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4 Elements of Hip Hop & Breaking History

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Krista Di Lello

on 9 February 2017

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Transcript of 4 Elements of Hip Hop & Breaking History

4 Elements of Hip Hop Culture
Deejaying
DJ "disc jockey"
1973 block parties in the Bronx, DJ Kool Herc "Father of Hip Hop" mixed 2 identical records together to create "breaks"
Afrika Bambaataa - inspired by DJ Kool Herc, was also a DJ in the Bronx, and is considered the "Godfather of Hip Hop" and "Master of Records" and is said to have coined the term "hip hop." He also created the Zulu Nation as an alternative for gangs.
Emceeing
MC
"Master of Ceremonies"
http://www.daveyd.com/historyemceegmcaz.html
Master of Ceremony or guy on the mic, who announced what was next. Now MCing has transformed into rhyming and rap and a multimillion $ industry.
1974 - DJs emerged at a rapid rate to supply music to the growing demand of b-boys and young eager "hip-hoppers." It was the DJ who supplied the sound system (usually plugged into a lamppost or donated electricity from an apartment) and decided when the first MCs would use their catchy phrases. The DJ decided when the name of the DJ and crew would be announced. The DJ was responsible for any break in the flow of music. The MC was there to put a little extra on it. The main job and function of the MCs were to blow up the DJ and big up the crew.
Grandmaster Flash - scratching, backspinning (music)
Graffiti
"Writing" and tags. Individual's names and gang signs to mark territory.
Art or Vandalism?
It is illegal!
http://www.hiphop-network.com/articles/graffitiarticles/emergenceofnycitygraffiti.asp
Breaking
Top Rock
Down Rock/Footwork
Freezes/Stalls
Power Moves
Or B-boying
Breakdance Influences
James Brown's "Get on the Good Foot"
Breakdance Influences
African American and Latin American youth.
Capoeria, Lindy Hop, Gymnastics, Disco, Kung Fu, etc.
Who called it Breakdancing?
"Lesson one: Don't call it breakdancing. Hip-hop's dance tradition, the kinetic counterpart to the sound scape of rap music and the visuals of graffiti art, is properly known as b-boying." ~ The Boston Globe
It was termed "break-dancing"
by the media. They called all "street dance" breakdance.
Rock Steady Crew
Crazy Legs
Mr. Freeze
Mr. Wiggles
Who created hip hop?
Richard Colón
President of the Rock Steady Crew.
Invented "W" move
Invented Continuous Backspin or "Windmill"
Wayne Frost
Member of RSC
Known for his daredevil moves like the suicide (jump/flip in the air and land flat on his back or stomach)
Steffan "Mr. Wiggles" Clemente
Member of RSC, Electric Boogalos, and Zulu Nation
Street dancer and famous for Popping
Dancer and Graffiti Artist
DJ History:
http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/fall09/bein_k/history.html
What dance movement almost killed Breaking?
When and Where did Hip Hop begin?
New York, 1960/70's
The group was initially formed in the Bronx, New York City in 1977 by b-boys Jimmy Lee and Jimmy Dee. The Manhattan branch was created by Crazy Legs and B-Boy Fresh. The New York Times called the Rock Steady Crew "the foremost breakdancing group in the world today."
an American b-boying crew and hip hop group which has become a franchise name for multiple groups in other locations.
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