculia
^aphasia
^agnosia
^anosagnosia
Powers
*As a child her Frontal Lobe was damaged giving her the ability to change forms at will
*uses her abilities for evil rather then good
Weakness
* has no defense while changing form
aka
Mystique
Freaky Frontal Transformer
Powers
*mutataed causing
^she can rememeber and understand any word she reads or hears
Weakness
*If Bronca's Area is damaged or distroyed her power will vanish
Boca-Language Girl
Temporal Listener
Par-intellectal Brian
The corpus callosum is a thick band of nerve fibers that divides the cerebrum into left and right hemispheres. It connects the left and right sides of the brain allowing for communication between both hemispheres. The corpus callosum transfers motor sensory, and cognitive information between the brain hemispheres.
The corpus callosum is involved in several functions of the body including:
*Communication Between Brain Hemispheres
*Eye Movement
*Maintaining the Balance of Arousal and Attention
*Tactile Localization
If damages the Corpus Callosum does not allow patients to match up concepts they see in one eye with concepts in the other half of the brain.
Mr. Strechy
Powers
*mutation in Mr. Strechy's Corpus Callsum
^can strech any part of his body to unbelieveable lengths and can connect objects with them
Weakness
*If damaged Mr. Strechy looses control of his limbs and they connect random objects
Powers
*she damaged her pons in an accident when she was a young woman but it had a strange effect
^she gained the ability to transmit messages rapidly
-now she is a messeger between many super heros
Weakness
*unfortunelty her damaged pons caused her to loose her ability to walk

Postal Servicer
WERNICKE'S AREA
Wernicke's area is the region of the brain where spoken language is understood. Functions of Wernicke's Area include:
*Language Comprehension
*Semantic Processing
*Language Recognition
*Language Interpretation
Language development or usage can be seriously impaired by damage to this area of the brain.
The Wernicke area is located in the posterior third of the upper temporal convolution of the left hemisphere of the brain.
Powers
*he is a mutant with an ability to cast powerful hypnotic illusions, with spoken words, so perfect that they are indistinguishable from reality.
Weakness
*If damage to Wernicke's Area of the brain his language will be completley impaired
aka
Mastermind
Wernicke's Mastermind
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