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Transcript of Paul Wincell
he later enrolled himself at Columbia University as a pre-med student and continued his schooling at The Acupuncture Research College of Los Angeles in 1974.
he held patents for over 30 devices, including the disposable razor, a flameless cigarette lighter, an illuminated ballpoint pen, a retractable fountain pen,and battery-operated heated gloves
Winchell had five children from his three marriages, but he was estranged from them.
The Artificial Heart
Winchell designed the artificial heart with help from of Dr. Henry Heimlich.
he based the valves of the heart off of the engineering of the moving eyes and the closing mouth of a puppet.
through the design, Winchell, tried to address circulatory issues.
Robert Jarvik, inventor of the first successful artificial heart.
influenced by Winchell's design
the Jarvik 7 functions with a two-chamber pneumatic pump.Tubes connected to the pump extends out of the chest which hooks up to an electrical unit.
in December 1982 Barney Clark was the first human patient implanted with a Jarvik-7. He lived with the artificial heart for 112 days before dying from organ failure.
a smaller model, the CardioWest, was designed and used as a temporary replacement for patients awaiting transplantation.
Most Recent Model
the artificial heart is powered by compressed air or by electricity
it functions similar to a real heart, but instead of pumping blood out of both ventricles at the same time, the artificial heart can only force blood out of one ventricle at a time.
Winchell was born on December 21, 1922 in New York City, New York
died on June 24, 2005 in Los Angeles
he was a ventriloquist and a voice actor.
growing up Winchell wanted to pursue a career in the medical field, but due to the Depression, his family couldn't afford to pay for medical school.
he created his first ventriloquist dummy at the age of 14 and toured to perform at various theaters.
Designer of the artificial heart